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World War II Database

26 Jun 1857

United Kingdom
  • Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom presented the Victoria Cross award for the first time at Hyde Park, London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [CPC]
10 Jul 1886

United Kingdom
  • John Vereker was born in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
17 Nov 1887

United Kingdom
  • Bernard Montgomery was born in Kennington, London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
2 Nov 1893

United Kingdom
  • Victor Crutchley was born in Chelsea, London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
27 Oct 1894

United Kingdom
  • Oliver Leese was born in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
16 Nov 1896

United Kingdom
  • Oswald Mosley was born at 47 Hill Street, Mayfair, London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
7 Feb 1897

United Kingdom
  • Maxwell Newman was born at 54 Lamont Road, Chelsea, London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
12 Sep 1908

United Kingdom
  • Winston Churchill married Clementine Hozier at the Church of St Margaret, Westminster Abbey, London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
19 May 1909

United Kingdom
  • Nicholas Winton was born in Hampstead, London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
21 Feb 1910

United Kingdom
  • WW2 RAF fighter ace Douglas Bader was born at St. John's Wood, London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
22 Feb 1911

United Kingdom
  • Lord Gort married Corinna Vereker at the Guards Chapel, Wellington Barracks, London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
22 Jun 1911

United Kingdom
  • Haiqi and her crew attended the coronation ceremony of King George V of the United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • King George V of the United Kingdom was crowned. ww2dbase [AC]
29 Sep 1911

United Kingdom
  • Reginald Jones was born in Herne Hill, London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
23 Jun 1912

United Kingdom
  • Alan Turing was born in Maida Vale, London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
3 Sep 1913

United Kingdom
  • Lord Gort was appointed the aide-de-camp to General Officer Commanding London District Francis Lloyd. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
2 Apr 1914

United Kingdom
  • Alec Guinness de Cuffe was born in Paddington, London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
12 Mar 1915

United Kingdom
  • The British Foreign Secretary, Sir Edward Grey, signed a secret pact with the Russian Ambassador in London, England, United Kingdom giving Russia the right to post-war control of Constantinople and the Turkish Straits, in return for recognition of British and French aspirations in the remainder of the Ottoman Empire. ww2dbase [AC]
31 May 1915

United Kingdom
  • The first airship raid was made on London, England, United Kingdom by German Army Zeppelin LZ 38. Bombs fell on the East End of the capital, killing seven civilians and injuring at least fourteen more. ww2dbase [AC]
28 Nov 1916

United Kingdom
  • A German L.V.G. C.II aircraft flown by Deck Offizier R. Brandt dropped six bombs near Victoria railway station in central London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [AC]
19 Feb 1917

United Kingdom
  • The US Ambassador in London, England, United Kingdom was briefed by Reginald "Blinker" Hall, head of the top secret Room 40, about the contents of the intercepted Zimmermann telegram. ww2dbase [AC]
20 Mar 1917

United Kingdom
  • Dame Vera Lynn, the popular World War II singer and actress, was born at East Ham, London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [AC]
25 May 1917

United Kingdom
  • A fleet of 23 German Gotha G.IV bombers commanded by Hauptmann Ernst Brandenburg set out to bomb London, England, United Kingdom, but on reaching the Thames River ran into bad weather and diverted to find an alternative target. The English coastal town of Folkestone was thronged with shoppers when the German aircraft struck. Ninety-five civilians were killed and the air raid cause widespread panic among a populace who now believed that Germany could rain death from the skies over Britain unopposed. The Germans lost two aircraft. ww2dbase [AC]
13 Jun 1917

United Kingdom
  • At midday German Gotha bombers launched from bases in Belgium bombed London, England, United Kingdom, killing 162 civilians and injuring 432. Daily air raids would continue for a month, largely unopposed by the RNAS and Royal Flying Corps. The effect on civilian morale was considerable and damaging, and worker's productivity levels plummeted. The psychological impact was perhaps as damaging to Britain as the loss of life and physical destruction caused by the falling bombs. ww2dbase [AC]
25 Jan 1918

United Kingdom
  • The first aeroplane to be shot down by a night fighter was a German Gotha brought down by British Captain G. H. Hackwell and Lieutenant C. C. Banks during a raid on London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [AC]
11 May 1920

United Kingdom
  • Oswald Mosley married Lady Cynthia Curzon, the daughter of British Foreign Secretary George Curzon, at St James's Palace in London, England, United Kingdom. Their guests included King George V of the United Kingdom and King Leopold III of Belgium. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
29 Jun 1921

United Kingdom
  • In Britain, Lady Randolph Churchill died at her London home from gangrene that had set in following the amputation of a leg after a fall. ww2dbase [AC]
28 Feb 1922

United Kingdom
  • Princess Mary, The Princess Royal, married Viscount Lascelles at Westminster Abbey, London, England, United Kingdom. The Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (the future Queen Elizabeth) was one of the bridesmaids. ww2dbase [AC]
19 Oct 1922

United Kingdom
  • A rebellion by Conservative Party Members of Parliament at the Carlton Club in London, England, United Kingdom resulted in a decision to end the Coalition government of Lloyd George. The Prime Minister, who had already lost the support of his influential Foreign Minister, Lord Curzon, was forced to resign, never to return as a major figure in party politics. ww2dbase [AC]
26 Apr 1923

United Kingdom
  • Prince Albert, Duke of York, married the Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon at Westminster Abbey, London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [AC]
30 Oct 1923

United Kingdom
  • Former British Prime Minister Bonar Law died in London, England, United Kingdom from throat cancer. ww2dbase [AC]
25 Mar 1925

United Kingdom
  • John Logie Baird gave the first public demonstration of television at Selfridges department store in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [AC]
21 Apr 1926

United Kingdom
  • Princess Elizabeth (later Queen Elizabeth II) was born at Mayfair, London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [AC]
8 Jun 1929

United Kingdom
  • Miss Margaret Grace Bondfield (born 1873) became the first woman to hold a (minor) British government post as Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Labour in the Labour government of Ramsay MacDonald. ww2dbase [AC]
20 Sep 1931

United Kingdom
  • A run on the pound caused by panic in the London Stock Market led to the British national government abandoning the Gold Standard. ww2dbase [AC]
13 Apr 1933

United Kingdom
  • The London Passenger Transport Board was established by the British Transport Minister Herbert Morrison (who would later be the Home Secretary during the Churchill premiership). ww2dbase [AC]
7 Jun 1934

United Kingdom
  • At a large British Union of Fascists rally, attended by 15,000 people who had come to hear Oswald Mosley speak, including some 2,000 Blackshirts acting as stewards, at the Olympia Stadium in London, England, United Kingdom a couple of thousand communist infiltrators heckled to the point where open mass brawling broke out when hecklers were removed by the stewards. This resulted in such bad publicity that the party lost support from many of its influential supporters, who defected away in protest of Mosley's ever more radical and authoritarian methods. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
28 Nov 1934

United Kingdom
  • Winston Churchill warned the House of Commons that should Britain be attacked by hostile forces from the air, as many as 40,000 Londoners would be lost in the first week of war. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
16 Jul 1936

United Kingdom
  • An attempt was made to assassinate British King Edward VIII in London, England, United Kingdom. An Irish malcontent, Jerome Brannigan (otherwise known as George Andrew McMahon), produced a loaded revolver as the King rode on horseback at Constitution Hill, near Buckingham Palace. Police spotted the gun and pounced on him; he was quickly arrested. At Brannigan's trial, he alleged that "a foreign power" had approached him to kill Edward, that he had informed MI5 of the plan, and that he was merely seeing the plan through to help MI5 catch the real culprits. The court rejected the claims and sent him to jail for a year. ww2dbase [AC]
9 Sep 1936

United Kingdom
  • The Non-Intervention Committee met for the first time in London, England, United Kingdom. It was created to prevent personnel and matériel reaching the warring parties of the Spanish Civil War. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
4 Oct 1936

United Kingdom
  • Battle of Cable Street: In Britain, Sir Oswald Ernald, 6th Baronet, Mosley, led around 2,000 BUF members in uniform in a march through the East End (an area of London known to have a high proportion of Jewish residents and much poverty) in an attempt designed to intimidate local Jews and rally fascist sympathisers. This was a fatal mistake, for waiting for him in Cable Street were around 100,000 counter-demonstrators who had overturned a lorry and piled up bricks as a barricade. The police seeing what was about to happen ordered Moseley and his men to turn away. They did. The police then turned on the anti-fascist demonstrators and in the ensuing fracas more than a hundred people were injured and eighty arrested. This confrontation was just as disastrous to the BUF as the Olympia rally had been. Moderates deserted in droves. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
30 Oct 1936

