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24 Jan 1869

Japan
  • Yoshinori Shirakawa was born in Iyo, Ehime Domain, Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
24 Jan 1884
24 Jan 1891
24 Jan 1895
  • Winston Churchill's father, Lord Randolph Churchill, passed away at the age of 45. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
24 Jan 1898
  • Hai Chi was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
24 Jan 1918
  • The Bolsheviks set up their own government at Kharkov and invaded the Ukraine. They ran into some resistance from the 1st Polish Corps, but this was quickly overcome and the Poles were forced to withdraw westward into German-held territory, where they surrendered. ww2dbase [AC]
24 Jan 1924

Photo(s) dated 24 Jan 1924
Crown Prince Hirohito and Princess Nagako, early 1924, possibly on the date of their wedding (24 Jan 1924)
24 Jan 1936

France
  • Pierre Laval stepped down as the Prime Minister of France. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
24 Jan 1938
  • Fuju Han passed away. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Alfried von Bohlen und Halbach's wife, Anneliese Bahr, gave birth to a son. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
24 Jan 1939
  • Spanish Nationalist forces were within three miles of Barcelona, Spain. At this point the Spanish Republican government, led by Dr. Juan Negrín, fled to Girona, Catalonia, Spain. The Republican troops in Barcelona continued to maintain a token resistance. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
Germany
  • Germany established the National Central Office for Jewish Emigration with branch offices in Vienna and Prague. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Spain
  • The Legionnaires of the Moroccan Corps stormed the imposing rock citadel of Montjuich overlooking Barcelona, Spain, freeing 1,200 Political prisoners who had miraculously escaped execution. ww2dbase [AC]
24 Jan 1940
  • German submarine U-44 torpedoed and sank French cargo ship Alsacien 4 miles off of Lisbon, Portugul at 1140 hours, killing 4. The cargo to phosphate from Africa, destined for France, was lost. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-23 torpedoed and sank Norwegian cargo ship Varild off of the eastern coast of Scotland at 1900 hours, killing the entire crew of 15. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Finnish Army Force Talvela and Soviet 8th Army exchanged attacks at Kolla in Finland, along the Aitto River. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Chinese troops captured Dongyangguan Pass, Shanxi Province, China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • A Czechoslovakian branch of the French Army was established. ww2dbase [CPC]
24 Jan 1941
  • All Italian outposts surrounding Tobruk, Libya were captured by the Allies. Meanwhile, en route to Derna, Libya, Allied troops encountered units of the newly organized Italian Special Armoured Brigade and defeated them near Mechili, destroying 9 Italian tanks at the cost of 7 British tanks. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German He 114 seaplane from armed merchant cruiser Atlantis attacked British ship Mandasor 300 miles east of the Seychelles in the Indian Ocean. Atlantis soon arrived, stopping Mandasor with gunfire, killing 6. A launch from Atlantic drove away sharks with machine gun fire as the Germans rescued 82 survivors. Mandasor was eventually sunk with a torpedo. As the He 114 aircraft attempted to land in the water for recovery, the rough seas caused her to capsize and become lost. Four Allied cruisers later arrived on the scene in response, but Atlantis had already departed. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Lord Halifax arrived at Chesapeake Bay, Maryland, United States aboard battleship HMS King George V. He had arrived to take up his new post as the British ambassador to the United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-123 sank Norwegian ship Vespasian with a torpedo 200 miles west of Ireland at 2148 hours, killing the entire crew of 18. ww2dbase [CPC]
French Indochina
  • Thai aircraft bombed the airfield at Angkor near Siem Reap, Cambodia, French Indochina; the resulting dogfights would be the final air battle of the Franco-Thai War. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Jan 1941
Matilda tank en route into Tobruk, Libya, 24 Jan 1941; note British soldiers displaying a captured Italian flag
24 Jan 1942
