Home Intro People Events Equipment Places Maps Books Photos Videos Other Reference FAQ About

World War II Database

19 Jul 1940
  • Cruisers USS Wichita and USS Quincy arrived at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; destroyers USS Walke and USS Wainwright arrived later on the same day with Marines for Wichita and Quincy, respectively. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German armed merchant cruiser Thor sank Dutch ship Tela off the coast of Brazil. The entire crew of 33 were taken prisoner. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Two-Ocean Navy Act was passed by the US Congress. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • British General Alan Brooke took over as Commander-in-Chief of Home Forces, relieving Edmund Ironside. Ironside was promoted to Field Marshal as consolation; he had only been at the helm of Home Forces for two months. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • Hermann Hoth was promoted to the rank of general. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Battle of Cape Spada: British destroyers HMS Hyperion, HMS Hasty, HMS Ilex, and HMS Hero engaged Italian cruisers Giovanni dalle Bande Nere and Bartolomeo Colleoni. As the British destroyers began to flee from fight, Australian cruiser HMAS Sydney and British destroyer HMS Havock arrived to lend help. Sydney disabled Bartolomeo Colleoni with gunfire, and Ilex and Hyperion launched torpedoes to sink her, killing 121. Giovanni dalle Bande Nere was able to withdraw. 555 survivors of Bartolomeo Colleoni was rescued by Ilex and Hyperion after the battle. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-62 sank a British ship 30 miles northwest of Ireland; 13 were killed and 26 survived. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Werner Mölders was promoted to the rank of Major. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Daphne Pearson was awarded the Empire Gallantry Medal for her 31 May 1940 rescue of a pilot from a crashed bomber at RAF Detling, unspent ammunition exploding all around her. The medal was later updated to the George Cross in 1941. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The British Army Intelligence Corps was established. ww2dbase [AC]
  • The British Government removed the right of workers to strike. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Heinz Guderian was promoted to the rank of Generaloberst (Colonel General). ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • Eduard Dietl became the first person to receive Oak Leaves to the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Ernst Udet was promoted to Generaloberst (equivalent to Air Chief Marshal of the British RAF). ww2dbase [AC]
  • Denmark withdrew from the League of Nations. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Wolfgang Falck was ordered to see Hermann Göring; during this meeting, Falck would be promoted to the rank of Major. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler spoke to the Reichstag at the Kroll Opera House in Berlin, Germany about Allied warmongering and asked the United Kingdom to listen to reason and avoid war. Within an hour of the conclusion of the speech, the BBC broadcast an unofficial rejection to Hitler's bid for peace. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | TH, CPC]
  • Günther von Kluge was promoted to the rank of Field Marshal at the Kroll Opera House in Berlin, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Hermann Göring was promoted to the rank of Reichsmarschall, a rank created for him so that he would outrank all Field Marshals of the German military. The ceremony took place at the Kroll Opera House in Berlin, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Hugo Sperrle was promoted to the rank of Generalfeldmarschall at the Kroll Opera House in Berlin, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Wilhelm Keitel was promoted to the rank of Generalfeldmarschall at the Kroll Opera House in Berlin, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Walther von Brauchitsch was promoted to the rank of Generalfeldmarschall at the Kroll Opera House in Berlin, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • British bombers attacked Bremen, Gelsenkirchen, Kassel in Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Robert von Greim was promoted to the rank of General der Flieger. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • British troopship Royal Ulsterman departed from Gibraltar for Madeira with evacuated civilians; she was escorted by destroyer HMS Velox. ww2dbase [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Defiant turret fighters of No. 141 Squadron RAF were launched to protect a convoy off Folkestone, England, United Kingdom but they were inadequate in defending against German aerial attacks. 6 of them were shot down by 12 German Bf 109 fighters within the first eight minutes of combat (10 killed, 2 survived), with the 3 remaining saved only by the arrival of Hurricane fighters of No. 111 Squadron RAF. Elsewhere, German bombers attacked various targets in southern and eastern Britain, leading to the loss of 3 Hurricane fighters, the death of 42 civilians in Glasgow, damage aboard destroyers HMS Griffin and HMS Beagle, and the sinking of tanker War Sepoy. The Germans lost 3 bombers and 3 fighters on this day. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The first prototype of the cavity magnetron was delivered to the British radar research center near Swanage, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of British corvette HMS Kingcup was laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of British submarine HMS Umbra was laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British corvette HMS Bluebell was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British corvette HMS Picotee was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British submarine HMS P611 was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British minesweeping trawler HMS Crestflower was bombed and sunk by German aircraft off Portsmouth, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Prime Minister Winston Churchill made a proposal to the British War Cabinet suggesting the creation of Special Operations Executive (SOE) to conduct unscrupulous, underhand methods to be pursued against Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
United States
  • US President Franklin Roosevelt departed Washington Navy Yard, Washington DC, United States aboard presidential yacht Potomac, along with auxiliary vessel Cuyahoga, for a cruise in the Chesapeake Bay. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Jul 1940
Adolf Hitler with newly appointed Field Marshals, Kroll Opera House, Berlin, Germany, 19 Jul 1940Fumimaro Konoe, Yosuke Matsuoka, Zengo Yoshida, and Hideki Tojo at the Ogikubo Talk at Konoe

19 Jul 1940 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

Did you enjoy this article? Please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 per month will go a long way! Thank you.

Share this article with your friends:


Stay updated with WW2DB:

 RSS Feeds

Change View
Desktop View

Search WW2DB & Partner Sites
Famous WW2 Quote
"You ask, what is our aim? I can answer in one word. It is victory. Victory at all costs. Victory in spite of all terrors. Victory, however long and hard the road may be, for without victory there is no survival."

Winston Churchill