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27 Jun 1899

  • Kenkichi Ueda was promoted to the rank of sub-lieutenant. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
27 Jun 1903

  • Kenkichi Ueda was made a cavalry instructor. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
27 Jun 1911

United States
  • Omar Bradley received a letter from Congressman William Rucker noting that Bradley could attend an examination for entrance to the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, United States as his secondary appointment. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
27 Jun 1913

United States
  • Joseph Stilwell departed Fort Niagara, New York, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
27 Jun 1917
  • A Sopwith Camel single-seat biplane fighter of No.70 Sqn RFC scored the type's first victory over the Western Front in WW1. ww2dbase [AC]
United States
  • Henry Arnold was promoted to the temporary rank of major. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
27 Jun 1918
  • Lenin and Trotsky were outraged by the arrival of British force at Murmansk, Russia under Major General Maynard, especially when it was learnt that one of the Allies intentions was to link up with the Czech Legion. Trotsky ordered Alexei M. Yuryev, the head of the Murmansk Soviet, to immediately break off relations with the Allies, but Yuryev declined to obey on the grounds that Murmansk was totally dependant on the Allies for food and essential supplies. Lenin reacted by ordering 3,000 Bolshevik troops northwards from Petrograd by train to bring the Murmansk area under full Bolshevik military control. Maynard, meanwhile, had set off with his Brigade Major, his adjutant, an intelligence officer and a platoon of British Infantry on a tour of inspection. The two groups met at Kandalaksha. The commander of the Red train was drunk and very belligerent, but while the Russian was still trying to make up his mind what to do, Maynard deployed his troops to give the impression that the Bolsheviks were surrounded by a much larger force than Maynard actually had. The bluff worked and after a lot of hard talking the Bolshevik commander was persuaded to abandon his mission and turn around. Maynard found two more Bolshevik trains at Kem and these too were persuaded to hand over their weapons and turn back. ww2dbase [AC]
27 Jun 1924
  • Omar Bradley was promoted to the rank of major. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
27 Jun 1933
  • The German National Front (formerly the German National People's Party, DNVP) voted to dissolve itself before being compelled to do so by Hitler. ww2dbase [AC]
27 Jun 1934

  • Sepp Dietrich requested the German Reichwehr authorities for arms so that the Liebstandarte could carry out what he called "a secret and most important mission ordered by the Führer" (ie. the slaughter of dissident elements within the SA). ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
27 Jun 1936

United Kingdom
  • The Hurricane fighter design officially received its "Hurricane" designation. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Jun 1936
Chiang Kaishek and General Long Yun of Yunnan Provincial Government in Nanjing, China, 27 Jun 1936
27 Jun 1937

  • Pastor Martin Niemöller delivered an outspoken sermon in Berlin, Germany in which he made it clear that a Christian's obligation was to "obey God rather than man". Arrested for anti-state activity he was sentenced to seven months in prison in Mar 1938, after which Hitler had him committed to a Concentration Camp, from which he emerged alive in 1945. ww2dbase [AC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Jun 1937
Prof. Bruckmann, Mayor of Nuremberg Willy Liebel, Ribbentrop, Hitler, and Speer in Nuremberg, Germany, 27 Jun 1937
27 Jun 1939