  • HMS Indomitable refueled near the Cocos Islands in the eastern Indian Ocean. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze escorted the Japanese invasion force for Kendari, Celebes, Dutch East Indies. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Swordfish sank Japanese gunboat Myoken Maru off Kendari, Celebes, Dutch East Indies. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • American submarine chaser USS PC-460 misidentified US submarine USS S-26 for an enemy submarine in the Gulf of Panama in the darkness, rammed, and sank the submarine, killing 46 of the 49 aboard. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Battle of Makassar Strait: Off Balikpapan, four Japanese transports were sunk as the result of this battle. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Germans retook Sukhinichi, near Kaluga, Russia. ww2dbase [TH]
  • The 2nd Battalion of the Japanese 20th Infantry Regiment continued to make landing attempts at Quinauan Point, and Longoskawayan Point, Bataan on Luzon of Philippine Islands, increasing the strength of the small beachhead. After sundown, US and Filipino troops began withdrawing from the Abucay-Mauban defensive line to the new Orion-Bagac defensive line. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese aircraft attacked Rangoon, Burma for the second day in a row. From the Thai-Burmese border, Japanese troops marched in multiple columns toward Moulmein, Burma, looking to capture the nearby airfield. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Troop convoy MS2 arrived at Singapore, disembarking an Australian machine gun battalion and 1,900 green conscripts. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • German submarine U-66 sank British tanker Empire Gem 20 miles off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, United States at 0240 hours. Out to sea to the northeast, at 0653 hours, German submarine U-106 sank British ship Empire Wildebeeste 430 miles southeast of Nova Scotia, Canada. In the afternoon at 1525 hours, U-333 sank Norwegian ship Ringstad off Newfoundland. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • John Curtin, the Australian Premiere, called for an Australian representative to be appointed to the Imperial War Cabinet, and further proposed the establishment of a Pacific Council for joint consultation between all the Allied countries particularly concerned. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • Australian Deputy Prime Minister Francis Forde announced in the afternoon that the Japanese had presumably landed at Rabaul, New Britain, Bismarck Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Thomas McBride Price led the second Australian attempt at attacking Rabaul, New Britain (the first having been abandoned on the previous day due to weather); clouds over Rabaul obscured both the attackers (5 Catalina aircraft) as well as the defenders, thus the only damage caused was minor friendly fire incidents on the Japanese side. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • Dutch submarine K XVIII fired four torpedoes at Japanese cruiser Naka off Borneo, Dutch East Indies, all of which missed; Naka gave pursue to the submarine unsuccessfully. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Nachi provided support for the landings at Kendari, Celebes, Dutch East Indies. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • During the night, USS Marblehead screened the withdrawal of a force of Dutch and American warships after those ships had successfully attacked a Japanese convoy off Balikpapan, Borneo, Dutch East Indies. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese Sasebo Special Naval Landing Force captured Kendari, Celebes, Dutch East Indies, overcoming the 400 Dutch defenders at the airfield. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Dutch bombers attacked Japanese troop transports off Dutch Borneo as the ships sailed toward Balikpapan. Dutch submarine K-18 damaged Japanese patrol boat P37 and suffered damage from depth charge counterattacks. After sundown, 5,500 Japanese troops landed unopposed at two sites north and east of Balikpapan. Finally, US destroyers USS Paul Jones, USS Parrot, USS Pope, and USS John D. Ford attacked Japanese transports at Borneo, sinking Kuretake Maru, Sumanoura Maru, and Tatsukami Maru, and further damaging patrol boat P37. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Hans-Joachim Marseille departed Berlin, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Astoria arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Russia
  • Allied convoy QP-6 departed Murmansk, Russia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
24 Jan 1943
  • Tirpitz completed its refitting at Fættenfjord/Lofjord near Trondheim, Norway. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Casablanca Conference ended with the announcement of a requirement for unconditional surrender from Germany to end the war. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • Soviet troops liberated Starobelskiy, Ukraine. ww2dbase [TH]
