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1 Jan 1944
  • General Mark Clark became the commander of US Fifth and Seventh Armies. ww2dbase [Mark Clark | TH]
  • Robert Saundby was made a Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire. ww2dbase [Robert Saundby | CPC]
  • The Japanese Navy 11th Air Fleet was reorganized to contain two air flotillas, one air group, one seaplane tender, and two destroyers. The 13th Air Fleet was assigned to the Southwest Area Fleet with two air flotillas and one air group. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Light carrier Hosho was assigned to Training Force of the 5th Force. ww2dbase [Hosho | CPC]
  • Heinrich Prinz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein was named the commanding officer of Nachtjagdgeschwader 2. ww2dbase [Heinrich | CPC]
  • George Giffard was made a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath. ww2dbase [George Giffard | CPC]
  • L├ęon Degrelle was promoted to the rank of SS-Hauptsturmf├╝hrer. ww2dbase [L├ęon Degrelle | CPC]
  • Hartwig von Ludwiger was promoted to the rank of Generalleutnant. ww2dbase [Hartwig von Ludwiger | CPC]
  • U-821 was assigned to the 4th Submarine Flotilla; Ulrich Knackfuss was named her commanding officer, relieving Ernst Fischer. ww2dbase [U-821 | CPC]
  • The US 1688th Detachment was renamed 5307th Composite Regiment (Provisional) with Colonel Charles Hunter in command. It was to be downgraded from a regiment to a unit within hours. ww2dbase [Charles Hunter | CPC]
Australian New Guinea Australian Papua
  • 500th Bomb Squadron (flying B-25 aircraft) of USAAF 345th Bomb Group was transferred from Port Moresby to Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. ww2dbase [Dobodura Airfield | Dobodura | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Naka departed Truk, Caroline Islands and took damaged transport Kiyozumi Maru in tow southwest of Truk. ww2dbase [Naka | Truk | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • USS Ray sank Japanese converted gunboat Okuyo Maru in the mouth of Ambon Bay, Dutch East Indies, hitting her with 3 of 6 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Ray | Amban | CPC]
French Indochina French Syria and Lebanon
  • Syria gained independence from France. ww2dbase [Syria | CPC]
Germany Greece
  • Alexandros Sakellariou's retirement date was later changed to this date on 4 Sep 1946. ww2dbase [Alexandros Sakellariou | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: More of 76th Construction Battalion (76th SeaBees) arrived. More of 72nd Construction Battalion (72nd SeaBees) arrived. Five officers and 240 men of the 56th Construction Battalion (56th SeaBees) departed. ww2dbase [Barbers Point Naval Air Station | Ewa, Oahu | DS]
  • The Brigata Marina naval infantry unit of the pro-Allied government in southern Italy was renamed "San Marco". ww2dbase [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Finback sank a Japanese tanker in the East China Sea, hitting her with 5 of 6 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Finback | East China Sea | CPC]
  • USS Puffer sank Japanese freighter Ryuyo Maru and damaged another ship south of the Philippine Islands at about 0300 hours; she expended 7 torpedoes and observed 4 hits. ww2dbase [Puffer | CPC]
  • Soviet forces closed to within 30 miles of the pre-war Soviet-Polish border in Ukraine. ww2dbase [AC]
United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy RA-55A arrived at Loch Ewe, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | Loch Ewe, Scotland | CPC]
  • Just three years after its creation the short lived Reconnaissance Corps was officially absorbed into the Royal Armoured Corps of the British Army. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Colonel Donald Blakeslee took control of USAAF 4th Fighter Group at RAF Debden in North Essex, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Debden, England | CPC]
United States
  • USS Pintado was commissioned into service, Lieutenant Commander Bernard A. Clarey in command. ww2dbase [Pintado | CPC]
  • Dwight Eisenhower arrived in Washington DC, United States where he and his wife would take a brief break from the war. ww2dbase [Dwight Eisenhower | Washington | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Jan 1944
USS San Diego off San Francisco, California, United States, 1 Jan 1944, photo 1 of 2USS San Diego off San Francisco, California, United States, 1 Jan 1944, photo 2 of 2Princeton off Puget Sound Navy Yard, Washington, 1 Jan 1944, 1 of 3Princeton off Puget Sound Navy Yard, Washington, 1 Jan 1944, 2 of 3
See all photos dated 1 Jan 1944

1 Jan 1944 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Winston Churchill, on the RAF

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