United Kingdom
  • The Crystal Palace, which was built in Hyde Park, London, England, United Kingdom for the Great Exhibition in 1851, was destroyed by fire. ww2dbase [AC]
31 Oct 1936

United Kingdom
  • The Jarrow Marchers arrived in London, England, United Kingdom. This protest was the best remembered of the hunger marches of the depression years. Led by their Labour Party Member of Parliament Ellen Wilkinson (1891-1947), 200 shipyard workers marched to London from Jarrow as a demonstration against the massive unemployment in northeastern England. ww2dbase [AC]
12 Nov 1936

United Kingdom
  • During a debate in the House of Commons, Winston Churchill attacked the British government for its slow progress on rearmament. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
9 Apr 1937

United Kingdom
  • A Ki-15/Karigane aircraft, named "Kamikaze", landed in London. The flight from Tokyo to London broke the world record, while "Kamikaze" became the first Japanese aircraft to fly over Europe. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
11 May 1937

Photo(s) dated 11 May 1937
King George VI of the United Kingdom with Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King at the Buckingham Palace, London, England, United Kingdom, 11 May 1937
12 May 1937

United Kingdom
  • The coronation of King George VI took place at Westminster Abbey, London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 May 1937
Ba Maw in traditional Burmese clothing at King George VI coronation, Westminster Abbey, London, England, United Kingdom, 12 May 1937
17 May 1937

Photo(s) dated 17 May 1937
King George VI, Queen Elizabeth, and the Princesses Elizabeth and Margaret of the United Kingdom appear on the balcony of Buckingham Palace on the king’s coronation day, London, England, United Kingdom, 12 May 1937
3 May 1938

United Kingdom
  • The German diplomats in London, England, United Kingdom reported that the British and the French were likely to support the German bid for the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia in order to avoid war. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
23 May 1938

United Kingdom
  • German Ambassador Herbert von Dirksen in London, England, United Kingdom noted that Germany had no intention of military aggression over Czechoslovakia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
7 Sep 1938

United Kingdom
  • The newspaper Times of London published an editorial suggesting that Czechoslovakia had much to gain in terms of achieving ethnic homogeneity should it allowed Sudetenland to secede. Once again, leader of the Sudeten Nazi Party Konrad Henlein announced that he would cut off communications with the Czechoslovakian government. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
16 Sep 1938

United Kingdom
  • Neville Chamberlain departed Germany and returned to London, England, United Kingdom. In the evening, he held a cabinet meeting to discuss the German demands on Czechoslovakia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
30 Sep 1938

United Kingdom
  • Upon returning to the United Kingdom, outside 10 Downing Street in London, Chamberlain announced that "I believe it is peace for our time". ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
20 Nov 1938

United Kingdom
  • Queen Maud of Norway passed away from heart failure at the age of 68 following surgery in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [AC]
21 Mar 1939

United Kingdom
  • French President Albert Lebrun visited London, England, United Kingdom. British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain attempted to persuade Lebrun to enter into a British-French-Polish alliance to contain Germany; a similar proposal was also sent to the Polish leadership via the British ambassador in Warsaw, Poland, but the Polish responded coolly. On the same day, in Berlin, Germany, German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop expressed that if Poland continued to not agree with German demands for Danzig and if Poland continued to resist signing the Anti-Comintern Pact, then the present German-Polish friendship would deteriorate. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
6 Apr 1939

United Kingdom
  • The 30 Mar 1939 British-French-Polish agreement to mutually guarantee each others' borders was signed into a formal treaty in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
16 Apr 1939

United Kingdom
  • The Soviet ambassador in Britain made the final attempt to form some kind of alliance between the United Kingdom, France, and the Soviet Union to contain German aggression. ww2dbase [CPC]
26 Jun 1939

United Kingdom
  • The British Royal Navy and the British Foreign Office reported that Britain could only break the Japanese blockade on the British concession in Tianjin, China by deploying warships to the area. However, given the current tensions with Germany, such a deployment would not be advisable. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
15 Jul 1939

United Kingdom
  • Roger Backhouse passed away from a brain tumor in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
20 Jul 1939

United Kingdom
  • British Foreign Secretary Halifax met with Swedish businessman Birger Dahlerus in London, England, United Kingdom, telling him to approach Hermann Göring for possible Anglo-German negotiations to avoid war. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
28 Jul 1939

United Kingdom
  • The German embassy in London, England, United Kingdom reported to the Foreign Ministry in Berlin, Germany that the British was attempting to start talks with the Soviet Union. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
1 Aug 1939

United Kingdom
  • German Ambassador to Britain Herbert von Dirksen reported to the Foreign Ministry in Berlin, Germany that the British-Soviet talks did not seem to be proceeding well. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
24 Aug 1939

United Kingdom
  • The Emergency Powers (Defence) Bill was passed by the British Parliament, which bill was renewed on an annual basis throughout the war. In theory all existing laws were set aside. In future Ministers and departments would issue new regulations as Orders in Council, which would have the force of law. The Government was empowered to enter and search premises; to prosecute and punish offenders, detaining indefinitely and without trial those whose detention "appears expedient"; and to suspend or alter any existing laws. ww2dbase [AC]
31 Aug 1939

United Kingdom
  • Evacuation order for London civilians orders given by the United Kingdom Ministry of Health, to be executed on the next day, with special note stressing that it did not necessarily meant war was inevitable. ww2dbase [CPC]
3 Sep 1939

United Kingdom
  • British Member of Parliament Winston Churchill became the First Lord of the Admiralty, a post he had held during the Great War. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • At 1115 hours, British Prime Minsiter Neville Chamberlain announced over radio that because Germany had failed to withdraw troops from Poland by 1100 hours, a state of war now existed between the United Kingdom and Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 3 Sep 1939
King George VI of the United Kingdom delivering his radio address announcing Britain’s entry into the war with Germany, Buckingham Palace, London, England, UK, Sept 3, 1939 [staged press photo].Typed script of the radio address King George VI of the United Kingdom delivered announcing Britain’s entry into the war with Germany, Buckingham Palace, London, England, UK, Sept 3, 1939. Page 1 of 2.Typed script of the radio address King George VI of the United Kingdom delivered announcing Britain’s entry into the war with Germany, Buckingham Palace, London, England, UK, Sept 3, 1939. Page 2 of 2.
8 Sep 1939

United Kingdom
  • King George VI of Britain suggested to Lord Hankey, Minister without Portfolio, that the Government might not reject any German peace proposals out of hand, but should instead say that "We are prepared to discuss terms with the German people, but not with Hitler or his regime". ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
9 Sep 1939

United Kingdom
  • British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain's cabinet planned for a 3-year war. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
7 Nov 1939

United Kingdom
  • German plans for the Western Offensive were passed to the Czechoslovakian government-in-exile in Britain by a double agent. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
28 Dec 1939

United Kingdom
  • The British Ministry of Food announced that sugar would be rationed from 8 Jan 1940 and meat from a date still to be fixed. The Minister of Food William Morrison said this would release foreign exchange and provide shipping space for the importation of armaments and raw materials. ww2dbase [AC]
23 Jan 1940

United Kingdom
  • MI5 debriefed NKVD defector Walter Krivitsky at the Langham Hotel in London, England, United Kingdom. The former Soviet resident agent in Holland would describe over hundred Soviet agents working in Europe, including sixteen who were British subjects. Yet the single officer tasked with investigating the claims failed to spot, among those named, MI6 traitor Kim Philby. ww2dbase [AC]
26 Jan 1940

United Kingdom
  • Believing that Germany would not be able to directly attack Britain, about half of the 750,000 children evacuated from London, England, United Kingdom since Sep 1939 had returned to their homes in the city. ww2dbase [CPC]
1 Feb 1940

United Kingdom
  • In the British House of Commons, Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain declined to accept a suggestion by Herbert Morrison that a Minister of War Economy should be appointed on the grounds that such a post would do nothing which was not already being done. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
22 Feb 1940

United Kingdom
  • Irish Republican Army bombs injured 12 in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [TH]
23 Feb 1940

United Kingdom
  • The citizens of London, England, United Kingdom cheered the officers and men of HMS Exeter and HMS Ajax as they returned from South American waters. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
14 Mar 1940

United Kingdom
  • British Foreign Minister Lord Halifax began to ask Finland to return some of the supplies that the British had given to Finland for the Winter War. He retracted the request shortly after Finnish Ambassador to London G. A. Gripenberg reminded him that Finland had paid for the relatively small amount of goods that Britain offered. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
26 Mar 1940