  • The Soviet Trans-Caucasian Front's offensive toward the Kuban bridgehead was halted near Krasnodar and Novorossiysk. A new offensive drive, named the Tikhoretsk-Eisk Offensive Operation, was launched on this date. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • British war expenditure was estimated to be running at £14 million a day. ww2dbase [AC]
  • American destroyers bombarded Japanese fuel and munitions dumps in the Stanmore area, Kolombangara, Solomon Islands. Later on the same day, US Navy carrier aircraft attacked the same targets. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • 12 German aircraft were launched to attack Allied convoy JW-52; only three of them found and attacked the convoy, and all three were shot down. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down a Wellington bomber over Rangoon, Burma, his 19th victory. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo reconnoitered waters far north of Wewak, Australian New Guinea. Encountering Japanese destroyer Harusame with submarines nearby, she fired three bow torpedoes, a fourth bow torpedo as Harusame turned toward Wahoo. After all four had missed, Wahoo repositioned her self and fired two more torpedoes, this time hitting and seriously damaging Harusame. Harusame was able to beach herself to prevent sinking. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • A transport from a psychiatric hospital at Apeldoornse Bosh with 921 Jews arrived at Auschwitz Concentration Camp. After the selection, 16 men and 60 women were registered; the remaining were sent to the gas chambers. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Russia
  • The Soviets once again demanded surrender from the encircled German forces in Stalingrad, Russia. Responding to Friedrich Paulus' message requesting permission to surrender as his men were now nearly out of ammunition and medical supplies, Adolf Hitler told Paulus to fight to the last man even if defeat was imminent. By the end of this day, the German forces in Stalingrad would be divided in two pockets and would have lost the use of the final airstrip available to them, Stalingradsaya Airfield. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH, CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Glyndwr Michael, homeless and suffering from mental illness, was found dead in an abandoned warehouse in King's Cross, London, England, United Kingdom after consuming rat poison which contained phosphorus; it was unknown whether he had committed suicide or simply ate what he thought was thrown-away food laced with the poison for the purpose of pest control. The discovery of his remains was reported to MI5 per previous request for such a body. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Jan 1943
Free French leaders Charles de Gaulle and Henri Giraud at Casablanca Conference, Morocco, 24 Jan 1943; Roosevelt and Churchill in backgroundFranklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill pose for photographs in the gardens of Roosevelt’s Villa Dar es Saada in the Anfa neighborhood of Casablanca, French Morocco during the Casablanca Conference, 24 Jan 1943.Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill brief war correspondents in the gardens of Roosevelt’s Villa Dar es Saada in the Anfa neighborhood of Casablanca, French Morocco during the Casablanca Conference, 24 Jan 1943.Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill brief war correspondents in the gardens of Roosevelt’s Villa Dar es Saada in the Anfa neighborhood of Casablanca, French Morocco during the Casablanca Conference, 24 Jan 1943.
See all photos dated 24 Jan 1943
24 Jan 1944
  • Roosevelt created the War Refugee Board in response to political pressure that demanded action to help Jews in occupied Europe. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of CASU-30 departed. ww2dbase [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • Hitler ordered that the Gustav Line in Italy was to be held at all costs. Meanwhile, French forces attacked north of Monte Cassino and US 34th Infantry Division attacked across the Rapido River north of Cassino. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • At Anzio, Italy, Private George Mitchell charged alone through intense machine-gun fire, jumped into the weapon pit and killed the crew. Shortly afterwards, he similarly assaulted a second position, killing six of the enemy and taking 12 prisoners. He was killed moments later when one of the Germans who had supposedly surrendered snatched up a discarded rifle and shot him. Mitchell was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross medal. ww2dbase [AC]
