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18 Mar 1945
  • 2nd Lieutenant Guy Cary of US 15th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron shot down a He 162 jet fighter, but positive identification on the victim was not made; some thought it might had been a Me 262 jet fighter. ww2dbase [CPC]
Burma
  • In Burma, Lieutenant Karamjeet Singh Judge directed the destruction of ten enemy bunkers at a heavily defended cotton mill at Myingyan. Guiding a tank to another bunker for some reason he asked the commander to hold fire while he checked it out. He entered the bunker but was shot. The 21-year-old Punjabi was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Indian 5th Division captured Myingyan, Burma. In the area, Anglo-Indian troops attempted to cross the moat of Fort Dufferin in Mandalay, Burma in failure, suffering heavy casualties. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • US Third Army captured Boppard, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • Soviet 1st Polish Army captured Kolberg, Germany (now Kolobrzeg, Poland) while other Soviet units approached Gdynia and Danzig. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • Albert Speer, sensing Adolf Hitler's wish to potentially order the destruction of Germany to prevent Allied capture, attempted to persuade Hitler not to destroy the future of Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Army 65th Infantry Regiment, consisted of Puerto Ricans, arrived at Mannheim, Germany for occupation duties. ww2dbase [CPC]
Italy
  • General Mark Clark established the goal of the Allied offensive in Italy in spring 1945 to be 'to destroy the maximum number of enemy forces south of the Po [River], force crossings of the Po and capture Verona'. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • USS Yorktown (Essex-class) arrived in the operating area off Japan and began launching strikes on airfields on Kyushu, Honshu, and Shikoku. The task group came under air attack almost as soon as operations began. Yorktown was struck by a single bomb that killed 5 but otherwise caused minimal damage. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | DS]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Missouri escorted carriers while the aircraft aircraft struck Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Franklin arrived in position south of Japan and launched F4U Corsair fighters of US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214 against the targets in Kagoshima Prefecture. USMC pilot John Stodd was shot down over Izumi Airfield and was captured. The US airmen destroyed many Japanese aircraft on the ground at Izumi. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tunny detected a Japanese convoy but she failed to gain favorable attack positions. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Springer sank Japanese Transport No. 18 in the East China Sea, hitting her with 3 of 8 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • Filipino guerrillas welcomed the invading American troops on Panay, Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • US B-24 aircraft, A-20 aircraft, and fighters based in the Philippine Islands attacked Koshun Airfield, Takao Prefecture, Taiwan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit the Speaker's Corner at the edge of Hyde Park in London, England, United Kingdom at 0930 hours, killing 3 and seriously injuring 9. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Vatican City
  • Pope Pius XII denounced Nazi German racist policies. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Mar 1945
Jewish chaplain (Rabbi) Captain Manuel Poliakoff of the US Army 29th Infantry Division (center) conducting a memorial service in Schloss Rheydt, the former home of Joseph Goebbels, 18 Mar 1945.F6F Hellcats of Fighting Squadron VF-45 aboard Independence-class carrier USS San Jacinto off Kyushu, Japan, 18 Mar 1945. Note the open gun access panels in the fighters’ wings.Carrier USS Bunker Hill on station for strikes against Kyushu, Japan, 18 Mar 1945. Photo was taken from the carrier USS Essex and the battleship USS New Jersey is seen in the right background.

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

18 Mar 1945 Interactive Map




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Winston Churchill, on the RAF