×
Home Intro People Events Equipment Places Maps Books Photos Videos Other Reference FAQ About
     

World War II Database

Li Shouxin file photo [19228]

Li Shouxin

SurnameLi
Given NameShouxin
Born11 Jul 1872
Died1 May 1970
CountryChina
CategoryMilitary-Ground
GenderMale

Contributor:

ww2dbaseLi Shouxin was born into a Mongolian family in the Inner Mongolia region of Qing Dynasty China in 1872. In 1919, he enlisted in the local warlord forces of Rehe Province, China. In 1922, he joined the forces of warlord Zhang Zuolin, reaching command at the regiment level. Between 1929 and 1930, now under the command of Zhang Zuolin's son Zhang Xueliang, he led troops against the successful campaign against the rebel forces of Gada Meiren in northern China. In late 1931, he fought against the Japanese and was personally credited with the downing of one Japanese aircraft. Throughout 1932, he was courted by the Japanese, and in Feb 1933, as the deputy commander of the 17th Cavalry Brigade, he surrendered to the Japanese. Immediately employed by the Japanese, he commanded Japanese-sponsored Mongolian troops based in Rehe Province. He participated in continuous campaigns against Chinese positions in Suiyuan and Chahar Provinces in the next two years, latter part of that time under the banner of the Japanese-sponsored puppet state of Manchukuo. In Feb 1936, Demchugdongrub organized a Japanese-sponsored Mongolian nationalist movement, and recruited the support of Li, who was given the position of the deputy commanding officer of the fledging army. In May 1936, he was named the chief of the staff of the newly formed Mongolian Military Government. In Oct 1937, the puppet state of Mengjiang was established with Demchugdongrub as the head of state; Li was named the commander-in-chief of the army. In Jan 1940, he represented Mengjiang in a meeting at Qingdao, Shandong Province, China, during which he negotiated with representative Zhou Fuhai from the puppet government at Nanjing for a possible merger between the two states. In Jun 1941, the Chinese puppet government annexed the Mongolian puppet government, and Inner Mongolia was granted the status of an autonomous region; Li was named the Deputy Chairman of the region. After Japan was defeated in 1945, Chiang Kaishek pardoned his collaborationist past and employed him as the commanding general of Chinese 10th Route Army, which ultimately would be routed by Chinese Communist forces in 1947. He fled to Taiwan with the defeated Nationalist government in 1949, but before long he would return to Inner Mongolia to join with his former superior Demchugdongrub, who was planning a nationalist movement in Inner Mongolia. He evaded Communist arrest in 1950 by escaping to Mongolia, only to be caught and extradited in Sep 1950. He was found guilty of treason against China for collaborating with the Japanese and was imprisoned. He was pardoned in 1964. He worked at a history museum in Hohhot, Inner Mongolia, China for several years. He passed away from sickness in the same city in May 1970.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia

Last Major Revision: Oct 2013

Li Shouxin Timeline

11 Jul 1872 Li Shouxin was born in the Inner Mongolia region of China.
1 May 1970 Li Shouxin passed away in Hohhot, Inner Mongolia, China.

Photographs

Portrait of Li Shouxin seen in Japanese publication Chairman Demchugdongrub of the Mengjiang puppet government with Li Shouxin and a Japanese officer, Inner Mongolia region of China, date unknown
See all 3 photographs of Li Shouxin



Did you enjoy this article? Please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 per month will go a long way! Thank you.

Share this article with your friends:

 Facebook
 Reddit
 Twitter

Stay updated with WW2DB:

 RSS Feeds




Posting Your Comments on this Topic

Your Name
Your Email
 Your email will not be published
Comment Type
Your Comments
Security Code
 

 

Note: We hope that visitor conversations at WW2DB will be constructive and thought-provoking. Please refrain from using strong language. HTML tags are not allowed. Your IP address will be tracked even if you remain anonymous. WW2DB site administrators reserve the right to moderate, censor, and/or remove any comment. All comment submissions will become the property of WW2DB.

Change View
Desktop View

Search WW2DB & Partner Sites
More on Li Shouxin
Event(s) Participated:
» Battle of Suiyuan
» Battle of Chahar

Li Shouxin Photo Gallery
Portrait of Li Shouxin seen in Japanese publication Chairman Demchugdongrub of the Mengjiang puppet government with Li Shouxin and a Japanese officer, Inner Mongolia region of China, date unknown
See all 3 photographs of Li Shouxin


Famous WW2 Quote
"Among the men who fought on Iwo Jima, uncommon valor was a common virtue."

Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, 16 Mar 1945