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8 Aug 1942
  • German submarine U-98 mined waters off Jacksonville, Florida, United States. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarines U-379 and U-176 attacked Allied convoy SC-94 485 miles southeast of the southern tip of Greenland in the afternoon; at 1325 hours, U-379 fatally damaged British merchant ship Anneberg and sank US merchant ship Kaimoku (50 survived); at 1518 hours, U-176 sank British merchant ship Kelso (3 were killed, 40 survived), sank British merchant ship Trehata (23 were killed, 25 survived), and disabled Greek merchant ship Mount Kassion (47 survived). British corvette HMS Dianthus counterattacked U-379 by ramming and depth charges, sinking the German submarine; 40 were killed, 5 survived. ww2dbase [Second Happy Time | TH, AC]
  • The Soviet Army launched a counter-offensive of Voronezh under Marshal Timoshenko. ww2dbase [TH]
  • The Bombay session of the All India Congress Committee passed the Quite India resolution, and Mahatma Gandhi gave the Quit India speech at Gowalia Tank park in central Bombay. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The Republic XP-47B prototype aircraft crashed during flight trials. ww2dbase [P-47 Thunderbolt | AC]
  • British submarine HMS Turbulent destroyed the hulk of Italian destroyer Strale, which had run aground intentionally on 21 Jun 1942, after being attacked by British torpedo bombers, to prevent sinking. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British submarine HMS Proteus sank Greek sailing vessel Firesia in the Aegean Sea south of Naxos island, Greece. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Italian submarine Morosini became missing in the Bay of Biscay west of France. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-601 entered the Kara Sea as a part of Operation Wunderland. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | CPC]
  • German 3rd Torpedo Boat Flotilla (T10, T13, and T14) began escorting oiler Ermland in an attempt to break out into the Atlantic Ocean. ww2dbase [Second Happy Time | T10 | T13 | T14 | Ermland | CPC]
  • USS S-31 arrived at Dutch Harbor, US Territory of Alaska, ending her third war patrol. ww2dbase [S-31 | Unalaska | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • Morosini made her final report in the Atlantic Ocean at 1100 hours, noting that she was estimated to arrive in the Bordeaux, France region around 0600 hours on 10 Aug 1942. This was to be her last signal. She went missing some time after this report, and all 58 aboard were never seen again. ww2dbase [Morosini | Second Happy Time | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • At Australian Papua, 3 companies of Australian 39th Battalion departed Deniki separately shortly after dawn to attack the Kokoda Track; Company A would recapture the airfield in the morning, but the other two companies' attacks would be repulsed. ww2dbase [New Guinea-Papua Campaign, Phase 2 | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • US Marines captured the unfinished Japanese Lunga Point Airfield at Guadalcanal at 1600 hours, which would later renamed Henderson Field by the Americans. The US Marines also captured Tulagi (307 Japanese killed, 3 Japanese captured, 45 Americans killed), Gavutu, and Tanambogo (476 Japanese killed, 20 Japanese and Koreans captured, 70 Americans killed) islands in the afternoon. ww2dbase [Henderson Field | Guadalcanal Campaign | Guadalcanal | TH, CPC]
  • Saburo Sakai, flying an A6M Zero fighter, shot down a F4F Wildcat fighter flown by James Southerland. His fighter was subsequently hit by gunner Harold Jones in a SBD-3 Dauntless dive bomber, blowing away the canopy, causing a gashing wound on his head that blinded him in one eye. He was able to fly his fighter back to Rabaul, New Britain, collapsing only after having successfully landed. ww2dbase [Saburo Sakai | Guadalcanal | CPC]
