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23 Jul 1945
  • In Moscow, Russia, the Politburo approved the sentence of death by hanging of turncoat General Andrei Vlasov who had raised two divisions of Russian volunteers to fight for the Germans. ww2dbase [AC]
  • American aviators reported the presence of barrage balloons 12,000 feet above Hitachi, Japan. ww2dbase [Bombing of Tokyo and Other Cities | CPC]
  • Men landed by submarine USS Barb destroyed a train in Karafuto, Japan (Kurile Islands). ww2dbase [Barb | CPC]
  • Major General William Donovan, director of the OSS, offered to turn over to the Russians an entire German intelligence unit commanded by the deputy foreign chief of the Gestapo, Dr. William Höttl. Generals George Marshall and Dwight Eisenhower fumed when they heard about this unilateral gesture having despaired at cooperation with Moscow. ww2dbase [AC]
  • The trial against Marshal Philippe PĂ©tain began at Palais de Justice, Paris, France. ww2dbase [Philippe PĂ©tain | Paris | CPC]
Hawaii Japan
  • The Kawasaki aircraft factory at Kakamigahara, Gifu Prefecture, Japan was attacked by US aircraft. ww2dbase [Ki-100 | Kakamigahara, Gifu | CPC]
  • Light carrier Hosho began preparations to depart Kure, Japan for Moji, Japan. ww2dbase [Hosho | Kure, Hiroshima | CPC]
  • USS Springer completed her patrol of the Kii Channel between Honshu and Shikoku islands of Japan and set sail for Guam, Mariana Islands. ww2dbase [Springer | CPC]
  • I-400 departed Mutsu, Japan. ww2dbase [I-400 | Mutsu, Aomori | CPC]
  • I-401 departed Mutsu, Japan. Shortly after, she was fired upon by friendly Japanese coastal artillery on the island of Hokkaido; she was able to submerge and escaped without damage. ww2dbase [I-401 | Mutsu, Aomori | CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • A test bomb in the shape of the atomic bomb Little Boy, designated L-1, was dropped in the sea near Tinian, Mariana Islands from a B-29 bomber piloted by Paul Tibbets, to test the radar altimeter mounted on a B-29 bomber. ww2dbase [Paul Tibbets | Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki | Tinian | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Blenny reported sinking two small Japanese craft with the deck gun in the South China Sea off Malaya. ww2dbase [Blenny | South China Sea | CPC]
  • USS Sea Robin sank a small Japanese vessel with her deck gun in the East China Sea. ww2dbase [Sea Robin | East China Sea | CPC]
Singapore Ukraine
  • The last USAAF personnel of Operation Frantic left Poltava, Ukraine as the final step in closing the operation. ww2dbase [Operation Frantic | Poltava | DS]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 23 Jul 1945
Captain C. J. Moore, Admiral William Leahy, and Brigadier General Andrew McFarland at a meeting during the Potsdam Conference, Germany, 23 Jul 1945George Marshall and Henry Arnold arriving at Winston ChurchillFleet Admiral Ernest King inspecting the honor guard of British Scots Guards regiment during the Potsdam Conference, Germany, 23 Jul 1945British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and his daughter Mary Churchill walking in the garden of their residence during the Potsdam Conference, Germany, 23 Jul 1945; note British Scots Guards regiment honor guard
See all photos dated 23 Jul 1945

23 Jul 1945 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Winston Churchill

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