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Blohm und Voss shipyard file photo [28742]

Blohm und Voss

Type   Shipyard
Historical Name of Location   Hamburg, Germany

Contributor:

ww2dbaseBlohm und Voss was founded by Hermann Blohm and Ernst Voss in Hamburg, Germany as a shipyard and machinery factory. The shipyard was established on the island of Kuhwarder. Most of this land was swamp and cow pastures and would need months of work to build a firm foundation under the shipyard. The area measured 15,000 square meters with 250 meters of water frontage. There would be four slips initially with the ability to handle ships of 300 feet and they would launch into the North Elbe. The shipyard launched its first ship, freighter Castle, in 1879. In 1880, with business being slow, the company decided to build dry docks to attract repair and maintenance businesses. Drydock 1 was completed in early 1882. Between 1885 and 1887, two additional slips, measuring 120 meters each, were added. In 1885, a second drydock was put into operation. In May 1887, additional land was purchased, increasing the size of the facility to 77,546 square meters. Between 1887 and 1889, one additional slip was added, which brought the total to seven. In 1889, the seven slips were widened; during this process, four of the slips merged into two larger ones, thus making the total number of slips to five. In 1891, the facility area increased to 94,000 square meters. In 1905, Blohm und Voss worked out a new lease with the Hamburg Senate for additional land which totaled 560,000 square meters, including 3 kilometers of shoreline. In 1906, it signed an agreement with Parsons for turbines. The light cruiser SMS Dresden was the first ship to use the new turbines. In Nov 1907, slips 6, 7 and 8 were completed. In about 1908, dock 5, with 46,000-ton lifting capability, joined the shipyard. Between 1909 and Dec 1910, slip 9 and 10 were built; the scaffolding stood 68 meters tall and was watched over by the watch tower which was 78 meters tall. During WW1, Blohm und Voss saw several overs from the German Navy, including 98 submarines; other orders included merchant ships, large torpedo boats, and a light cruiser. Two battle cruisers were laid down but not completed prior to the end of WW1. In the 1920s, much like other German shipyards, Blohm und Voss saw very few orders. In 1942, Elbe 17, a large drydock, was completed; it measured 351 meters in length and 59 meters in width, and it was built for the construction of the planned H-class battleships. In Jul 1943, it suffered considerable damage due to Allied bombing. In 1944 a subcamp of Neuengamme concentration camp was established to provide forced laborers for the shipyard's use. During the war, the average number of employees at the Blohm und Voss was about 9,000. After the war, Blohm und Voss ceased production until 1950. At the time of this writing, the Blohm und Voss facilities are operated by the firm Lürssen.

Last Major Update: Jun 2019

Ships Constructed at Blohm und Voss

Ship NameYard NoSlip/Drydock NoOrderedLaid DownLaunchedCompleted
Orion486VII27 Mar 19309 Dec 1939
Gorch Fock495VI2 Dec 193214 Jan 19333 May 193323 Jun 1933
Tsingtau2 Aug 193321 Oct 19336 Jun 193424 Sep 1934
Grille21 Aug 193417 Jul 193415 Dec 193420 May 1935
F749817 May 193410 Jan 193525 May 193615 Feb 1937
F849917 May 193429 Jan 193527 Jul 19368 Apr 1937
Z14 Friedrich Ihn503II19 Jan 193530 Mar 19355 Nov 19359 Apr 1938
Z15 Erich Steinbrinck504III19 Jan 193530 May 193524 Sep 19368 Jun 1938
Admiral Hipper501VIII30 Oct 19346 Jul 19356 Feb 193729 Apr 1939
Z16 Friedrich Eckholdt505IV19 Jan 193514 Nov 193521 Mar 19372 Aug 1938
Horst Wessel508II1 Oct 193515 Feb 193613 Jun 193616 Jun 1936
Bismarck509IX16 Nov 19351 Jul 193614 Feb 193924 Aug 1940
Albert Leo Schlageter515II2 Jan 193715 Jul 193730 Oct 193710 Feb 1938
Micea51922 Sep 193822 Sep 193825 Jan 1939
Herbert Norkus524II1 Aug 19397 Nov 1939
H (Planned)525IX14 Apr 19394 Aug 1939 *1 Jul 1941 *1 Aug 1943 *
U-559III1 Feb 19408 Jan 194127 Feb 1941
P2 (Planned)VIII1 May 1940 *1 May 1942 *1 Oct 1943 *
U-575X1 Aug 194030 Apr 194119 Jun 1941
U-576X1 Aug 194030 Apr 194126 Jun 1941
U-577X1 Aug 194015 May 19413 Jul 1941
U-578X1 Aug 194015 May 194110 Jul 1941
M (Planned)526DryDocks IV & V25 May 19391 Oct 1940 *1 Oct 1942 *1 Apr 1944 *
P5 (Planned)VII1 May 1941 *1 May 1943 *1 Oct 1944 *
P11 (Planned)VIII15 May 19391 May 1942 *1 May 1944 *1 Oct 1945 *
P9 (Planned)VIII15 May 19391 May 1942 *1 May 1944 *1 Oct 1945 *
SP9 (Planned)VII1 Sep 1942 *1 Dec 1943 *1 Jun 1945 *
U-1011III23 Mar 194212 Mar 1943
O1 (Planned)VII1 Oct 19411 Jan 1944 *1 Jul 1945 *1 Jul 1946 *
U-2501VI6 Nov 19433 Apr 194412 May 194427 Jun 1944
U-2549VI6 Nov 19433 Dec 1944
R2 (Planned)IV1 Jun 19431 Aug 1945 *1 Feb 1947 *1 Feb 1948 *
N2 (Planned)VII1 May 19431 Sep 1945 *1 Mar 1947 *1 Mar 1948 *

