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World War II Database

14 Jul 1942
  • Yamato remained in Battleship Division 1 while two others transferred to Battleship Division 2. ww2dbase [Yamato | CPC]
  • Nagato was transferred to Combined Fleet Battleship Division 2. ww2dbase [Nagato | CPC]
  • Mutsu was transferred to Combined Fleet Battleship Division 2. ww2dbase [Mutsu | CPC]
  • Hiroaki Abe became the commanding officer of Japanese Navy Battleship Division 11. ww2dbase [Hiroaki Abe | CPC]
  • Charles de Gaulle renamed the Free French to the Fighting French. ww2dbase [Charles de Gaulle | CPC]
  • British minesweeping trawler HMS Flint and mooring vessel HMS Moorfly were launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • For the assassination of German Gestapo chief SS Major Helm, the Germans killed 700 people in reprisal in Zagreb, Yugoslavia. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Japanese submarine I-7 sank US freighter Arcata east of Dutch Harbor, US Territory of Alaska, and proceeded to machine gun survivors in lifeboats; despite the attacks, 25 of the 29 aboard survived. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • US President Franklin Roosevelt ordered the Joint Chiefs of Staff to abandon major offensive operations in the Pacific Theater and instead direct planning efforts on the invasion of North Africa. ww2dbase [Operation Torch | CPC]
  • The keel of destroyer Bearss was laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of destroyer escort Pope was laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Brazil declared war on Germany and Italy after Brazilian ships were sunk by German submarines over the past several days. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The Marine Corps Air Station, Edenton, North Carolina, United States was designed the Marine Corps Glider Base, and it was placed under the control of the US Navy 5th Naval District. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The US Army Air Force established the China Air Task Force with Claire Chennault in command; it was to be a part of the 10th Air Force. ww2dbase [Claire Chennault | CPC]
  • The Japanese Navy 11th Air Fleet was reorganized to contain four air flotillas, a destroyer division, and 3 transports. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Light carrier Hosho was assigned to the 3rd Fleet. ww2dbase [Hosho | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze was assigned to Destroyer Squadron 10 of the 3rd Fleet. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
  • In Operation Pinpoint, HMS Eagle departed Gibraltar to deliver 32 Spitfire fighters to Malta; she was escorted by cruiser HMS Cairo, cruiser HMS Charybdis, and five destroyers. ww2dbase [Eagle | CPC]
  • Chuichi Nagumo was named the commanding officer of the Third Fleet. ww2dbase [Chuichi Nagumo | CPC]
  • German patrol boats damaged Soviet submarine ShCh-317 in the "Nashorn" minefield in the Baltic Sea; Finnish minelayer Ruotsinsalmi and patrol boat VMV-6 followed the oil slick from ShCh-317 and sank the damaged submarine with depth charges, killing all 38 aboard. ww2dbase [ShCh-317 | CPC]
  • The deportation of Dutch Jews to Auschwitz concentration camp began. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | CPC]
Alaska
  • USS S-35 departed Dutch Harbor, US Territory of Alaska for her third war patrol. ww2dbase [S-35 | Unalaska | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • Cruiser K√∂ln began a minelaying operation in the North Sea. ww2dbase [K√∂ln | North Sea | CPC]
  • In the North Sea, the survivors of American freighter Carlton, which had sank on 5 Jul 1942, was discovered by German submarine U-376; he survivors refused German medical assistance, accepting only rations, blankets, and cigarettes. ww2dbase [Second Happy Time | North Sea | CPC]
  • German submarine U-130 commanded by Korvettenkapit√§n Ernst Kals sighted British Convoy SL 115 south of the Azores and west of the Canary islands on passage from Freetown, British West Africa to the United Kingdom. The convoy was escorted by the Sloops HMS Londonderry, HMS Hastings and HMS Bideford with the ex-USCGC HMS Lulworth. The submarine radioed in the location and the Italian submarine Pietro Calvi picked the position of the convoy up and her commander Captain Primo Longobardo moved in to attack. HMS Lulworth spotted the submarine forcing her to crash dive. Passing over the submarine, Lulworth dropped an accurate spread of depth charges which so damaged the Italian submarine she was forced to the surface. Lulworth opened fire on the Italians and made two unsuccessful attempts to ram before hitting her amidships. A boarding party was attempting to get on board the submarine but was hampered by fire from both parties and the Italian submariners leaping into the water. The Pietro Calvi then capsized and went under taking the leader of the boarding party with her. 42 of the 78 crew of the Pietro Calvi were lost with the boat including Longobardo. During the attack U-130 had arrived and fired torpedoes at HMS Lulworth but missed, and the sloops Hastings and Londonderry drove the Germans away. HMS Lulworth spent the following month being repaired, the damage caused by the ramming had been extensive but the ship made the passage without incident. ww2dbase [Second Happy Time | U-130 | HM]
Baltic Sea
  • Submarine S-7 attacked a Swedish convoy north of Kalmar Strait in the Baltic Sea; both torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [S-7 | Kalmar Strait | CPC]
Czechoslovakia Egypt
  • The First Battle of Ruweisat Ridge began at 2300 hours, under cover of darkness. It began well with the Indian (5th Brigade) and New Zealand infantry (4th Brigade and 5th Brigade) overrunning two Italian divisions, but unbeknown to them had inadvertently bypassed a group of German tanks as well as a few German infantry positions. ww2dbase [First Battle of El Alamein | El Alamein | AC, CPC]
French Syria and Lebanon
  • German submarine U-562 fired two torpedoes at a small Allied convoy which he had been chasing for some hours just off the coast of Syria-Lebanon, scoring one hit on Dutch motor tanker Adinda. Adinda would be able to sail for Haifa, arriving at 1400 hours, to receive temporary repairs. U-562 claimed two hits and claimed that Adinda had been sunk. ww2dbase [CPC]
Germany
  • Reinhard Gehlen and Heinz Herre presented to General Franz Halder intelligence on the Soviet difficulty in recruitment and the redirection of Lend-Lease war goods to Egypt. ww2dbase [Reinhard Gehlen | CPC]
Gibraltar
  • 12 Italian frogmen attacked Gibraltar harbor in Operation GG1; they damaged four cargo ships. ww2dbase [CPC]
Hawaii Japan
  • Shokaku was reassigned to Striking Force, 3rd Fleet, Carrier Division 1. In Hashirajima-Kure area in Japan. ww2dbase [Shokaku | Kure, Hiroshima | CPC]
  • Nachi arrived at Yokosuka, Japan for refitting. She was assigned to Cruiser Division 21 of the 5th Fleet. ww2dbase [Nachi | Yokosuka, Kanagawa | CPC]
Russia

14 Jul 1942 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Winston Churchill