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World War II Database

26 Mar 1884
26 Mar 1891
  • Yoshinori Shirakawa was promoted to the rank of second lieutenant. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
26 Mar 1918

Russia
  • Admiral Austin Knight, Commander-in-Chief of the US Asiatic Fleet (flying his flag in the USS Brooklyn) reported that a strong contingent of Red Guards, with at least three German officers among then, had arrived in Vladivostok, Russia. Two days later he reported that the Bolsheviks had begun to remove allied war supplies at the rate of forty railway truckloads per day. ww2dbase [AC]
26 Mar 1921

Photo(s) dated 26 Mar 1921
Anglican Bishop Angus Campbell MacInnes and Winston Churchill at Mount Scopus, Palestine, 26 Mar 1921
26 Mar 1935

United Kingdom
  • Driving tests were introduced in the United Kingdom. ww2dbase [AC]
26 Mar 1939
  • Slovakian forces gathered on the Hungarian border in preparation of a renewed counteroffensive, planning on pushing into Hungary if possible. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Japanese troops captured Wucheng, Jiangxi Province, China. To the southwest, Japanese troops reached the west gate of the primary objective, Nanchang, and began the assault. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
26 Mar 1940
  • German submarine U-38 stopped Norwegian merchant ship Cometa 65 miles northwest of Noup Head, Orkney Islands, Scotland and gave Cometa's crew one hour to abandon ship. At 0220 hours, U-38 hit the abandoned Cometa with one torpedo. The crew of 31, 6 Swedish passengers, and 5 British sailors were later rescued by HMS Northern Sky. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • French Prime Minister Paul Reynaud called for his country to wage total war against Germany. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Chinese troops evacuated Wuyuan, Suiyuan Province, China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • German submarine U-22 became missing in the North Sea, its crew of 27 was never seen again. It was probable that she hit a mine. ww2dbase [CPC]
Russia
  • Joseph Stalin refused to meet Adolf Hitler to discuss an issue regarding a border dispute in occupied Poland. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The British War Cabinet debated French Prime Minister Reynaud's proposal of attacking Soviet oilfields at Baku on the Caspian Sea and Soviet shipping in the Black Sea. Agreeing with the British Prime Minister Chamberlain, the proposals were rejected by the cabinet. ww2dbase [CPC]
26 Mar 1941
  • Six Italian explosive motor boats crippled Norwegian tanker Pericles and British cruiser HMS York (killing 2) in Suda Bay, Crete, Greece at 0446 hours; all six Italian boat drivers survived the attack, but all were captured. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • British conscripts could now opt for civil defense duties. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Italian battleship Vittorio Veneto, 5 cruisers, and 10 destroyers sortied out of Naples, Taranto, and Brindisi in Italy to patrol the area of the Mediterranean Sea between Egypt and Greece; the goal was to attack Allied convoys bringing troops and supplies to Greece. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Anti-Axis demonstrations continued in Yugoslavia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Winston Churchill sent a message to Archibald Wavell, hinting at Wavell's timidity in countering the recent Axis advances in Libya; he said "[w]e are naturally concerned at rapid German advance to El Agheila. It is their habit to push on wherever they are not resisted. I presume you are only waiting for the tortoise to stick his head out far enough before chopping it off." ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • In a radio broad cast to the American people, US Colonel William Donovan said about the East African campaign, "The British have done a superb job, a better job than they have let the world discover". ww2dbase [AC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • Canadian armed yacht HMCS Otter caught fire and sank off Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, killing 19. ww2dbase [CPC]
Germany
  • The German Army High Command authorized the RSHA organization to operate death squads (Einsatzgruppen) in occupied Poland. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Japanese Foreign Minister Yosuke Matsuoka arrived in Berlin, Germany. He was not met by Joachim von Ribbentrop immediately as his German counterpart was busy with the recent political developments in Yugoslavia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Italian Eritrea
  • Allied troops repaired the road running through Dongolaas Gorge in Eritrea, Italian East Africa. Italian troops at nearby heights only realized this after nightfall, by then it was too late to stop the Allied column that was starting to advance, thus the Italians began to withdraw to Keren. Meanwhile, in Abyssinia, The British Nigerian Brigade captured Harar unopposed. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 26 Mar 1941