United Kingdom
  • The British War Cabinet debated French Prime Minister Reynaud's proposal of attacking Soviet oilfields at Baku on the Caspian Sea and Soviet shipping in the Black Sea. Agreeing with the British Prime Minister Chamberlain, the proposals were rejected by the cabinet. ww2dbase [CPC]
24 Apr 1940

United Kingdom
  • British House of Commons approved a trade agreement with Spain; it was the first since the Spanish Civil War. ww2dbase [TH]
1 May 1940

United Kingdom
  • British government passed a trade union agreement which allowed women to work in munitions factories. ww2dbase [TH]
5 May 1940

United Kingdom
  • Norway established a government-in-exile in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [TH]
13 May 1940

United Kingdom
  • The Dutch Royal Family and the Dutch government arrived in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [CPC]
14 May 1940

United Kingdom
  • Winston Churchill told American Ambassador to the United Kingdom Joseph Kennedy that even if Britain was to be conquered by Germany, the British government would continue the fight from Canada with the Royal Navy. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
15 May 1940

United Kingdom
  • In London, England, United Kingdom, at a British cabinet meeting attended by Winston Churchill, Archibald Sinclair, Lord Beaverbrook, and Cyril Newall, Air Chief Marshal Hugh Dowding argued the case for expanding the strength of RAF Fighter Command to 52 squadrons for the immediate air defence of Britain. Despite his insistence that no more squadrons should be sent to France orders were still given to send four more squadrons to France. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
22 May 1940

United Kingdom
  • In London, England, United Kingdom, a Home Morale Emergency Committee was set up to advise the Ministry of Information on how to combat defeatism in Britain. Its chairman was the diplomat, author and wit, Mr. (later Sir) Harold Nicolson, a junior Minister for Information. Another member of the board was the Director of the National Gallery and future Television presenter, Kenneth (later Lord) Clark. ww2dbase [AC]
18 Jun 1940

United Kingdom
  • British Prime Minister Winston Churchill made the "the Battle of France is over... I expect that the Battle of Britain is about to begin" speech before the House of Commons. "Let us therefore brace ourselves to our duties, and so bear ourselves that, if the British Empire and its Commonwealth last for a thousand years, men will still say, 'This was their finest hour'." On the same day, Churchill wrote to the Commander-in-Chief Home Forces asking for ideas for the creation of "Storm Troops" to be "ready to spring at the throat of any small landing or descent"; secretly he intended to use such a force as the basis for Commando raids on the continent. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC, AC]
22 Jun 1940

United Kingdom
  • In Britain, the second evacuation plan by the London County council resulted in over 100,000 children being evacuated to the west. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Charles de Gaulle broadcast a speech from London, England, United Kingdom on the BBC; in this broadcast, he used the term Free French for the first time, while declaring himself the French leader in exile. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • British Foreign Secretary Halifax had his undersecretary Richard Butler contact Swedish Minister in London, England, United Kindom Björn Prytz for a possible Anglo-German negotiations. Germans intercepted Prytz's report back to Stockholm and concluded that the war with Britain was likely to end by the end of the summer. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
1 Jul 1940

United Kingdom
  • The Free French government-in-exile established its own Military Intelligence Service under Major André Dewavrin - Service de Renseignements. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Winston Churchill recorded in his diary that during a meeting with the US Ambassador, Joseph Kennedy had stated that Britain was beaten and that Adolf Hitler would be in London by the 15th of August. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
4 Jul 1940

United Kingdom
  • Winston Churchill received his first standing ovation in the House of Commons as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after delivering a speech justifying the attack on French warships. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
14 Jul 1940

United Kingdom
  • Free French leader Charles de Gaulle celebrated Bastille Day at the Cenotaph in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
15 Jul 1940

United Kingdom
  • The United States Marine Corps established the Marine Detachment, London in Britain, consisted of the 12th Marine Company. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Resulting from a debate in the British Parliament on 10 July 1940 in which some members had argued that internment of foreign aliens was wasteful of human resources and was bringing Britain's reputation into disrepute, it was announced that internment of enemy aliens would stop immediately except for a few special cases. Over the rest of the year and into the next large number of internees would be released with just a small number, who were still considered to be a danger to national security, remaining caged for the remainder of the war. ww2dbase [AC]
18 Jul 1940

United Kingdom
  • The United Kingdom recognized the Czechoslovakian government-in-exile in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [CPC]
19 Jul 1940

United Kingdom
  • Prime Minister Winston Churchill made a proposal to the British War Cabinet suggesting the creation of Special Operations Executive (SOE) to conduct unscrupulous, underhand methods to be pursued against Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
21 Jul 1940

United Kingdom
  • Edvard Beneš established the Czechoslovakian government-in-exile in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
22 Jul 1940

United Kingdom
  • The British War Cabinet approved the 19 Jul 1940 document by Neville Chamberlain to create the new secrete Special Operations Executive (SOE) organization. ww2dbase [TH, CPC]
  • British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs Lord Halifax rejected Adolf Hitler's proposal for peace of 19 Jul 1940. "No one here wants the war to go on for a day longer than is necessary. But we shall not stop fighting until freedom, for ourselves and others, is secure." This was a departure from his previous stance, urging Winston Churchill to negotiate a peace with Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
24 Jul 1940

United Kingdom
  • Reports of the Lancastria disaster (which was sunken by air attack on 17 Jun 1940 with 1,738 killed) were released in London, England, United Kingdom after Winston Churchill lifted the media ban. ww2dbase [CPC]
31 Jul 1940

United Kingdom
  • American ambassador in London, England, United Kingdom Joseph Kennedy relayed to US Secretary of State Cordell Hull another request from British Prime Minister Winston Churchill for destroyers. "If we cannot get reinforcement," Churchill noted, "the whole fate of the war may be decided by this minor and easily remediable factor." ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
3 Aug 1940

United Kingdom
  • Two Japanese businessmen were arrested in London, England, United Kingdom. In response to a protest by the Japanese Ambassador, the authorities denied that their arrest was a reprisal for the arrest of British citizens in Japan six days prior. ww2dbase [AC]
11 Aug 1940

United Kingdom
  • British Commander-in-Chief Middle East Major General General Wavell was in London, England, United Kingdom to discuss the defense of British colonies in Africa and the Middle East. Seeing events in Somaliland and expecting an Italian attack on Egypt, Winston Churchill's War Cabinet made a far-reaching decision to send tanks to defend the vital Suez Canal. Despite the ongoing threat of invasion, 150 tanks (about half the total in Britain), 48 anti-tank guns, 48 field guns, and 20 Bofors anti-aircraft guns were ordered to Egypt. ww2dbase [CPC]
15 Aug 1940

United Kingdom
  • US Assistant Chief of Naval Operations Rear Admiral Robert L. Ghormley, US Army Air Corps Major General Delos C. Emmons, and US Army Brigadier General George V. Strong arrived in London, England, United Kingdom for an informal meeting with British officers. ww2dbase [CPC]
20 Aug 1940

United Kingdom
  • British Prime Minister Winston Churchill made the "Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few" speech in the House of Commons in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | CPC]
21 Aug 1940

United Kingdom
  • The United Kingdom House of Commons authorized foreign troops of occupied nations to conduct training in Britain under their own flags. ww2dbase [TH]
22 Aug 1940

United Kingdom
  • Harrow in northwest London, England, United Kingdom received a German bomb at 0330 hours, the first to fall within the borders of the London Civil Defence Area. After daybreak, bad weather once again prevented large German raids. At 0900 hours, German 38-centimeter guns at Cape Gris Nez, France shelled the convoy "Totem" in the Strait of Dover for 80 minutes, but no ships were hit. At 1300 hours, German Ju 88 bombers, escorted by Bf 109 fighters, attacked the same convoy, but were engaged by Spitfire fighters of No. 54 Squadron and Hurricane fighters of No. 610 Squadron; 1 Ju 88, 1 Spitfire, and 1 Hurricane aircraft were shot down, wit the Hurricane fighter shot down by friendly fire. In the evening, the 38-centimeter gun fired again, this time at the city of Dover; British 14-inch gun "Winnie" returned fire. From 1830 hours through the night, German bombers raided British cities, including Aberdeen, Bristol, and Hull. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Winston Churchill visited RAF Kenley in southern London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
24 Aug 1940