  • In the pre-dawn morning, 7 Japanese cruisers and 1 destroyer under Gunichi Mikawa departed Kavieng, New Ireland and Rabaul, New Britain, sailing south without being detected; after sundown, the force caught Allied warships by surprise off Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands; in the Battle of Savo Island, Japanese cruisers Chōkai, Aoba, Kako, Kinugasa, and Furutaka used Type 93 torpedoes and gunfire to sink US cruisers USS Quincy, Vincennes, and Astoria and Australian cruiser HMAS Canberra; 1,077 US personnel were killed in this battle (Canberra was badly damaged and was ultimately scuttled by a US destroyer). ww2dbase [Kinugasa | Kako | Canberra (County-class) | Quincy (New Orleans-class) | Astoria (New Orleans-class) | Vincennes | Type 93 | Aoba | Furutaka | Chokai | Guadalcanal Campaign | Savo Sound, Solomon Islands | CPC]
  • 26 Japanese G4M bombers and 12 Zero fighters based in Rabaul, New Britain attacked US ships off Guadalcanal at 1200 hours, damaging troop transport USS George F. Elliot and destroyer USS Jarvis (14 were killed); 18 G4M and 2 Zero aircraft were lost on this mission. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | CPC]
  • B-25 bombers of US 10th Air Force attacked Tianhe Airfield in Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China; they claimed to have shot down two Japanese fighters over Guangzhou. ww2dbase [Tianhe Airfield | Guangzhou, Guangdong | CPC]
  • USS New Mexico made rendezvous with Task Force 17 in the Hawaiian Islands for exercises. ww2dbase [New Mexico | CPC]
  • USS Narwhal sank Japanese fishing boat Bifuku Maru 5 miles off the northeastern tip of Honshu island, Japan. ww2dbase [Narwhal | CPC]
  • Gato-class submarine USS Silversides intercepted a convoy leaving Kobe, Japan. The submarine torpedoed and sank merchant ship Nikkei Maru. ww2dbase [Silversides | Kii Suido | CPC]
  • Katori arrived at Yokosuka, Japan and was drydocked at the Yokosuka Naval Arsenal. ww2dbase [Yokosuka Naval Arsenal | Katori | Yokosuka, Kanagawa | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS S-38 spotted Japanese transport Meiyo Maru escorted by a destroyer about 8 miles off of Cape St. George. At 2324 hours, she fired two torpedoes, scoring both hits, sinking Meiyo Maru 8 minutes later; 353 were killed. S-38 survived the depth charging by the destroyer after the attack. ww2dbase [S-38 | CPC]
Taiwan United Kingdom United States
  • Six of the eight captured Nazi German saboteurs were executed in Washington DC, United States. The other two, George Dasch and Ernst Burger, were granted special treatment (30 years imprisonment and life imprisonment, respectively) by US President Franklin Roosevelt for their earlier cooperation that led to the capture of the other six. ww2dbase [Washington | TH, CPC]
  • The Federal Grand Jury investigation on newspaper Chicago Tribune revealing classified military intelligence information made headlines on major US newspapers. Inadvertently this might have led to, though not proven, the changing of Japanese Navy radio communications encryption on 14 Aug 1942. ww2dbase [Battle of Midway and the Aleutian Islands | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 8 Aug 1942
Japanese G4M aircraft making a torpedo run against the American Guadalcanal-Tulagi invasion force, 8 Aug 1942Ellet and Australia maneuvered between Tulagi and Guadalcanal, 8 Aug 1942Saburo Sakai being helped out of his aircraft after he made a 4+ hour flight to base with a serious injuries, Rabaul, New Britain, Solomon Islands, 8 Aug 1942Floating Japanese G4M1 bomber off Tulagi, Solomon Islands, 8 Aug 1942 as seen from the destroyer USS Ellet. The bomber was shot down during an aerial torpedo attack on the Allied shipping off Tulagi. Photo 1 of 2
See all photos dated 8 Aug 1942

8 Aug 1942 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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"With Germany arming at breakneck speed, England lost in a pacifist dream, France corrupt and torn by dissension, America remote and indifferent... do you not tremble for your children?"

Winston Churchill, 1935

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