  • German forces in the Anzio, Italy region increased to over 40,000 men. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Junio Valerio Borghese was released from imprisonment in Italy. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale spotted a Japanese submarine and gave chase, but a trim pump fire forced her to abandon chase. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Jan 1944
Battleship Indiana underway at sea in the Marshall Islands, 24 Jan 1944; note Camouflage Measure 32 Design 1BLaunching of USS Hancock, Bethlehem Steel Company at Quincy, Massachusetts, United States, 24 Jan 1944Battleships Iowa and Indiana underway during the Marshall Islands Campaign, 24 Jan 1944; note ships with Camouflage Measure 32 Design 1B and wing of SB2C Helldiver aircraft in foregroundBattleships Iowa and Indiana underway during the Marshall Islands Campaign, 24 Jan 1944; note Camouflage Measure 32 Design 1B; cropped photo of NARA 80-G-235080
See all photos dated 24 Jan 1944
24 Jan 1945
  • USS Blackfin sank Japanese destroyer Shigure in the Gulf of Siam about 160 miles from Kota Bharu, Malaya. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German forces began withdrawing from Slovakia. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Soviet 1st Ukrainian Front captured Gleiwitz, Germany (now Gliwice, Poland). ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • British Fleet Air Arm Seafire fighters commenced operations in the Far East with a full-scale attack on oil targets in Sumatra, Dutch East Indies. ww2dbase [AC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Ticonderoga arrived at Ulithi, Caroline Islands; Captain Kiefer, the executive officer, and others wounded during the special attack three days prior were transferred to hospital ship Samaritan. ww2dbase [Main Article | DS]
Germany
  • Roza Shanina made her final entry in her combat diary. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Chub arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • Shigure was sunk by USS Blackfin in the Gulf of Siam off Khota Bharu, Malaya. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • The BI-7 rocket-powered prototype aircraft took its first flight at Khimki near Moscow, Russia (the eleventh flight of the design); a problem with the landing gear was reported during this flight. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Joseph Stilwell was made the Commanding General, Army Ground Forces. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Jan 1945
Appendicitis patient Seaman 1st Class J. R. Morris being transported from destroyer USS Grady to carrier USS Anzio for treatment, Pacific Ocean, 24 Jan 1945
24 Jan 1946
  • Kitty Hawk was decommissioned from service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Harry Truman secretly made Sidney Souers the chief of the newly-established Central Intelligence Group in a ceremony involving black cloaks and wooden daggers. This organization was not recognized by the Pentagon nor the FBI, and it would remain active for a very short period of time as all Truman wanted out of Souers was a concise daily report on intelligence matters so that Truman could save some time. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
24 Jan 1947
  • Montpelier was decommissioned from service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
24 Jan 1948
  • Julius Adler was promoted to the rank of major general. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
24 Jan 1953
24 Jan 1955
24 Jan 1959

Photo(s) dated 24 Jan 1959
Chiang Kaishek and Chiang Ching-kuo inspecting defensive fortifications at Jinmen, Fujian Province, Republic of China, 24 Jan 1959
24 Jan 1962

Bermuda
  • USS Wasp arrived at waters off Bermuda. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
24 Jan 1965

United Kingdom
  • Winston Churchill passed away at his home in London, England, United Kingdom shortly after 0800 hours. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
24 Jan 1966

United States
  • USS Wasp departed Boston, Massachusetts, United States for exercises off Puerto Rico. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
24 Jan 1967

Atlantic Ocean
  • USS Wasp began serving as a carrier qualification duty ship for the Naval Air Training Command in the Gulf of Mexico and off the east coast of Florida, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
24 Jan 1971
  • Douglas Bader's wife Thelma died of throat cancer. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
24 Jan 1972

Guam
  • Japanese Army Sergeant Shoichi Yokoi was discovered in the mountains by residents of Guam, Mariana Islands, who refused to believe that Japan had lost the war 26 years prior. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
24 Jan 1986
  • Victor Crutchley passed away. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Famous WW2 Quote
"Since peace is now beyond hope, we can but fight to the end."

Chiang Kaishek, 31 Jul 1937