United Kingdom
  • Before dawn, the London Blitz began as a misguided group of German bombers of KG1 unloaded their bombs London's Thames Haven oil terminal, which also damaged the church of St. Gile in East End; Göring demanded to know the crews that did this so to punish them. Clear weather allowed the German attacks to restart in size. German bombers arrived in waves against RAF Hornchurch, RAF North Weald, and RAF Manston in southern England; the Germans lost 22 fighters and 18 bombers, while the British lost 20 fighters. At 1600 hours, 50 German aircraft bombed Portsmouth in southern England, killing 100 civilians and wounding a further 300, while damaging HMS Acheron (killing 2, wounding 3) and HMS Bulldog (killing the commanding officer) in the harbor. Overnight, deliberate bombing of London, England, United Kingdom began, hitting north, east, and west of the city. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
7 Sep 1940

United Kingdom
  • The Luftwaffe bomb St. Mary's Hospital, London, England, United Kingdom which was caring for wounded soldiers, killing two nurses and five patients. Nurse Agatha Joan Credland was buried in an unmarked grave in her home village of Sturton by Stow. Seventy-six years after her death the local historical society were able to find her burial site and a memorial service was held in the village attended by around 40 family members along with many local residents. A headstone, funded by West Lindsey District Council, would be erected at the location. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Sep 1940
German He 111 bomber over Surrey Docks, London, England, United Kingdom at 1700 hours on 7 Sep 1940, photo 1 of 2German He 111 bomber over Surrey Docks, London, England, United Kingdom at 1700 hours on 7 Sep 1940, photo 2 of 2
8 Sep 1940

United Kingdom
  • At 1200 hours, 20 German bombers escorted by 30 Bf 109 fighters flew for London, England, United Kingdom, but the group was intercepted by British fighters; 3 German bombers and 1 German fighter were shot down at the cost of 4 British fighters. At 1930 hours, 30 German bombers dropped incendiary bombs on London, causing fires for the purpose of marking target zones for bombers that would arrive during the night. The night time raid saw bombs dropped on East End in London once more; 3 of the German night raiders were shot down by anti-aircraft guns. Meanwhile, the British War Cabinet was convinced that the German invasion of Britain would take place very soon. The warnings passed to local Home Forces commanders led to many church bells across England being rung as some commanders thought the invasion had already started; some of them went as far as blowing up bridges. Finally, on this day, the British government declared the National Day of Prayer. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 8 Sep 1940
Smoke rising from the Surrey Docks, London, England, United Kingdom, 8 Sep 1940, the morning after the opening night of “The Blitz” bombings as seen from London Bridge. Note Tower Bridge silhouetted against the smoke.
9 Sep 1940

United Kingdom
  • A large German raid crossed the English Channel at 1700 hours and flew toward London, England, United Kingdom in two pincers. Unexpectedly, a British "Big Wing" formation came to intercept, shooting down 29 bombers and 21 Bf 109 fighters and prevented most of the German bombers from reaching London. The British lost 20 fighters (6 pilots killed) in the battle. Overnight, London was heavily bombed. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
12 Sep 1940

United Kingdom
  • Bad weather restricted German activity to small reconnaissance flights over Britain during the day. Overnight, 50 bombers attacked London, England, United Kingdom. St. Paul's Cathedral was hit by a bomb which failed to detonate; Royal Engineers Lieutenant R. Davies and Sapper J. Wylie were later awarded the George Cross for defusing this bomb. On this night when two of the German bombers were shot down, London searchlight and anti-aircraft gun crews attempted to improve their coordination. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lieutenant Robert Davies' company of the British Royal Engineers successfully removed an unexploded one-ton bomb from the southwestern corner of St. Paul's Cathedral in London, England, United Kingdom and then brought it to the countryside to detonate it. Davies and fellow sapper George Wylie were awarded the George Cross medals. ww2dbase [CPC]
14 Sep 1940

United Kingdom
  • At 1530 hours, 150 German aircraft crossed the coast for London, England, United Kingdom; another 100 approached at 1800 hours. Most bombers were unable to reach their targets due to British fighter opposition. Overnight, there was little bombing of London. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
15 Sep 1940

United Kingdom
  • Hans-Joachim Marseille scored his fourth kill, a British Hurricane fighter, over southeastern London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
19 Sep 1940

United Kingdom
  • Bad weather restricted aerial activity during the day, thus the Germans only launched reconnaissance missions. 5 Ju 88 bombers dispatched on reconnaissance missions were lost, including one that was forced to land at RAF Oakington at 1500 hours due to engine trouble. Overnight, London, England, United Kingdom was bombed several times between 2000 hours and midnight. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
20 Sep 1940

United Kingdom
  • Three waves of German Bf 109 fighters totaling over 100 aircraft flew across the English Channel for London, England, United Kingdom; they successfully lured out British fighters and shot down 7 of them (killing 4 pilots) at the cost of 2 of their own. Overnight, London was attacked by German bombers. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
25 Sep 1940

United Kingdom
  • The British government conceded public defeat with a declaration to the press that the use of London tube stations as air raid shelters has been officially recognised. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
27 Sep 1940

United Kingdom
  • Hans-Joachim Marseille shot down his 6th kill, a British Hurricane fighter, over London, England, United Kingdom. In doing so, he abandoned his duty as wingman to flight leader Staffelkapitän Adolf Buhl, and Buhl would happen to be shot down in combat in this engagement. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
28 Sep 1940

United Kingdom
  • Nearly half a million mothers and children began evacuating London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [AC]
8 Oct 1940

United Kingdom
  • Czech-born fighter ace Sergeant Josef Frantisek of No. 303 "Warsaw-Kosciuszko" Squadron RAF was killed when his Hurricane crashed whilst landing at RAF Northolt at Ruislip near London, England, United Kingdom. At the time of his death Frantisek had a score of 17 kills and had been awarded the British Distinguished Flying Medal. Posthumously he was commissioned lieutenant, and awarded a Bar to his DFM, the Czech Military Cross, the Polish Cross of Valour (with three bars) and the Polish Virtuti Militari. ww2dbase [AC]
Photo(s) dated 8 Oct 1940
Londoners taking shelter in an underground train tunnel during the ‘Blitz,’ London, England, United Kingdom, 8 Oct 1940.
15 Oct 1940

Photo(s) dated 15 Oct 1940
A London bus after falling into a massive bomb crater in the center of Balham High Road, London, England, UK, Oct 15 1940.
16 Oct 1940

United Kingdom
  • Two ARP rescue workers who helped themselves to £16 they found in a bombed-out house were each jailed for 12 months at the Old Bailey in central London, England, United Kingdom for looting. ww2dbase [AC]
26 Oct 1940

United Kingdom
  • The German Luftwaffe conducted the longest night time raid on London, England, United Kingdom to date. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
28 Oct 1940

United Kingdom
  • Prime Minister Winston Churchill of Britain pledged support for Greece against the Italian invasion. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | CPC]
  • An additional 489,000 children had been evacuated from the greater London area in England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [TH]
31 Oct 1940

United Kingdom
  • According to a British Air Ministry pamphlet published in 1941, this date was the official end of the Battle of Britain, but bombings on London, England, United Kingdom would continue. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
3 Nov 1940

United Kingdom
  • The British capital of London experienced the first night in 57 nights without seeing any bombing. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
7 Nov 1940

United Kingdom
  • US diplomat Tyler Kent, a cipher clerk at the American Embassy in Britain, was convicted of espionage by the Central Criminal Court at the Old Bailey, London, England, United Kingdom and sentenced to seven years imprisonment. ww2dbase [AC]
14 Nov 1940

United Kingdom
  • Neville Chamberlain's funeral was held at Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, or Westminster Abbey, in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
29 Dec 1940

United Kingdom
  • 244 German Luftwaffe bombers dropped 30,000 incendaries on the historic city center of London, England, United Kingdom, destroying the London Guildhall and eight Wren churches. St. Paul's Cathedral, however, was saved by clergymen who successfully prevented the flames on the roof from spreading. In the aftermath the Government ordered that "fire-watchers" be stationed on all factories, offices, and shops to act as spotters to provide early warning. This order proved to be very unpopular with Trade Unions. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 29 Dec 1940
St. Paul
12 Feb 1941

United Kingdom
  • British Foreign Secretary and Chief of Imperial General Staff left London, England, United Kingdom for Cairo, Egypt to coordinate military assistance to Greece. They were also trying to create an anti-Axis agreement, which would soon be rebuffed by Yugoslavia and Turkey. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
2 Mar 1941

United Kingdom
  • The United Kingdom severed diplomatic relations with Bulgaria. ww2dbase [TH]
9 Mar 1941