  • Aircraft of Japanese Army 2nd Air Brigade attacked the Soviet airfield at Tamsagbulag, Mongolia Area, China. Both sides lost several aircraft. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
27 Jun 1940
  • The escaping French battleship Jean Bart, which had been fitting out at Saint-Nazaire when France fell, reached safety at Casablanca, French Morocco. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • Destroyer USS O'Brien arrived at Rio Grande du Sol, Brazil. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-47 shelled Norwegian merchant ship Lenda off southwest Ireland at 0400 hours; 1 was killed and 27 survived. At 1700 hours, U-47 shelled Dutch tanker Leticia in the same area; 25 of the crew took to lifeboats, while the other 3 who dove into the water were rescued by U-47 and brought to the lifeboats; the crew of U-47 offered the survivors first aid material, sausages, and wine before leaving. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German forces reached the Franco-Spanish border. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • Romania ceded Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina to the Soviet Union. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • US President Roosevelt declared a national emergency and re-invoked the Espionage Act of 1917 to control shipping in American waters and in waters near the Panama Canal Zone. On the same day, he also established the National Defense Research Committee under chairman Vannevar Bush to coordinate the development of war related sciences and technologies. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Heavy cruiser USS Wichita, with Commander Cruiser Division Seven Rear Admiral Andrew C. Pickens aboard, departed Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ww2dbase [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Despite Admiral Darlan's previous assurances that French ships would not fall into German hands, the British War Cabinet ordered the Royal Navy to seize or destroy all French warships in British and North African ports. In turn, Vice Admiral Sir James Somerville was ordered to take the newly-formed Force H to Algeria. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The keel for battleship Iowa was laid down at the Brooklyn Naval Shipyard in New York, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Jun 1940
Submarine Gar under construction, Groton, Connecticut, United States, 27 Jun 1940; topside view looking aftRear Admiral Clark Woodward driving the first rivet for battleship Iowa at the keel laying ceremony, New York Naval Shipyard, New York, United States, 27 Jun 1940
27 Jun 1941
  • German troops captured Bobruisk in Byelorussia and Przemysl in Poland. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • Hungary declared war on the Soviet Union. ww2dbase [TH]
  • British bombers attacked Bremen, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • In Kaunas, Lithuania, a group of Lithuanian nationalists gathered more than 50 Jewish men in a horse stable and beat them violently with iron bars in public view. None of the victims survived the Lietukis Garage Massacre. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Joseph Stalin gave permission to military tribunals to give out death sentences to members of the Red Army without his personal approval. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The US Federal Bureau of Investigation raided the offices of the Socialist Workers Party in Minneapolis and St. Paul in Minnesota, United States, seizing large quantities of Communist literature. ww2dbase [AC]
  • The Central Committee of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia appointed Tito as Commander-in-Chief of the Yugoslavian Peoples Army. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Jun 1941
Battleship Iowa under construction, New York Navy Yard, New York, United States, 27 Jun 1941
27 Jun 1942
  • USS Nautilus sank Japanese auxiliary minesweeper Musashi Maru 60 miles south of Tokyo Bay, Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Dr. Heinisch, the German administrator in the Przemysl area in occupied Poland, declared that anyone interfering with the deportation, looting Jewish homes, or helping Jews hide would be shot. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Allied convoy PQ-17 under Commodore J. C. K. Dowding sailed from Hvalfjord, north of Reykjavik, Iceland, where it had assembled. One ship grounded on leaving harbour and another was damaged by ice in the Denmark Strait, so the convoy that set course for Arkhangelsk, Russia comprised 33 ships plus a tanker, escorted by six destroyers, two anti-aircraft ships, four corvettes, three minesweepers, four trawlers and two submarines; which it was hoped would discourage enemy attacks. On the same date, convoy QP-13 set sail from Arkhangelsk, Russia; it was consisted of 35 merchant ships and was escorted by 3 destroyers, 1 minesweeper, 4 corvettes, 1 anti-aircraft vessel, and 2 trawlers. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC, CPC]
  • German submarine U-404 sank Norwegian ship Moldanger 300 miles southeast of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States; 14 were killed, 30 survived. 650 miles east of the Virgin Islands, U-153 sank US ship Potlatch; 8 were killed, 47 survived; Potlatch was carrying a cargo of tanks, trucks, and supplies for the British forces fighting in Egypt. 250 miles east of Trinidad, U-128 sank US ship Polybius; 10 were killed, 34 survived. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-129 sank Mexican tanker Tuxpam with torpedoes (1 of 2 hit) and her deck gun 50 miles north of Veracruz, Mexico; 8 were killed, 31 survived. 20 miles west of Barbados, U-126 sank Norwegian tanker Leiv Eiriksson at 1055 hours; 4 were killed, 40 survived (2 of the survivors would die of their wounds at a hospital at Barbados). At 1525 hours, U-129 struck again, sinking Mexican tanker Las Choapas with a torpedo also about 50 miles north of Veracruz, Mexico; 4 were killed, 28 survived. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Two Australian Catalina flying-boats, on a night mission over the Lae-Salamaua area of Australian New Guinea lasting four hours, dropped eight 500-pound bombs, twenty 20-pound fragmentation bombs and four dozen empty beer bottles. The beer bottles falling through the air made a screeching sound which helped to terrorise the enemy and spoil his sleep. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • German 90th Light Division cut off the Allied forces at Mersa Matruh, Egypt as its troops reached Ras Hawala at 1900 hours. British commander Claude Auchinleck ordered his forces to fall back to Fuka 48 kilometers to the east; the withdraw was conducted with much confusion. German 21st Panzer Division surrounded New Zealand 2nd Infantry Division at Minqar Qaim, Egypt before sundown, but the New Zealand troops would be able to break out of the envelopment after dark with a bayonet charge. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • 144 British bombers (55 Wellington, 39 Halifax, 26 Stirling, 24 Lancaster) attacked Bremen, Germany, damaging the Atlas Werke and the Korff refinery, killing 7, and wounding 80; 9 bombers were lost on this mission. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The first two of many US Army instructors for the newly established Ramgarh Training Center in India arrived. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Ukraine
