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World War II Database

1 Mar 1944
  • Captain Kiyoshi Koda was named the commanding officer of light carrier Hosho. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Hammerhead was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Cruiser Köln was towed from Kiel to Königsberg, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The keel of submarine Sea Robin was laid down. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wake Island arrived at Recife, Brazil. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • British High Commissioner in Jerusalem Sir Harold MacMichael stated that the current quota of 75,000 Jewish immigrants would not be increased, and when the current quota expired on 31 Mar 1944, there would be no plan for further openings for immigrants. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Thousands of Italian workers in northern Italy went on a strike, stopping production in some factories for a week. Because it was found that the strike was organized by a underground resistance movement, as many as 2,000 workers who went on the strike were arrested; some of them were deported out of the country. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Rear Admiral Hidehiko Nishio was named the chief of staff of the Japanese Southwest Area Fleet. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • George Patton noted in his diary that "[Dwight Eisenhower] drank too much and is lonely", implying that the pressures of being the top Allied commander were taking a toll on his usually healthy and affable friend. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Heinrich Kreipe was made commanding officer of 22nd Air Landing Infantry Division. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Ships of US Navy Destroyer Squadron 22 bombarded Rabaul, New Britain from off Praed Point starting at about 0000 hours, expending 700 shells. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Three Italian motor torpedo boats attacked the Allied beachhead at Anzio, Italy before dawn, causing no damage and suffering no losses. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Italian Navy Xa MAS formed the Servizio Ausiliario Femminile organization, an all-female auxiliary corps. ww2dbase [CPC]
Japan
  • Settsu was assigned to the Japanese Navy First Air Fleet. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Klavdia Kalugina received orders to move to the front lines. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Singapore United Kingdom
  • US fighter ace Lieutenant Charles F. Gumm, with seven confirmed victories to his credit, was tragically killed when the engine of his P-51B Mustang fighter failed during take-off from RAF Boxted in Essex, England, United Kingdom. Rather than bailing out (which would inevitably lead to his crippled aircraft crashing into the little village of Nayland) he gallantly stayed in the cockpit long enough to glide it towards open ground. By that time he was too low to parachute, and his body was found by local villagers near the burning wreckage. ww2dbase [AC, CPC]
United States
  • USS Guitarro departed New Orleans, Louisiana, United States for Balboa, Panama Canal Zone. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Vatican City
  • German aircraft dropped six bombs over the Vatican City, littering the Court of Saint Damaso with debris. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Mar 1944
IS-2 tanks of the Soviet 1st Byelorussian Front near the Vistula River in Poland, 1 Mar 1944US Navy War Damage Report drawing for USS Helena, 1 Mar 1944

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Famous WW2 Quote
"Since peace is now beyond hope, we can but fight to the end."

Chiang Kaishek, 31 Jul 1937