Grampus during her trials, off Groton, Connecticut, United States, 26 Mar 1941, photo 1 of 2Grampus during her trials, off Groton, Connecticut, United States, 26 Mar 1941, photo 2 of 2
26 Mar 1942
  • US Navy warships Washington, Wasp, Wichita, Tuscaloosa, and eight destroyers sailed from Portland, Maine for Britain to reinforce the Royal Navy Home Fleet. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Winston Churchill told politicians of the rival Conservative Party 'It now seems very likely that we and our allies cannot lose this war, except through our own fault'. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • All Jewish homes in Germany were ordered to be marked as so on the exterior. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-71 sank US tanker Dixie Arrow 20 miles east of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, United States at 1459 hours, killing 11 of 33 aboard. Further out to sea, German submarine U-123 sank US Q-ship USS Atik 200 kilometers east of Hampton Roads, Virginia, United States at 1937 hours, killing the entire crew of 139; U-123 lost one to USS Atik's machine gun. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Admiral Sir James Somerville, who had commanded the force that had sunk the Bismark in the previous year, took commanded of the British Eastern Fleet, hoisting his flag in the battleship HMS Warspite at Trincomalee, Ceylon. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • Chinese and Japanese troops continued to engage in house-to-house fighting in Taungoo, Burma, with heavy losses on both sides. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • During this night and into the first hours of the next day, Egmont Prinz zur Lippe-Weißenfeld shot down four British bombers, increasing his victories to 21. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-652 sank British destroyer HMS Jaguar 20 miles off Sidi Barani, Egypt at 0227 hours, which was escorting British tanker Slavol; 193 were killed, 53 survived. At 0510 hours, U-205 followed-up, sinking Slavol; 36 were killed, 20 survived. ww2dbase [CPC]
Australian New Guinea Caroline Islands Dutch East Indies
  • Akagi departed Staring Bay, Celebes, Dutch East Indies with the Striking Force (less Kaga) together with Battleship Division 3, Cruiser Division 8, and Destroyer Squadron 1 for "Operation C", the raid into the Indian Ocean. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Shokaku departed Staring Bay, Celebes, Dutch East Indies for Operation C. She was assigned to First Air Fleet, Carrier Division 5, Striking Force, Air Attack Force. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Naka departed Makassar, Celebes, Dutch East Indies. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Vice Admiral Chuichi Nagumo's Japanese First Air Fleet, built around a nucleus of five aircraft carriers, sailed from Staring Bay, Celebes, Dutch East Indies to the west of Timor into the Indian Ocean with the intention of attacking the Royal Navy's bases at Colombo and Trincomalee in Ceylon. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • French politician Pierre Laval warned Chief of State Philippe Pétain that it was important to cooperate with the Germans to avoid Berlin from appointing a Nazi Party Gauleiter for Vichy France. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • British bombers (104 Wellington and 11 Stirling) attacked Essen, Germany, destroying two homes and killing six civilians; 11 bombers were lost in this attack. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Lexington arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii and prepared for an overhaul in the drydock. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Malta
  • German aircraft attacked Malta, sinking destroyer HMS Legion (11 killed) and empty freighters Pampas and Talabot in the Grand Harbour, and damaging submarine HMS P39 at Kalkara. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • Japanese aircraft bombed Corregidor, Philippine Islands, knocking out power for freezers containing 24,000 pounds of carabao meat. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • A transport of 999 female Slovakian Jews from Poprad, Czechoslovakia arrived at Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland; they were the first Slovakians sent by Adolf Eichmann's RSHA IVB4 office. Coinciding with the arrival of the Slovakian Jews was the arrival of the first transport of female prisoners from Ravensbrück Concentration Camp in northern Germany, also containing 999 Jews. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • 3 British destroyers and 16 smaller vessels departed Falmouth, England, United Kingdom with commandos aboard at 1400 hours for the drydock at Saint-Nazaire, France. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Allied convoy PQ-14 departed Oban, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 26 Mar 1942