  • German Bf 109 fighters misidentified and shot down two friendly He 111 bombers of 8. Staffel of KG 55 over Volchansk, Kharkov Oblast, Ukraine. ww2dbase [CPC]
United States
  • Acting on information given by defected saboteur George Dasch, United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) agents captured two German saboteurs in Chicago, Illinois, United States. The FBI would soon announce to the public the capture of eight German saboteurs. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Jun 1942
Henry Arnold and James Doolittle at Bolling Field, Washington DC, United States, 27 Jun 1942Henry Arnold awarding Doolittle Raiders at Bolling Field, Washington DC, United States, 27 Jun 1942; note B-18 Bolo aircraft in backgroundDoolittle Raider Major John Hilger minutes after receiving his Distinguished Flying Cross, the fifth highest US combat decoration at the time, Bolling Field, Washington DC, United States, 27 Jun 1942Major General Millard Harmon awarding the Distinguished Flying Cross to Doolittle Raider Harold Watson, Walter Reed Hospital, Washington DC, United States, Jun 1942
See all photos dated 27 Jun 1942
27 Jun 1943
  • USS S-28 departed the Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, United States for the Aleutian Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • British Chiefs of Staff circulated the "German Long-Range Rocket: Evidence Received from All Sources" report with details of German rockets potentially capable of carrying 2 to 8 tons of high explosives. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Heinrich Himmler ordered a new procedure for testing the children born of Eastern European forced laborers; those tested racially inferior were to be left in inadequately-supplied centers for foreign children, where many of whom would die from malnutrition and lack of care. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Companies Q and P of the US Marine Corps 4th Raider Battalion arrived at Segi, New Georgia to join the remainder of the battalion which had already landed six days prior. They were immediately deployed to attack the small naval base at Viru Harbor. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The dams in the Ruhr region of Germany damaged by the 17 May 1943 British raid returned to full capacity. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS S-35 detected a Japanese freighter in the Kurile Islands but failed to close in on the ship due to the submarine's slow speed. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Jun 1943
Beaufighter Mk VIF aircraft of No. 272 Squadron RAF Coastal Command at Takali airfield, Malta, 27 Jun 1943
27 Jun 1944
  • USS Seahorse sank Japanese tanker Medan Maru and damage two other ships off Taiwan, hitting them with five of six torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Blenny was commissioned into service Lieutenant Commander W. H. Hazzard in command. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Guitarro arrived at Frementle, Australia, ending her first war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet units captured Orsha, Byelorussia on the Dneiper River, while near Vitebsk German LIII Korps was finally destroyed. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • Members of the Polish underground Armia Krajowa sent a messaged to the United Kingdom, noting that their intelligence suggested that the Germans were developing a rocket estimated to be 40 feet (12.2 meters) long and 6 feet (2.7 meters) wide. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • HMS Pink (Commander G. V. Legassick) was hit by a torpedo fired from the German submarine U-988 off the Normandy beaches, France, and was so badly damaged that she was declared as a constructive total loss. ww2dbase [AC]
  • A Finnish-German offensive east of Lake Leitimojärvi in Finland resulted in failure. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • In France, US troops captured Cherbourg while British forces took Hill 112 near Caen. Elsewhere in France, the British 3rd Infantry Division and tanks launched Operation Mitten to seize two German occupied chateaus, la Londe and la Landel; the evening assault was repulsed. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH, AC]
  • Troops of French Expeditionary Corps arrived at the Orcia River west of Lake Trasimene in Italy. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Marshall Islands
  • USS Yorktown (Essex-class) arrived at Eniwetok, Marshall Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | DS]
San Marino
  • British bombers attacked San Marino, killing 35. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Jun 1944
Captain Earl Topley looking at a German soldier who had killed three of his men before his own death, Cherbourg, France, 27 Jun 1944Major General Manton Eddy and another American officer speaking to a captured German officer, Cherbourg, France, 26-27 Jun 1944
27 Jun 1945
  • USS Caiman arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending third war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • HMCS Trillium was transferred to the British Royal Navy. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • French fighter ace Marcel Albert was appointed Commandeur de la Légion d'honneur. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Cero departed Guam, Mariana Islands for her eighth war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Baya fired six torpedoes at a Japanese vessel in the South China Sea; all torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Shamrock Bay arrived at San Pedro Bay in the Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Aleksandr Vadis was made the head of Soviet GSOVG Counterintelligence Directorate and P. I. Ivashutin was made the head of YuGV Counterintelligence Directorate. ww2dbase [CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 27 Jun 1945
Portrait of US President Harry Truman, 27 Jun 1945US Marines and US Army soldiers celebrating the capture of Hill 89, Okinawa, Japan, 27 Jun 1945; the hill was captured by US Army 7th Inf Div on 21 Jun
27 Jun 1946