United Kingdom
  • German aircraft bombed London, England, United Kingdom overnight, damaging Buckingham Palace and destroying the underground nightclub Café De Paris; 80 patrons were killed at the latter. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
19 Mar 1941

United Kingdom
  • 370 German Luftwaffe aircraft bombed London, England, United Kingdom, killing 750. Several freighters and auxiliary anti-aircraft ship Helvellyn were sunk or damaged in London docks. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
3 Apr 1941

United Kingdom
  • Winston Churchill warned Joseph Stalin (via the Soviet ambassador in London, England, United Kingdom) German troop movements into Poland detected by British intelligence. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
17 Apr 1941

United Kingdom
  • King Petar II of Yugoslavia arrived at London, England, United Kingdom via Athens, Greece. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The bombing of London, England, United Kingdom which began on the previous date ended before dawn. 1,179 were killed. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
19 Apr 1941

United Kingdom
  • 712 German bombers conducted a heavy raid on London, England, United Kingdom starting in the evening hours. Although the primary target was the London docks, the Old Place School in Poplar, East London, which was being used as a sub-fire station, was struck by a stray bomb, killing 13 London firefighters of both genders and 21 male Beckenham firemen; it was the largest single loss of firefighters in British history. The bombing continued past midnight. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
20 Apr 1941

United Kingdom
  • The bombing of London, England, United Kingdom which began on the previous date ended before dawn; 449 were killed. Via a speech made in Ireland, Irish Prime Minister Eamon De Valera protested the German bombing of Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom; "they are our people", he said, "we are one and the same people, and their sorrows in the present instance are also our sorrows". ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
28 Apr 1941

United Kingdom
  • Winston Churchill, without reference to the Chiefs of Staff, issued a directive stating that there is no need at the present time to make provisions for the defence of Malaya and Singapore. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | AC]
10 May 1941

United Kingdom
  • German bombers mounted what would turn out to be the last major raid on London, England, United Kingdom. Low tide on the River Thames made firefighting difficult as it was harder to draw water, thus fires caused more damage than usual. The Houses of Parliament were among the buildings damaged during this night. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
16 May 1941

United Kingdom
  • German bombers conducted what would turn out to be the last major raid against London, England, United Kingdom, as most Luftwaffe units were being transferred to the Eastern Front. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
11 Jun 1941

United Kingdom
  • Sir Staffrord Cripps, the British envoy to Moscow, returned to London for consultation, but his departure left a suspicious Joseph Stalin assuming that Winston Churchill (who he distrusted) might be preparing some Byzantine move designed to leave the Soviet Union isolated to face any possible Nazi invasion. ww2dbase [AC]
23 Jun 1941

United Kingdom
  • The Southern Railway Central Station in London, England, United Kingdom, damaged by German bombing over the night of 21 to 22 Jun 1941, was cleared of debris and returned to full operational status. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
8 Jul 1941

United Kingdom
  • A Soviet military mission arrived in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [TH]
10 Jul 1941

United Kingdom
  • Traitor George Armstrong was hanged at Wandsworth prison in London, England, United Kingdom following his conviction for communicating with, and offering assistance to, the German consul in Boston, Massachusetts, United States. ww2dbase [AC]
12 Jul 1941

United Kingdom
  • Four days after the Soviet military mission arrived in London, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union signed an agreement of mutual assistance, noting that neither country would negotiate a separate peace with the Axis powers. ww2dbase [TH]
15 Jul 1941

United Kingdom
  • The US Marine Corps activated the Marine Detachment at the American Embassy in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [CPC]
18 Jul 1941

United Kingdom
  • The Soviet Union signed a friendship treaty with the Czechoslovakian government-in-exile in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [CPC]
19 Jul 1941

United Kingdom
  • Winston Churchill decided to share military intelligence gained by deciphering the German Enigma-encoded messages with the Soviets, but the Soviets would not be told how the intelligence was gained; instead, they were told that the intelligence was gained through a spies in Berlin. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
20 Jul 1941

United Kingdom
  • Brendan Bracken was named the British Minister of Information. ww2dbase [CPC]
15 Aug 1941

United Kingdom
  • German parachutist Josef Jakobs, captured in Britain on 1 Feb 1941, was executed by firing squad at the Tower of London in England, United Kingdom at 0715 hours. He was the last person to be executed at that site. ww2dbase [CPC]
31 Aug 1941

United Kingdom
  • A mixed-gender anti-aircraft battery with 200 men and an equal number of women was established, with great public interest, in Richmond Park, London, England, United Kingdom. The women were the first to take a combat role in Britain. ww2dbase [AC]
3 Sep 1941

United Kingdom
  • Canadian Lieutenant-General Arthur Grasett MC, DSO (1888-1971), the former General Officer Commanding in Hong Kong, suggested to the Chiefs of Staff in London, England, United Kingdom that with the addition of two or more battalions, the colony's garrison would be strong enough to resist, for an extensive period, any Japanese seige. He further affirmed that Canada might be prepared to provide the battalions. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
29 Oct 1941

United Kingdom
  • Winston Churchill visited the Harrow School in London, England, United Kingdom, which he attended in his younger days. In a speech there, he gave the advice "Never yield to force; never yield to the apparently overwhelming might of the enemy." ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
7 Dec 1941

United Kingdom
  • Winston Churchill had lunch with Duchess of Marlborough Alexandra Mary Cadogan and her son Marquess of Blandford John Spencer-Churchill. He had dinner with US Ambassador John Gilbert Winant and W. Averell Harriman; after dinner, they learned of the Japanese raid on Pearl Harbor in the US Territory of Hawaii. He would later write that he "slept the sleep of the saved and thankful", relieved that the United States was finally in the war, and Britain was no longer alone. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
8 Dec 1941

United Kingdom
  • United Kingdom declared war on Japan. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The French government-in-exile in Britain declared war on Japan. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The Dutch government-in-exile in Britain declared war on Japan. ww2dbase [CPC]
13 Jan 1942

United Kingdom
  • The Allied conference in London, England, United Kingdom pledged to punish Axis war criminals after the war. ww2dbase [CPC]
21 Jan 1942

United Kingdom
  • The German Luftwaffe resumed bombing London, England, United Kingdom and a number of southern British ports. ww2dbase [TH]
27 Jan 1942

United Kingdom
  • Winston Churchill opened a three-day Parliamentary debate in London, England, United Kingdom on the course of the war. ww2dbase [CPC]
19 Feb 1942

United Kingdom
  • Major changes were made to the British War Cabinet. Sir Stafford Cripps became Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the House of Commons. Mr. Clement Atlee became Secretary for the Dominions and Mr. Oliver Lyttleton was appointed Minister of State with special responsibilities for all branches of production. Outgoing Ministers of the Cabinet were Lord Beaverbrook, Sir Kingsley Wood and Mr. Arthur Greenwood. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
8 Mar 1942

United Kingdom
  • An annoyed Winston Churchill, not satisfied with Cairo's reasons for not attacking at Gazala, summoned the British C-in-C Middle East back to London, England, United Kingdom to "confer with him about the situation". ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
9 Mar 1942

United Kingdom
  • Admiral Harold Stark, formerly the American Chief of Naval Operations, was appointed as Commander of the United States Naval Forces in European waters with his headquarters in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
16 Mar 1942

United Kingdom
  • Soviet ambassador in London, England, United Kingdom expressed wish for a second front in Europe. ww2dbase [CPC]
14 Apr 1942

United Kingdom
  • In a speech at a meeting with Franklin Roosevelt's representatives in London, England, United Kingdom, General Alan Brooke on behalf of the Chiefs-of-Staff Committee insisted that it must be essential to hold the Japanese and to ensure that there should be no junction between them and the Germans that could gravely threaten Allied oil supplies from the Persian Gulf. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
20 May 1942

United Kingdom
  • Vyacheslav Molotov, the Soviet Minister for Foreign Affairs, met with Winston Churchill in London, England, United Kingdom and demanded to be told the date of the Second Front when British troops would again land in Europe. Churchill tried to explain that the time was not appropriate for an attack against fortress Europe (Dunkirk was still fresh in his mind and he had no desire to repeat the performance) until Britain was strong enough in arm, men and assault craft for such an ambitious operation. Angrily Molotov declared that he was not satisfied with Churchill's excuses and threatened to come to terms with the Germans unless the Allies came to the assistance of the Soviet Union immediately. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
26 May 1942