Aircraft carrier Akagi shortly after leaving Port Stirling, Celebes for the Indian Ocean, 26 Mar 1942; note B5N torpedo bombers on flight deckCanadian soldiers of the Edmonton Regiment priming the No. 36 grenades in Shoreham, England, United Kingdom, 26 Mar 1942Thomas Blamey, Douglas MacArthur, and John Curtin, Australia, 26 Mar 1942US tanker Dixie Arrow burning after being torpedoed by German submarine U-71, off North Carolina, United States, 26 Mar 1942
See all photos dated 26 Mar 1942
26 Mar 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Buin, Bougainville departing later on the same day. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Finback attacked the Japanese convoy which she initially intercepted on 24 Mar 1943 north of New Guinea, Dutch East Indies. She damged two transports with 3 of 6 torpedoes fired and was counterattacked with depth charges. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • In the Aleutian Islands, American warships intercepted Japanese troops attempting to reinforce Kiska, engaging in the Battle of the Komandorski Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • All remaining British and American citizens in Germany were arrested; all remaining British and American citizens in occupied Europe were deported to Germany. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British General Wingate ordered his Chindits in Burma to withdraw. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • In the afternoon, British launched Operation Supercharge II to exploit Axis defenses in Tunisia near the Tebaga Gap. At 2300 hours, as the moon rose to provide some light, British tanks pushed through the gap and approached on El Hamma to the north. Tanks of the German 15th Panzer Division were released from reserve to counter the offensive. Axis troops began retreating from the Mareth Line in Tunisia toward Wadi Akarit. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Remy Van Lierde shot down a German Ju 52 transport aircraft over Belgium, which was his second kill. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • US B-17 bomber "Pluto", with US General Howard Ramey aboard, disappeared 20 minutes after having taken off from Port Moresby, Australian Papua. ww2dbase [CPC]
Germany
  • Adolf Hitler informed Benito Mussolini that the Battle of Stalingrad had weakened the Soviet Union so much that the city would surely fall and the war would be won. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • During the Battle of the Komandorski Islands, Nachi was forced to push one of her floatplanes overboard (concussion damage from her own guns), fired several Type 93 "Long Lance" torpedoes at the US forces (none of which hit), and received five hits (killing 14). ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Whale attacked the Japanese ship she had been pursuing since the previous day east of Saipan, Mariana Islands; all 7 torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 26 Mar 1943
Heavy cruiser USS Salt Lake City in action during Battle of the Komandorski Islands, 26 Mar 1943US Marine Corps Colonel Clifton Cates with his mother, 26 Mar 1943
26 Mar 1944
  • The US submarine Tullibee was sunk by one of her own torpedoes which malfunctioned when launched against Japanese vessels off Palau Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • Soviet units captured Kamenets-Podolsk, Ukraine, reaching the Romanian border on a wide front. ww2dbase [TH]
  • British Prime Minister Churchill praised Yugoslavian partisans under Tito. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Greek Communist Party established a provisional government in the mountains of northern Greece. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Japanese submarine I-8 damaged Dutch ship Tjisalak with a torpedo in the Indian Ocean, and then surfaced to exchange shellfire. After the ship sank, the Japanese attacked 97 survivors with swords, wrenches, and sledgehammers. They were then shot and dumped into the water. Six men survived. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Anton Dostler ordered the execution of the 15 American commandos who were captured on 24 Mar 1944 while attempting to sabotage the La Spezia-Genoa rail line in Italy. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Troops of Japanese 60th Regiment attacked Sangshak, India after dark, but got lost in the darkness, and many men were trapped in the open in the next morning. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Oberleutnant Hans Bennemann and Oberfeldwebel Wilhelm Brennecke of the German Kampfgeschwader 55 wing were awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. ww2dbase [CPC]
Italy
  • The New Zealand Corps headquarters, currently near Cassino, Italy, was dissolved. Surviving troops were incorporated into British XIII Corps. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • The keel of landing ship No. 154 was laid down by Hitachi Zosen. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
26 Mar 1945

