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19 Jul 1945
  • USS Tirante arrived at at Guam, Mariana Islands, ending her second war patrol. ww2dbase [Tirante | CPC]
  • Canadian anti-submarine patrol vessels ML 076 and ML 077 were decommissioned from service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-181 sank transport King Frederick off southern India in the Arabian Sea at 1703 hours; 27 were killed, 29 survived. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • USS Brill fired four torpedoes at a Japanese destroyer in the Gulf of Thailand; all torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Brill | CPC]
  • Viktor Abakumov was promoted to the rank of colonel general. ww2dbase [Viktor Abakumov | CPC]
  • Lavrentiy Beria was promoted to the rank of marshal. ww2dbase [Lavrentiy Beria | CPC]
  • Vsevolod Merkulov was promoted to the rank of general. ww2dbase [Vsevolod Merkulov | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Captain Enosuke Hirano, a doctor of Unit 731, examined prisoners of war Don Atkiss, Joe Holguin, Dick Lanigan, Jim McMurria, and Joe Nason at Rabaul, New Britain. During the examination he injected them with malaria-infected blood drawn from infected Japanese personnel so he could work on a possible vaccination. ww2dbase [Rabaul, New Britain | CPC]
  • Canadian corvettes HMCS Peterborough, HMCS Rosthern, and HMCS Owen Sound were decommissioned off Sorel, Quebec, Canada. ww2dbase [Sorel, Quebec | CPC]
French Indochina
  • USS Bugara fired 9 torpedoes at a Japanese convoy south of Saigon, Indochina. All torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Bugara | Saigon, Cochinchine | CPC]
  • USS Ticonderoga departed Guam, Mariana Islands. ww2dbase [Ticonderoga | DS]
  • Japanese special attack aircraft damaged destroyer USS Thatcher off Okinawa, Japan; another special attack aircraft narrowly missed destroyer USS Charles J. Badger. ww2dbase [Okinawa | CPC]
  • After sundown, US 20th Air Force launched 27 B-29 Superfortress bombers to mine waters off Japan and Korea, 127 B-29 bombers to attack Fukui, 126 B-29 bombers to attack Hitachi, 91 B-29 bombers to attack Choshi, 126 B-29 bombers to attack Okazaki, and 83 B-29 bombers to attack the Nippon oil plant at Amagasaki; only 3 B-29 bombers were lost by the US 20th Air Force during this night. ww2dbase [Bombing of Tokyo and Other Cities | CPC]
  • US Navy Task Force 38 carrier aircraft damaged carrier Amagi, carrier Katsuragi, and battleship Haruna at Kure Naval Shipyard, Japan. ww2dbase [Preparations for Invasion of Japan | Kure Naval Arsenal | Kure, Hiroshima | CPC]
  • US warships of Task Group 35.4 conducted a final bombardment of radar stations at Nojima Saki about 90 kilometers south of Tokyo, Japan. ww2dbase [Preparations for Invasion of Japan | Nojima Saki, Chiba | CPC]
  • In a ceremony held by the air groups of submarines I-400 and I-401 in Maizuru, Japan, each of the airmen received a special short sword from Vice Admiral Tadashige Daigo before they embarked on their suicide mission against Ulithi, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Maizuru, Kyoto | CPC]
  • Settsu departed Kure, Japan. ww2dbase [Settsu | Kure, Hiroshima | CPC]
  • The Nagasaki Prefectural Government in Japan ordered all national elementary schools in the prefecture's five cities to move classes to sites such as shrines, private homes, and the likes as a safety measure to protect children against US bombing. ww2dbase [Bombing of Tokyo and Other Cities | Nagasaki | CPC]
  • P-38 aircraft of US 13th Air Force attacked a Japanese suicide boat base in Sandakan, Sabah, North Borneo, while US B-25 bombers attacked Japanese airfields at Jesselton (now Kota Kinabalu) to the west. ww2dbase [Borneo Campaign | Sabah | CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Spot departed Saipan, Mariana Islands. ww2dbase [Spot | Saipan | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Sea Robin fired eight torpedoes at a Japanese tanker in the East China Sea, but all torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Sea Robin | East China Sea | CPC]
  • USS Bluefish sank a Japanese patrol boat with her deck gun southeast of Singapore. ww2dbase [Bluefish | South China Sea | CPC]
  • Carrier aircraft from US Task Force 38 operating southeast of Japan encountered a Fu-Go balloon in flight. The balloon was shot down and sank before it could be recovered. Ironically, this was very near the launch point of the Doolittle Raid three years earlier for which Operation Fu-Go was created to avenge. ww2dbase [Fu-Go | DS]
  • Ivan Serov, Sergei Kruglov, Vasili Chernyshev, and Bogdan Kobulov were promoted to the rank of colonel general. ww2dbase [CPC]
United States
  • The United States Congress ratified the Bretton Woods system of monetary management, which led to the establishment of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD). ww2dbase [Washington | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Jul 1945
Harold Alexander, Henry Stimson, and Henry Wilson during the Potsdam Conference, Germany, 19 Jul 1945Stalin, Churchill, Attlee, Truman, and others at the Potsdam Conference, Germany, 19 Jul 1945, photo 1 of 4Stalin, Churchill, Attlee, Truman, and others at the Potsdam Conference, Germany, 19 Jul 1945, photo 3 of 4British Ambassador to USSR Archibald Clark and British Foreign Office Under Secretary Alexander Cadogan at Schloss Cecilienhof, Potsdam, Germany, 19 Jul 1945
See all photos dated 19 Jul 1945

19 Jul 1945 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Chiang Kaishek, 31 Jul 1937

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