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23 Jan 1945
  • Soviet units reached the Oder River in the Silesia region of occupied Poland. ww2dbase [Vistula-Oder Offensive | TH]
  • In fighting at Brachterbeek, the Netherlands, Lance Corporal Henry Harden, a medic attached to the Commandos, sprinted 100 yards under fire over open ground to attend three wounded men. He carried one back to safety and, despite being hit, insisted on returning for the others. As he hoisted the second wounded man onto his back, he was shot and killed. He was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross. ww2dbase [AC]
  • USS Sennet attacked Japanese patrol boats off the Bonin Islands, sinking one and damaging another with 1 of 6 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Sennet | CPC]
  • Anglo-Indian troops captured Myinmu, Burma. The last Japanese survivors drowned themselves in the Irrawaddy River to avoid capture. ww2dbase [Battle of Meiktila-Mandalay | Myinmu | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Wake Island arrived at Ulithi, Caroline Islands for repairs. ww2dbase [Wake Island | Ulithi | CPC]
  • USS Barb attacked a Japanese convoy near Nanguan Island ("Namkwan harbor"), Zhejiang Province, China at 0405 hours, firing eight torpedoes and recording eight hits. At 1130 hours, Commander Eugene Fluckey sent Sino-American Special Technical Cooperative Organization (SACO) chief Commander Milton Miles a radio message, thanking him for the intelligence about the attack location. In Jun 1991, Fluckey was able to visit the fishing village of Huang Qi where several eyewitnesses of the attack still lived; the Chinese recalled seeing 4 Japanese ships sinking and 3 heavily damaged. ww2dbase [Barb | Nanguan, Zhejiang | CPC]
  • Helmuth von Moltke was executed at the Pl√∂tzensee Prison in Berlin, Germany. ww2dbase [Helmuth von Moltke | Berlin | CPC]
  • Kriegsmarine units began the evacuation of German civilians from Ostpreu√üen (East Prussia) and Danzig (Operation Hannibal). Meanwhile, Soviet troops reached Elbing, Danzig-Westpreu√üen, Germany (now Elblag) on the Baltic coast. ww2dbase [East Prussian Offensive | TH]
  • Emden departed K√∂nigsberg, Germany (now Kaliningrad, Russia) with the remains of Paul von Hindenburg aboard. ww2dbase [Emden | K√∂nigsberg, Ostpreu√üen | CPC]
  • A UKR official attached to Soviet 2nd Ukrainian Front reported that between 1 Jan 1945 and 20 Jan 1945, 2 German counterintelligence personnel, 39 German intelligence personnel, and 7 Hungarian intelligence personnel were arrested in Hungary. ww2dbase [Budapest Strategic Offensive Operation | CPC]
Panama Canal Zone
  • USS Shangri-La, USS Guam, and USS Harry E. Hubbard arrived Cristobal, Panama Canal Zone. ww2dbase [Guam | Shangri-La | Cristobal | CPC]
  • B-24 bombers of No. 159 Squadron RAF from Kharagpur in eastern India mined the Penang Strait. ww2dbase [Penang Strait, Penang | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Jan 1945
Battleship Indiana and Cruiser Division 5 bombarded Iwo Jima, 23 Jan 1945, photo 1 of 2Battleship Indiana and Cruiser Division 5 bombarded Iwo Jima, 23 Jan 1945, photo 2 of 2A burial at sea aboard the USS Hancock, 23 Jan 1945. These sailors died 4 days earlier when a TBM Avenger aircraft exploded just after landing. The explosion bent flight deck frame members that can be seen overhead.

23 Jan 1945 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Famous WW2 Quote
"We no longer demand anything, we want war."

Joachim von Ribbentrop, German Foreign Minister, Aug 1939

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