* Projected dates; not actual

Slip/Drydock Utilization

[Con]: Construction; [FO]: Fitting Out



Blohm und Voss Interactive Map

Blohm und Voss Timeline

5 Apr 1877 Blohm und Voss was founded by Hermann Blohm and Ernst Voss in Hamburg, Germany as a shipyard and machinery factory. The shipyard was established on the island of Kuhwarder. Most of this land was swamp and cow pastures and would need months of work to build a firm foundation under the shipyard. The area measured 15,000 square meters with 250 meters of water frontage. There would be four slips initially with the ability to handle ships of 300 feet and they would launch into the North Elbe.
10 May 1879 The Blohm und Voss shipyard in Hamburg, Germany launched its first ship, freighter Castle.
4 Jul 1885 Drydock No. 2 at Blohm und Voss shipyard in Hamburg, Germany began operations.
7 May 1887 The Blohm und Voss shipyard in Hamburg, Germany purchased additional land, increasing the size of the facility to 77,546 square meters.
2 Aug 1933 The Blohm und Voss shipyard in Hamburg, Germany received the order to build tender Tsingtau.
21 Oct 1933 The keel of Tsingtau was laid down at the Blohm und Voss shipyard in Hamburg, Germany.
6 Jan 1934 Tsingtau was launched at the Blohm und Voss shipyard in Hamburg, Germany.
16 Nov 1935 The Blohm und Voss shipyard in Hamburg, Germany received the contract for laying down the hull of the future battleship Bismarck; the construction number was BV 509.
1 Jul 1936 The keel of the battleship Bismarck was laid down at Blohm und Voss shipyard in Hamburg, Germany.
14 Feb 1939 The German battleship Bismarck was launched at the Blohm und Voss shipyard, Hamburg, Germany.
1 Aug 1940 U-576 was laid down by the firm Blohm und Voss in Hamburg, Germany.
3 Apr 1944 The keel of U-2501 was laid down at the Blohm und Voss shipyard in Hamburg, Germany.
12 May 1944 U-2501 was launched at the Blohm und Voss shipyard in Hamburg, Germany.
1 Jul 1944 The Blohm und Voss shipyard in Hamburg, Germany began employing forced laborers provided by a subcamp of Neuengamme concentration camp.

Photographs

Blohm und Voss shipyard construction list, yard numbers 24 through 46, 1883-1886Blohm und Voss shipyard construction list, yard numbers 47 through 66, 1886-1889
See all 19 photographs of Blohm und Voss



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Modern Day Location
WW2-Era Place Name Hamburg, Germany
Lat/Long 53.5392, 9.9610
Blohm und Voss Photo Gallery
Blohm und Voss shipyard construction list, yard numbers 24 through 46, 1883-1886Blohm und Voss shipyard construction list, yard numbers 47 through 66, 1886-1889
See all 19 photographs of Blohm und Voss


Famous WW2 Quote
"Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few."

Winston Churchill, on the RAF