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1 Mar 1944
  • Cruiser K√∂ln was towed from Kiel to K√∂nigsberg, Germany. ww2dbase [K√∂ln | CPC]
  • British High Commissioner in Jerusalem Sir Harold MacMichael stated that the current quota of 75,000 Jewish immigrants would not be increased, and when the current quota expired on 31 Mar 1944, there would be no plan for further openings for immigrants. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Thousands of Italian workers in northern Italy went on a strike, stopping production in some factories for a week. Because it was found that the strike was organized by a underground resistance movement, as many as 2,000 workers who went on the strike were arrested; some of them were deported out of the country. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Hammerhead was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Hammerhead | CPC]
  • The keel of submarine Sea Robin was laid down. ww2dbase [Sea Robin | CPC]
  • Rear Admiral Hidehiko Nishio was named the chief of staff of the Japanese Southwest Area Fleet. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • USS Wake Island arrived at Recife, Brazil. ww2dbase [Wake Island | CPC]
  • Captain Kiyoshi Koda was named the commanding officer of light carrier Hosho. ww2dbase [Hosho | CPC]
  • George Patton noted in his diary that "[Dwight Eisenhower] drank too much and is lonely", implying that the pressures of being the top Allied commander were taking a toll on his usually healthy and affable friend. ww2dbase [George Patton | CPC]
  • Heinrich Kreipe was made commanding officer of 22nd Air Landing Infantry Division. ww2dbase [Heinrich Kreipe | CPC]
  • U-821 was assigned to the 1st Submarine Flotilla. ww2dbase [U-821 | CPC]
Australian New Guinea Italy
  • Three Italian motor torpedo boats attacked the Allied beachhead at Anzio, Italy before dawn, causing no damage and suffering no losses. ww2dbase [Battle of Anzio | Anzio, Lazio | CPC]
  • Italian Navy Xa MAS formed the Servizio Ausiliario Femminile organization, an all-female auxiliary corps. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Settsu was assigned to the Japanese Navy First Air Fleet. ww2dbase [Settsu | CPC]
  • Klavdia Kalugina received orders to move to the front lines. ww2dbase [Klavdia Kalugina | CPC]
  • Shokaku moved alternately between Singapore and Lingga, Dutch East Indies throughout the month of Mar 1944. ww2dbase [Shokaku | Singapore | CPC]
  • Shokaku moved alternately between Singapore and Lingga, Dutch East Indies throughout the month of Mar 1944. ww2dbase [Shokaku | Singapore | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • US fighter ace Lieutenant Charles F. Gumm, with seven confirmed victories to his credit, was tragically killed when the engine of his P-51B Mustang fighter failed during take-off from RAF Boxted in Essex, England, United Kingdom. Rather than bailing out (which would inevitably lead to his crippled aircraft crashing into the little village of Nayland) he gallantly stayed in the cockpit long enough to glide it towards open ground. By that time he was too low to parachute, and his body was found by local villagers near the burning wreckage. ww2dbase [Nayland, England | AC, CPC]
United States Vatican City Photo(s) dated 1 Mar 1944
IS-2 tanks of the Soviet 1st Byelorussian Front near the Vistula River in Poland, 1 Mar 1944US Navy War Damage Report drawing for USS Helena, 1 Mar 1944Aerial view of Soton, Taichu (now Caotun, Nantou), Taiwan prior to the construction of an airfield, 1 Mar 1944

1 Mar 1944 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Famous WW2 Quote
"All that silly talk about the advance of science and such leaves me cold. Give me peace and a retarded science."

Thomas Dodd, late 1945

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