Germany
  • In Germany, US Third Army captured Darmstadt and reached Main, allowing the linking up with US Seventh Army near Worms. On the banks of the Rhine River the British Royal Corps of Engineers completed the construction of a Class 9 bridge "Waterloo Bridge" at 0100 hours and a Class 15 bridge "Lambeth Bridge" at 0830 hours. Meanwhile the construction of an even larger Class 40 bridge "London Bridge" continued and was completed by midnight. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH, AC]
  • Nazi German official Martin Bormann called for German citizens to become "Werewolf" guerillas. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • General George Patton dispatched the 300-strong Task Force Baum to liberate prisoner of war camp OFLAG XIII-B near Hammelburg, Germany, where his son-in-law John Waters was imprisoned. 32 men were killed and about 200 were captured as the mission resulted in a complete failure. It became another controversy in Patton's military career, in which he was accused of risking 300 lives to save a family member. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
Hawaii
  • USS Segundo arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her third war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Hungary
  • Soviet troops captured the cities of Devecser and Pápa in Hungary, thus nearing the Austrian border. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
Italy
  • Junio Valerio Borghese was made the Chief of the Naval Staff. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • USS Marcus Island arrived in the Kerama Islands southwest of Okinawa, Japan and would remain in the Okinawa area for the next month in support of the invasion. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Japanese mounted the final suicide charge with 200-300 men at Iwo Jima, Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Fletcher-class destroyer USS Halligan was fatally damaged by a mine off Okinawa, Japan. The abandoned hulk drifted aground on Tokashiki Island where she was finished off by Japanese shore batteries on the following day. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Yoshijiro Umezu rejected the proposal to deliver biological weapons by submarine-borne aircraft on a city on the west coast of the United States due to ethical reasons. Without army support, Operation PX would soon be canceled. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • A small scale special attack by aircraft was conducted by the Japanese off Okinawa, Japan, but a large scale tokko campaign was to come in the future. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Soviet forces captured Gotenhafen, Germany (now Gdynia, Poland). ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Boris Shaposhnikov passed away in Moscow, Russia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • Landing ship No. 143 was sunk by US aircraft in the Pescadores Islands in the Taiwan Strait. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Two German V-2 rockets hit Romford, Essex, England, United Kingdom. The first struck Forest Road, destroying 16 buildings and killing 2. The second rocket destroyed one building named "Victory Hut" at Nook Hill. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Former British Prime Minister David Lloyd George who led the country during WW1 died of cancer in Ty Newydd, Llanystumdwy, Caernarfonshire, Wales, United Kingdom at the age of 83. ww2dbase [AC, CPC]
  • Sir Nicholas Cayzer of Britain called for the scrapping of the vast amount of American-built shipping at the end of the war, for otherwise British post-war sea trade would be made uneconomical. ww2dbase [AC]
United States
  • USS Ray departed San Francisco, California, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Dragonet departed Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 26 Mar 1945
British Achilles tank destroyer on the east bank of the Rhine River, 26 Mar 1945; note abandoned gliders in backgroundCrewmen hoisting one of USS Miami
26 Mar 1946
  • Long Island was decommissioned from service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • US 83rd Infantry Division returned to the United States from Europe. ww2dbase [CPC]
South Africa
  • HMS Colossus completed her refitting and repairs at the Selborne drydock at Simonstown, South Africa. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
26 Mar 1948

United Kingdom
  • Rodney began to be scrapped at Inverkeithing, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
26 Mar 1952

Russia
  • Former German intelligence officer Erwin Stolze was executed in Russia. ww2dbase [CPC]
United States
  • USS Charr departed San Diego, California, United States for Korea. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
26 Mar 1955

China
  • Wei Lihuang arrived in Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
26 Mar 1961

United States
  • Crown Prince Euimin and Princess Masaka (Bangja) arrived in Hawaii, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
26 Mar 1968

Photo(s) dated 26 Mar 1968
USS Saint Paul underway, 26 Mar 1968

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Famous WW2 Quote
"I have returned. By the grace of Almighty God, our forces stand again on Philippine soil."

General Douglas MacArthur at Leyte, 17 Oct 1944