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9 Sep 1945
  • Americans began Operation Magic Carpet, the repatriation of servicemen, from the Pacific theater. Over the next six months, 369 warships would take 1.3 million men back to the United States. ww2dbase [AC]
  • USS Bailey arrived at Okinawa, Japan. ww2dbase [Bailey | DS]
  • At 0900 hours, the main Japanese surrender ceremony in China took place at the auditorium of the Central Military Academy in Nanjing, China. General Yasuji Okamura, Commander-in-Chief of Japanese Army's China Expeditionary Army, represented Japan; his delegation also included chief of staff of the China Expeditionary Army Asasaburo Kobayashi. General He Yingqin represented China. In pursuit of Chiang Kaishek's wishes to treat the Japanese with benevolence, the Chinese had wanted the ceremony to be taken place at a round table so that the Japanese representatives would be viewed as peers, but the American liaisons sent to Nanjing succeeded in preventing such a friendly gesture. General He was said to have apologized to Okamura, an old acquaintance at the Japanese Army Academy in the 1910s, for subjecting him to such an embarrassing arrangement forced by the Americans. As a part of the surrender agreement, Japanese troops in China were to remain in power to maintain order, to care for prisoners of war, and to guard important locations against Chinese Communists. ww2dbase [Japan's Surrender | Asasaburo Kobayashi | He Yingqin | Nanjing | CPC]
  • Leaders of various ethnic Mongolian groups in the Inner Mongolia area of China sent a letter to Choibalsan, expressing wishes for Inner Mongolia to be merged with Outer Mongolia. They asked Choibalsan to relay this wish to Joseph Stalin. ww2dbase [Suiyuan | CPC]
  • USS Nashville, as flagship for RAdm C. Turner Joy's Task Force 73, arrived on station at Shanghai, China to start 2 months of Yangtze River Patrols. ww2dbase [Nashville | Huangpu River, Shanghai | DS]
French Indochina
  • The main body of Chinese forces entered northern French Indochina under the command of General Lu Han in order to disarm the Chinese. A number of reports noted some emaciated Chinese officers and men engaging in the plunder of civilian property. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Lao Issara Army, with Viet Minh support, prevented French forces from entering Savannakhet, Laos. ww2dbase [Savannakhet, Laos | CPC]
  • Georgy Zhukov ordered his troops to stop committing crimes against the German civilian population; this order would be countermanded by Joseph Stalin on 20 Sep 1945 as the order was perceived to have failed to improve discipline. ww2dbase [Georgy Zhukov | CPC]
Japan Korea
  • Americans Vice Admiral Thomas Kinkaid and Lieutenant General John Hodge accepted the surrender of all Japanese forces in Korea in the General Government Building in Seoul, Korea. Unaware of previous Japanese-Korean agreements on the transfer of power, Hodge ordered the Japanese occupation administration to remain in place, triggering anger among Koreans. Realizing the mistake made in his ignorance, Hodge quickly rescinded his order. However, he refused to recognize any of the political organizations vying for power in Korea, solely relying on his own military administration to make decisions despite of his staff's less than perfect understanding of the political situation. ww2dbase [Japan's Surrender | Keijo General Government Building | Seoul | CPC]
Philippines Sarawak
  • Kamoi departed Miri, Sarawak at 0722 hours with a convoy escorted by destroyer Satsuki, submarine chaser CH-28, submarine chaser CH-30, and submarine chaser CH-33; Kamoi arrived in Brunei at 1900 hours. ww2dbase [Kamoi | Miri | CPC]
  • The Maruyama Temporary Prisoners of War Camp in Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan was closed. ww2dbase [Taihoku | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Sep 1945
The Japanese instrument of surrender signed in Nanjing, China on 9 Sep 1945Instrument of Surrender for the Japanese Second Army signed by Lt General Fusataro Teshima for the Japanese and General Sir Thomas Blamey for the Australian Military Forces, 9 Sep 1945 at Morotai.Yasuji Okamura and other Japanese officers at the surrender ceremony at the auditorium of the Chinese Military Academy, Nanjing, China, 9 Sep 1945The Allied victory parade, Nanjing Road, Shanghai, China, Sep 1945
See all photos dated 9 Sep 1945

9 Sep 1945 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Lt. Gen. Lewis B. "Chesty" Puller, at Guadalcanal

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