United Kingdom
  • The United Kingdom and the Soviet Union signed a treaty in London, England, United Kingdom, with terms including the agreement that neither party would seek a separate peace with Germany, a 20-year alliance, the refusal to join any treaty against one another, and the pledge not to interfere in each other's internal affairs. ww2dbase [CPC]
14 Jun 1942

United Kingdom
  • The King, Queen, and Princesses of the United Kingdom and the heads of a number of Allied countries attended a United Nations Day ceremony. The flags of 22 states were honoured during a march past Buckingham Palace in London, England, United Kingdom by representatives of the British armed forces, civil defence organisations and war workers. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
25 Jun 1942

United Kingdom
  • Major General Dwight D. Eisenhower arrived in London, England, United Kingdom and was appointed the Commander of US Forces in Europe. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • In the Palace of Westminster in London, England, United Kingdom, Winston Churchill's critics, led by Sir John Wardlaw-Milne, embarked on a vote on no-confidence in the Prime Minister. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
6 Aug 1942

United Kingdom
  • Alan Brooke declined Winston Churchill's offer of the appointment to head Middle East Command, telling the Prime Minister that there would be no time to reorganise the Imperial General Staff and that he had no knowledge of desert warfare. Secretly he confided in his diary that he felt he would serve better by remaining in his present post in order to exercise some control over the Prime Minister's wilder schemes and, also, to prevent Claude Auchinleck from thinking that he had come out on purpose to work his way into the latter's shoes. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
22 Sep 1942

Photo(s) dated 22 Sep 1942
Female worker at the B. T. H. factory in Neasden Lane, Willesden in London, England, United Kingdom writing messages on a Covenanter tank of British Guards Armoured Division, 22 Sep 1942
23 Oct 1942

United Kingdom
  • Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt arrived in London, England, United Kingdom for a three-week visit as guest of King George VI. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
3 Nov 1942

United Kingdom
  • Merchant seaman Duncan Scott-Ford was hanged at Wandsworth prison in London, England, United Kingdom following his conviction for selling information to the enemy. ww2dbase [AC]
17 Nov 1942

United Kingdom
  • British Admiral Max Horton was appointed Commander-in-Chief Western Approaches Command with his Headquarters at Northways, North London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [AC]
3 Jan 1943

United Kingdom
  • President Wladyslaw Raczkiewicz of the Polish government-in-exile in London, England, United Kingdom urged Pope Pius XII to denounce German atrocities against the Jews. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
7 Jan 1943

United Kingdom
  • British murderer Harry Dobkin is hanged at Wandsworth Prison in London, England, United Kingdom. Dobkin had murdered his wife whose mutilated body he had dumped in a badly damaged Baptist chapel near where he was a fire watcher, in the hope that she would appear to be another unidentified victim of the Blitz. He confessed to his crime after examination of the remains indicated death by strangulation. ww2dbase [AC]
20 Jan 1943

United Kingdom
  • German fighter-bombers made a surprise daylight attack on London, England, United Kingdom during which bombs were dropped on a school in Lewisham killing 39 children and five teachers. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • The German Luftwaffe was forced to abandon any further hit-and-run fighter-bomber raids on London, England, United Kingdom after five Fw 190 aircraft were lost within half an hour to the RAF Manston based Typhoon fighters of Wing Commander Roland Beamont's No. 609 Squadron. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
24 Jan 1943

United Kingdom
  • Glyndwr Michael, homeless and suffering from mental illness, was found dead in an abandoned warehouse in King's Cross, London, England, United Kingdom after consuming rat poison which contained phosphorus; it was unknown whether he had committed suicide or simply ate what he thought was thrown-away food laced with the poison for the purpose of pest control. The discovery of his remains was reported to MI5 per previous request for such a body. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Feb 1943

United Kingdom
  • In the British House of Commons 121 Ministers of Parliament (97 Labour members and including former prime minister David Lloyd George in his last ever vote in the House) condemned the Government for its failure to back the Beveridge Report. ww2dbase [AC]
21 Feb 1943

United Kingdom
  • The Red Army's 25th anniversary was celebrated in London, England, United Kingdom with a massed gathering at the Albert Hall. Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden represented the government while other notable celebraties present included Dame Sybil Thorndike and Commander Ralph Richardson RNVR. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
3 Mar 1943

United Kingdom
  • British anti-aircraft gunners used a new rocket projectile for the first time during an air raid on London, England, United Kingdom. Civilians descending into a new tube station at Bethnal Green to take cover became panicked by the unfamiliar sound and, believing they were being bombed, stampeded down the stairs. In the crush someone stumbled causing others to fall. Those behind, not being able to see what was happening below continued to press forward, and soon 300 bodies were piled up. Tragically 173 people were crushed to death or suffocated. For the sake of public morale, news of the tragedy was suppressed for another two years. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
10 Mar 1943

United Kingdom
  • Group Captain Sidney Bufton replaced Air Commodore J. W. Baker as the Director of Bomber Operations at the Air Ministry in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [AC]
11 Mar 1943

United Kingdom
  • The royalist Yugoslavian government-in-exile in London, England, United Kingdom reported that German forces had executed 1,250 Serbians in Belgrade, Yugoslavia. ww2dbase [CPC]
18 Mar 1943

United Kingdom
  • Oswald Mosley and Diana Mosley received Norah Elam and Dudley Elam while in imprisonment in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
22 Mar 1943

United Kingdom
  • Two captured German generals spoke of plans for long range missiles in a room in Kensington Park Gardens, London, England, United Kingdom, not realizing that the room had been bugged. ww2dbase [CPC]
31 Mar 1943

United Kingdom
  • Replying to a question from Member of Parliament Richard Stokes, the Air Minister, Sir Archibald Sinclair, told the British House of Commons that Bomber Command's targets were always of a military nature, but that bombing of military targets would necessarily involve bombing areas in which they were situated. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
16 Apr 1943

United Kingdom
  • The first night fighter attack on London, England, United Kingdom, carried out by thirty Focke-Wulf 190 aircraft, turned into a farce. Only two bombs hit the city, and four German pilots got lost, thought that they were over France and landed at West Malling RAF fighter base in Kent where three were taken prisoner and one was killed crash-landing. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
21 Apr 1943

United Kingdom
  • An attempt was made to assassinate General Charles de Gaulle when the Wellington bomber flying him to Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom was sabotaged at RAF Hendon. The pilot detected the elevator controls had been cut just before take-off and aborted the flight. At the time, the incident was hushed up and blamed on German intelligence but de Gaulle never flew by plane in Britain again. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
12 May 1943

United Kingdom
  • Polish Jewish leader Samuel Zygelbojm committed suicide in London, England, United Kingdom as an expression of solidarity with the Jewish resistance fighters in Warsaw. "By my death I wish to make my final protest against the passivity with which the world is looking on and permitting the extermination of the Jewish people", he wrote in his suicide note. ww2dbase [CPC]
5 Jun 1943

Photo(s) dated 5 Jun 1943
UK Prime Minister Winston Churchill in Downing Street, London, England, United Kingdom, 5 Jun 1943; he had just returned from the US after a meeting with Roosevelt
14 Jun 1943

Photo(s) dated 14 Jun 1943
An Iranian, a Chinese, and two British officers in conversation during the United Nations Day Parade, London, England, United Kingdom, 14 Jun 1943
19 Jul 1943

United Kingdom
  • Winston Churchill suggested using icebergs as floating airfields. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
4 Aug 1943

United Kingdom
  • Orde Wingate arrived in London, England, United Kingdom and was told that he would accompany Winston Churchill to Canada. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
26 Aug 1943

United Kingdom
  • The French Committee of National Liberation headed by General de Gaulle, which was based in Britain, was recognised by Britain, the United States and Russia. ww2dbase [AC]
6 Sep 1943

United Kingdom
  • Reginald McKenna passed away in London, England, United Kingdom. He had been Prime Minister Herbert Henry Asquith's Home Secretary, then Chancellor of the Exchequer, during the early part of the Great War, before becoming the Chairman of the Midland Bank in 1918. ww2dbase [AC]
23 Sep 1943

United Kingdom
  • King George VI cabled Chiang Kaishek, informing the Chinese leader that Louis Mountbatten would soon be dispatched to Chinese to discuss an Anglo-American-Chinese joint offensive against Japanese forces in Burma. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
2 Oct 1943

United Kingdom
  • Winston Churchill cabled Chiang Kaishek, informing the Chinese leader that Louis Mountbatten would soon be dispatched to Chinese to discuss an Anglo-American-Chinese joint offensive against Japanese forces in Burma. This followed another message dated 23 Sep 1943 from King George VI regarding the same topic. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
21 Oct 1943

