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World War II Database

12 Sep 1942
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Kavieng. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Captain Matsuro Eguchi was named the commanding officer of repair ship Akashi. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • The 7th Marine Regiment and elements of the 5th Defense Battalion arrived at Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides from Samoa. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German troops in the Caucasus region of southern Russia reported the first snow of the winter. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Major General Allan Adair assumed command of the British Guards Armoured Division, which he would command throughout the remainder of the war. ww2dbase [AC]
  • German aircraft re-established contact with Allied convoy PQ-18 at 1320 hours. At 2100 hours, German submarine U-88 attacked PQ-18 400 miles north of Norway; U-18 was instead counterattacked and sunk by depth charges from British destroyer HMS Faulknor, killing all 46 aboard. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet submarine S-13 sank Finnish ship Jussi in the southern end of the Gulf of Bothnia near the Åland Islands at 0348 hours; 6 survived. Also in the Gulf of Bothnia, Soviet submarine ShCh-309 sank Finnish ship Bonden. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British submarine HMS Sahib sank Italian fishing boat Ina S. with gunfire 8 miles off Sardinia, Italy. ww2dbase [CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • German submarines attacked Allied convoy ON-127 750 miles east of Newfoundland; U-211 damaged British whale factory ship Hektoria (1 was killed) and British ship Empire Moonbeam (3 were killed) at 0105 hours; U-608 sank Hektoria at 0351 hours and sank Empire Moonbeam at 0459 hours; U-404 damaged Norwegian tanker Daghild at 0617 hours; counterattacks by escorting vessels damaged U-218 and U-380, forcing them to return to France for repairs. In the South Atlantic, U-68 sank British merchant ship Trevilley 750 miles southwest of Gold Coast, British West Africa at 0332 hours; 2 were killed, 53 survived. U-515 sank Panamanian tanker Stanvac Melbourne (at 1000 hours; 1 was killed, 48 survived) and Dutch tanker Woensdrecht (at 1041 hours; 1 was killed, 73 survived) 40 miles east of Trinidad. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC, CPC]
  • At 2207 hours, U-156 sank British troopship Laconia 290 miles northeast of Ascension Island; U-156 surfaced and rescued 200 of the 2,741 aboard, most of whom were Italian prisoners of war, which was a surprise for U-156's commanding officer Korvettenkapitän Werner Hartenstein. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Tenryu arrived at Rabaul, New Britain. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Matome Ugaki observed activities of the personnel of the headquarters of the Japanese 11th Air Fleet at Rabaul, New Britain. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • USS Enterprise departed Tongatapu, Tonga for Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • During the day, USS Wasp delivered aircraft to Henderson Field on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. After dark, the three-day Battle of Bloody Ridge on Guadalcanal began as 6,200 Japanese troops attacked positions held by 12,500 Americans; faulty Japanese intelligence reported that the American strength was only about 2,000. The Japanese attack was supported in the air by aircraft and from the sea by cruiser Sentai and three destroyers. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Russia
  • Soviet 62nd Army at Stalingrad, Russia had been reduced to 90 tanks, 700 mortars and 20,000 men. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 Sep 1942
A German bomb detonating underwater near HMS Ashanti, HMS Wheatland, and HMS Eskimo which were escorting Allied convoy PQ-18, Sep 1942

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

12 Sep 1942 Interactive Map




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Famous WW2 Quote
"With Germany arming at breakneck speed, England lost in a pacifist dream, France corrupt and torn by dissension, America remote and indifferent... do you not tremble for your children?"

Winston Churchill, 1935