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19 Mar 1945
  • US Seventh Army captured Worms, Germany. ww2dbase [Advance to the Rhine | TH]
  • Hitler issued the Nero Decree, which was a scorched Earth policy to prevent any industry, utility, or transportation from being used by the advancing Allied and Soviet armies. Albert Speer, the Armaments Minister, recognized the need for this infrastructure after the war and undermined efforts to carry out the decree. ww2dbase [Albert Speer | TH]
  • General of Panzer Troops Walther Nehring replaced Gotthard Heinrici as the commander of the German 1.Panzerarmee. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler ordered Gotthard Heinrici to replace Heinrich Himmler as the commander of Group Vistula as suggested by Heinz Guderian. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • France signed an economic pact with the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • USS Sea Robin departed Subic Bay, Philippine Islands, continuing her second war patrol. ww2dbase [Sea Robin | CPC]
  • Anglo-Indian troops attempted to cross the moat of Fort Dufferin in Mandalay, Burma in failure, suffering heavy casualties. A commando raid was put together to penetrate the fortress, but it would not be carried out due to the unexpected Japanese surrender on the next day. ww2dbase [Battle of Meiktila-Mandalay | Mandalay | CPC]
  • Soviet troops captured the heights over Zoppot, Germany (formerly of Danzig; now Sopot, Poland) near the city of Danzig. ww2dbase [East Pomeranian Offensive | Zoppot | CPC]
France Germany
  • George Patton received permission from his superiors to take the US 3rd Army across the Rhine River. ww2dbase [Crossing the Rhine | CPC]
Hawaii Japan
  • USS Yorktown (Essex-class) continued air operations against the three southernmost islands of Japan. ww2dbase [Yorktown (Essex-class) | Battle of Iwo Jima | DS]
  • Light carrier Ryuho was damaged by three bombs and two rockets delivered by US aircraft at Kure, Japan between 0720 and 0905 hours. 20 were killed and 30 were wounded. Her flight deck and boiler room were damaged, and a gash on the port side caused her to settle in six feet of water on the aft side. ww2dbase [Ryuho | Kure, Hiroshima | CPC]
  • In Japan, aircraft of US Navy TF 58 attacked targets on Kyushu and Honshu (Kure, Osaka, and Kobe), destroying submarine I-205 (still under construction) and damaging many warships. ww2dbase [Bombing of Tokyo and Other Cities | CPC]
  • Light carrier Hosho was attacked by 7 US aircraft off Kure, Japan at 0532 hours, receiving three hits, which caused minor damage and killed six. ww2dbase [Hosho | Kure, Hiroshima | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Kete was ordered to depart Ryukyu Islands area for refueling at Midway, then to sail on to Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. ww2dbase [Kete | CPC]
  • USS Bluefish damaged a Japanese boat south of Japan with her deck gun. ww2dbase [Bluefish | CPC]
  • USS Franklin was struck by a 250-kilogram bomb by a Japanese D4Y3 or D3A aircraft, which broke through the fir planks and detonated in the hangar deck; the 22 aircraft in the hangar deck, which were in the process of arming and refueling, burst in blames. A second bomb, ignition of gasoline vapors, or ignition of ammunition destroyed a further 31 aircraft. Damage control teams were able to save the ship. 724 were killed and 265 were wounded. ww2dbase [Franklin | CPC]
United States Photo(s) dated 19 Mar 1945
USS Essex under Japanese attack, off Japan, 19 Mar 1945US Navy African-American Seaman 2nd Class Napoleon Reid standing on lookout on a ship in the Pacific Ocean, 19 Mar 1945OCarrier Franklin
See all photos dated 19 Mar 1945

19 Mar 1945 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Famous WW2 Quote
"The raising of that flag on Suribachi means a Marine Corps for the next 500 years."

James Forrestal, Secretary of the Navy, 23 Feb 1945

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