  • Vi Kyuin "Wellington" Koo was named the Chinese Ambassador to the United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Trepang was decommissioned from service and entered the reserves at the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
27 Jun 1947
  • North Carolina was decommissioned from service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Washington was decommissioned from service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Robert Saundby was made a Grand Officer of the Order of Leopold II with Palms by Belgium. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
27 Jun 1957
  • Lieutenant Commander Thomas Auger became the commanding officer of USS Charr. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Mamoru Shigemitsu passed away. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
27 Jun 1958

United States
  • Shamrock Bay was struck from the US Navy Register. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
27 Jun 1970

United States
  • USS Yorktown (Essex-class) was decommissioned at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States and was put in the Philadelphia Group of the Atlantic Reserve Fleet. ww2dbase [Main Article | DS]
27 Jun 1974

United States
  • Charles Fenno Jacobs passed away in Englewood, New Jersey, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
27 Jun 1976

United States
  • Submarine Croaker was designated as a museum ship at Groton, Connecticut, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
27 Jun 1980

  • Walter Dornberger passed away in Obersasbach, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
27 Jun 1981

Photo(s) dated 27 Jun 1981
USS Cassin Young being dedicated as a memorial ship, Pier 1 East, Charlestown Navy Yard, Massachusetts, United States, 27 Jun 1981
27 Jun 2008

Photo(s) dated 27 Jun 2008
Winkel Type 2C air raid tower, Darmstadt, Hessen, Germany, 27 Jun 2008
27 Jun 2014

Photo(s) dated 27 Jun 2014
B-24 Liberator bomber Close-up of the nose of the B-18 bomber on display at the National Museum of the United States Air Force, Dayton, Ohio, United States, 27 Jun 2014Close-up of the tail gun of the B-17 Flying Fortress bomber on display at the National Museum of the United States Air Force, Dayton, Ohio, United States, 27 Jun 2014B-29 bomber
See all photos dated 27 Jun 2014

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Famous WW2 Quote
"Goddam it, you'll never get the Purple Heart hiding in a foxhole! Follow me!"

Captain Henry P. Jim Crowe, Guadalcanal, 13 Jan 1943