United Kingdom
  • Dudley Pound passed away from brain tumor at the Royal Masonic Hospital in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
17 Nov 1943

United Kingdom
  • The British government announced that Sir Oswald Mosley, well-known British fascist, was to be released from imprisonment due to health reasons, to public protest. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH, CPC]
20 Nov 1943

United Kingdom
  • British Fascist Sir Oswald Mosley and Lady Diana Mosley were released from imprisonment. They would stay with Lady Diana's sister Pamela Mitford after their release, followed shortly after by a stay at the Shaven Crown Hotel in Shipton-under-Wychwood. He then purchased Crux Easton, near Newbury, England, United Kingdom, with Diana. He and his wife became the subject of much media attention, but the war had ended what remained of his political reputation. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC, CPC]
29 Jan 1944

United Kingdom
  • Luftwaffe bombers attacked London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
1 Feb 1944

Photo(s) dated 1 Feb 1944
Bradley, Ramsay, Tedder, Eisenhower, Montgomery, Leigh-Mallory, and Smith at a SHAEF conference in London, England, United Kingdom, 1 Feb 1944, photo 1 of 7Bradley, Ramsay, Tedder, Eisenhower, Montgomery, Leigh-Mallory, and Smith at a SHAEF conference in London, England, United Kingdom, 1 Feb 1944, photo 6 of 7Bradley, Ramsay, Tedder, Eisenhower, Montgomery, Leigh-Mallory, and Smith at a SHAEF conference in London, England, United Kingdom, 1 Feb 1944, photo 5 of 7Bradley, Ramsay, Tedder, Eisenhower, Montgomery, Leigh-Mallory, and Smith at a SHAEF conference in London, England, United Kingdom, 1 Feb 1944, photo 2 of 7
See all photos dated 1 Feb 1944
9 Feb 1944

United Kingdom
  • George Bell, Bishop of Chichester, in a speech in the House of Lords in Britain openly criticised the Government over the bombing of German cities. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
18 Feb 1944

United Kingdom
  • The German Luftwaffe's "Little Blitz" continued as London, England, United Kingdom was bombed again. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
16 Mar 1944

United Kingdom
  • British civilian Oswald Job was hanged at Pentonville Prison in Islington, London, England, United Kingdom for spying. ww2dbase [CPC]
24 Mar 1944

United Kingdom
  • 90 German bombers attacked London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
4 Apr 1944

United Kingdom
  • Going against precedence, British Foreign Office banned foreign embassies located in Britain from sending coded messages, and stated that diplomatic pouches were subject to censorship, with the exception of British allies. ww2dbase [TH]
27 Apr 1944

United Kingdom
  • Canadian and New Zealand prime ministers arrived in London, England, United Kingdom for the Imperial Conference. ww2dbase [TH]
28 Apr 1944

United Kingdom
  • The South African and Rhodesian prime ministers arrived in London, England, United Kingdom for the Imperial Conference. ww2dbase [TH]
29 Apr 1944

United Kingdom
  • Australian Prime Minister John Curtin arrived in London, England, United Kingdom for the Imperial Conference. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
1 May 1944

United Kingdom
  • The Yugoslavian partisan leader Tito's mission arrived in London, England, United Kingdom to discuss cooperation with the Allies and gained official recognition. ww2dbase [TH]
11 May 1944

United Kingdom
  • In an address delivered to both Houses of Parliament in the Palace of Westminster in London, England, United Kingdom, Mackenzie King, Prime Minister of Canada, stated that Canada's fight would be a fight to the finish and that the Canadian people would not relax until the monstrous conspiracy of the Fascist Powers to dominate and enslave the world had been eliminated. He further declared that once the war in Europe was ended, Canadian forces would join the other Allies for the final assault on Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
7 Jun 1944

United Kingdom
  • Henry Arnold arrived in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Jun 1944

United Kingdom
  • A V-1 flying bomb struck the Guards Chapel across from Buckingham Palace in London, England, United Kingdom during worship services, killing 119. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
16 Jul 1944

United Kingdom
  • The Polish government-in-exile in London, England, United Kingdom published a paper which laid claim to the German territory of East Prussia and the Free City of Danzig; the paper also reasserted the territory that the Germans called "Polish Corridor" was to remain within Polish borders. ww2dbase [CPC]
3 Aug 1944

Photo(s) dated 3 Aug 1944
As seen from the Fleet Street rooftops, a V-1 Flying Bomb strikes near Kings Way or Drury Lane with the Law Courts towers in the foreground, London, England, United Kingdom, 3 Aug 1944. Photo 1 of 2.As seen from the Fleet Street rooftops, a V-1 Flying Bomb strikes near Kings Way or Drury Lane with the Law Courts towers in the foreground, London, England, United Kingdom, 3 Aug 1944. Photo 2 of 2.
5 Aug 1944

United Kingdom
  • Louis Mountbatten arrived in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
1 Sep 1944

United Kingdom
  • British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden responded to Chaim Weizmann's 6 Jul 1944 request, rejecting Weizmann's request to bomb rail lines leading to Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
7 Sep 1944

United Kingdom
  • British Member of Parliament Duncan Sandys, Winston Churchill's son-in-law who had been made responsible for coordinating the defences against the V-1 flying bombs, confidently predicted that "Except fot a few shots, the Battle for London is over". It was not within a day the V-2s (the second of Adolf Hitler's secret weapons) would begin to fall on the British capital. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | AC]
12 Sep 1944

United Kingdom
  • One of the four German V-2 rockets launched on this date hit Chrysler vehicle works in Mortlake Road, Kew, southwestern London, England, United Kingdom. 8 were killed, 14 were wounded, and property damage was significant. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
14 Sep 1944

United Kingdom
  • Three German V-2 rockets hit Britain. One of them hit the center of Walthamstow, London, England, United Kingdom at 0455 hours, killing six immediately and another one later from wounds. The resulting crater was 50 feet wide and 10 feet deep. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
28 Sep 1944

United Kingdom
  • During a speech in the House of Commons, Winston Churchill condemned Bulgaria, reminding the members that Bulgarians have been responsible for many war crimes in Greece and Yugoslavia, and that (as far as Great Britain was concerned) they were not welcome as co-belligerents, until they demonstrate atonement for their former misdeeds. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
20 Oct 1944

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit Croydon, London, England, United Kingdom, killing 6 and seriously injuring 14. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
26 Oct 1944

United Kingdom
  • A German V-2 rocket hit Palmers Green Station in North London, England, United Kingdom at 1845 hours; detonating next to a stationary train, it seriously injured 15 people, while 38 suffered minor injuries. Elsewhere, another rocket hit Ilford, London, killing 8, seriously injuring 15, and lightly injuring 20. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
29 Oct 1944

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit the Beckton Gas Works in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
30 Oct 1944

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit the Royal Victoria Dock at Earlham Grove, West Ham, London, England, United Kingdom at 1200 hours. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
31 Oct 1944

United Kingdom
  • A German V-2 rocket hit Swedish Yard of Surrey Commercial Docks in Bermondsey, London at 0256 hours, damaging several wheat containers. Another rocket hit the Royal Victoria Dock at Earlham Grove, West Ham in the afternoon. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
1 Nov 1944

United Kingdom
  • A German V-2 rocket hit Eglington Road in Woolwich, London, England, United Kingdom at 0210 hours, killing 7 people. At 0510 hours, another rocket hit Friern Road in Camberwell, London, killing 24 and injuring 17. A third rocket hit Shardeloes Road in Deptford, London at 1830 hours, killing 31, seriously injuring 62, and lightly injuring 90. Two other rockets hit London that day, though causing little damage. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
2 Nov 1944

United Kingdom
  • Four German V-2 rockets hit London, England, United Kingdom on this date. One of them hit outside of a mental hospital at Banstead, killing 3 and seriously injuring 11. Another hit Deptford, killing 31. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
4 Nov 1944

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit the golf course at Ilford, London, England, United Kingdom without causing any injuries. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
10 Nov 1944

United Kingdom
  • British government lifted the ban on reporting rocket attacks on Britain after Prime Minister Churchill announced to the Parliament that British cities had been under rocket attack "for the last few weeks"; German V-2 rocket attacks had in fact started on 8 Sep 1944, or more than two months prior to Churchill's announcement. On the same day, a V-2 rocket hit Goulson Street in Stepney, London, England United Kingdom, killing 19, seriously injuring 97, and lightly injuring 323. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
11 Nov 1944

