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122 mm Howitzer M1909/37 Field Gun

Country of OriginRussia
TypeField Gun
Caliber121.920 mm
Length1,690.000 mm
Weight1450.000 kg
Ammunition Weight21.76 kg
Rate of Fire2 rounds/min


ww2dbaseIn 1909, German manufacturing firm Krupp developed the 122 mm M1909 howitzer design, which was purchased in quantity by Russia and used in WW1. These weapons were taken over by the communist forces after the Russian communist revolution. In 1937, about 800 to 900 out of the 920 of these guns in the Russian arsenal were modernized by lengthening the chambers, installing new sights, and strengthening the carriages. The resulting products were re-designated 122 mm Howitzer M1909/37 field guns. By the end of the European War, all M1909 guns were modernized to the M1909/37 specifications. A large number of these weapons were captured by German forces in the early phases of the Russo-German War between 1941 and 1942, and some of them were placed in German service with the designation 12.2 cm le.F.H.386(r). The 20 to 30 guns captured by Finnish forces were also placed in use, with the designation 122 H/09-30; in 1940, the about 30 M1909 guns already in Finnish possession before the war were modernized in the exact same manner as the captured Russian examples, and were re-designated 122 H/09-40. Operators of these howitzers complained of their short range, limited towing speed due to unsprung wheels, and slow rate of fire, but generally liked their reliability and light-weight characteristics.

Source: Wikipedia.


Last Major Revision: May 2009

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