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit Shooters Hill, London, England, United Kingdom at 1830 hours, killing 24. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
12 Nov 1944

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit the Bromley Gas Works in West Ham, London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
13 Nov 1944

United Kingdom
  • Civil air service was restored to London, England, United Kingdom for the first time since Sep 1939 when Railway Air Services began flight operations on a Croydon-Liverpool-Belfast route. ww2dbase [AC]
19 Nov 1944

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit a car park at Southborough Lane, Bromley in southeast London, England, United Kingdom, across from a crowded pub, at 2115 hours. 23 were killed and 63 were injured. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
22 Nov 1944

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit Totty Street, Bethnal Green in the East End of London, England, United Kingdom. 25 were killed and 44 were injured. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
24 Nov 1944

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit McCullum Road, Poplar in East End of London, England, United Kingdom at 2030 hours. 18 were killed and 53 were injured. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
25 Nov 1944

United Kingdom
  • A German V-2 rocket hit near the intersection of High Holborn and Chancery Lane, Holborn, London, England, United Kingdom at 1115 hours, killing 6 and injuring 292. At 1225 hours, another V-2 rocket hit across the street from the Woolworths store in Deptford, London, destroying the store and many nearby building, killing 160 and injuring 199 (77 seriously). ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
26 Nov 1944

United Kingdom
  • A German V-2 rocket hits a Woolworth's shop on New Cross High Street, London, England, United Kingdom, killing 168 shoppers. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
30 Nov 1944

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket at Shooters Hill, London, England, United Kingdom at 0100 hours, killing 23. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
7 Dec 1944

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit Canley Road in Hackney, London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
12 Dec 1944

United Kingdom
  • Dwight Eisenhower arrived in London, England, United Kingdom and secured Winston Churchill's agreement on Eisenhower's strategy for the war in Europe for the foreseeable future. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
26 Dec 1944

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit Islington, London, England, United Kingdom at 2126 hours, killing 68 and seriously injuring 99. The rocket left two craters, one 40 feet wide and 12 feet deep, the other 10 feet wide and 4 feet deep. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
29 Dec 1944

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit a house on Croham Valley Road, Croydon, London, England, United Kingdom, killing all occupants. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
31 Dec 1944

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit near the intersection of Stroud Green Road and Stapledon Hall Road in Crouch Hill, London, England, United Kingdom at 2340 hours, killing 15 and seriously injuring 34. 15 homes were destroyed by this attack. This rocket was the 382nd, and the last, rocket to hit England in 1944. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
3 Jan 1945

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit the Royal Hospital in Chelsea, London, England, United Kingdom at 0850 hours, killing 5 and injuring 19. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
4 Jan 1945

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit Woodland Street in Hackney, London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
5 Jan 1945

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit the golf course at Croydon, London, England, United Kingdom, making a crater 40 feet wide. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
8 Jan 1945

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit the junction of LMS and Met. railway lines behind 114 Iverson Road between West End Lane and Kilburn High Road in Hampstead, London, England, United Kingdom at 1630 hours. 2 were killed, 64 seriously injured, and 57 lightly injured. The rocket destroyed 14 houses, badly damaged 152 houses, and lightly damaged 1,600 houses. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
12 Jan 1945

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit a row of cottages in Ilford, London, England, United Kingdom. 17 were killed and 60 were injured. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
13 Jan 1945

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit West Ham, London, England, United Kingdom, destroying two trolley buses. 15 were killed and 35 were injured. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
15 Jan 1945

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit Rainham, London, England, United Kingdom at about 2345, killing 14 and seriously injuring 4. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Jan 1945

United Kingdom
  • Prime Minister Winston Churchill, in a speech before the House of Commons, announced that "US troops have done almost all the fighting (in the Ardennes) suffering losses equal to those of both sides at the Battler of Gettysburg". This was interpreted by many as a direct and insulting attack on the abilities of Bernard Montgomery and the British fighting forces in Europe. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
19 Jan 1945

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit Town Quay, Barking, London, England, United Kingdom at 2300 hours. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
20 Jan 1945

United Kingdom
  • Three German V-2 rocket hit London, England, United Kingdom. The first hit Potters Bar at 1100 hours, killing 21. The second hit Calton Road in East Barnet at 1315 hours, killing 12. The third hit Tottenham at 2000 hours, killing 23. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
26 Jan 1945

United Kingdom
  • An air burst from a German V-2 rocket over Cotswold Gardens, London, England, United Kingdom caused widespread damage. Another rocket hit Clapham, London at 1045 hours, seriously injuring 25 and lightly injuring 42. Another rocket hit Croydon, London in an open space without causing any injuries. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
27 Jan 1945

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit the Royal Arsenal in Woolwich in southeastern London, United Kingdom at 2230 hours, killing 6 and injuring 17, causing some damage to machines. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
2 Feb 1945

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit Deptford, London, England, United Kingdom, killing 24. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
7 Feb 1945

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit the railway sidings near Barking Marches, London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
8 Feb 1945

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit the Super Cinema in Ilford, London, England, United Kingdom at 1245 hours; 13 were killed and 64 were seriously injured, and 86 were lightly injured. Another rocket hit Tavistock Place in St Pancras, London at 1608 hours; 31 were killed and 54 were seriously injured; the Central London Opthalmic Hospital and the Medical School of the Royal Free Hospital were damaged. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
10 Feb 1945

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit Silvertown in North Woolwich, London, England, United Kingdom just across the River Thames from the Harland and Wolff shipyard offices; many workers at Harland and Wolff were injured. Another rocket scored a direct hit on the Bascule Bridge in Woolwich at 1115 hours. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
11 Feb 1945

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit the Glyco Works in West Ham, London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
14 Feb 1945

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit the Chelmsford-to-London Road near the village of Mountnessing in Essex, England, United Kingdom at 1700 hours. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German V-2 rocket hit Wormholt Road in Kensington, London, England, United Kingdom about 1 mile west of Sheperds Bush at 2200 hours, killing 29 and injuring 41. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
16 Feb 1945

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit Crownford Road in Leyton, London, England, United Kingdom at 2345 hours, killing 25 and seriously injuring 10. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
19 Feb 1945

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit Bawn's factory at Blackhorse Lane in Walthamstow, London, England, United Kingdom at 1420 hours. It wrecked 12 houses, damaged 500 houses, killed 18, seriously injured 53, and lightly injured 150. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
20 Feb 1945

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit a factory Ilford, London, England, United Kingdom, killing 7 and injuring 94. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
24 Feb 1945

United Kingdom
  • Major Geoffrey Hutchinson, Member of Parliament representing Ilford in London, England, United Kingdom, wrote to the Secretary for Air for assistance with recent German rocket attacks on Ilford. This letter yielded no significant results. ww2dbase [CPC]
26 Feb 1945

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit the Northern Outfall Sewer in West Ham, London, England, United Kingdom at night. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
27 Feb 1945

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit the Royal Albert Dock in London, England, United Kingdom in the morning. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
7 Mar 1945

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit Trundleys Road at Folkestone Gardens, London, England, United Kingdom at 0300 hours, killing 52 and seriously injuring 32. Two blocks of homes were destroyed. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
8 Mar 1945

United Kingdom
  • Private Karl Hulten, who had deserted from the US 501st Airborne Regiment and subsequently committed a series of crimes in Britain, was hanged at Pentonville Prison. ww2dbase [AC]
13 Mar 1945

United Kingdom
  • In a statement to Parliament, Sir James Grigg, the British Secretary of State for War, praised the achievements of the British Army over the previous months but announced that it will be necessary for another call up, for military service, men from civilian life (including from those previously in reserved occupations) in order to continue the war against Japan once Germany has been defeated. ww2dbase [AC]
15 Mar 1945

United Kingdom
  • Two German V-2 rockets fell in the River Thames near the Ford factory in Dagenham, London, England, United Kingdom, causing no injuries. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
16 Mar 1945

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit at Albert Road in Leyton, London, England, United Kingdom at 0638 hours, killing 23 and seriously injuring 18. Another rocket hit Willesden near Hampstead, London at 0230 hours, damaging 200 houses. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
17 Mar 1945

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit 212 Finchley Road near Borough Central Library in Hampstead, London, England, United Kingdom. Aside from the library, 1,000 homes, the telephone exchange, the lighting station, Council's Work Depot, Warden's Post No. 16, and Women's Vountary Service offices were damaged. Another rocket hit the Rippleway sidings in Barking, London at 2230 hours. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Mar 1945

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit the Speaker's Corner at the edge of Hyde Park in London, England, United Kingdom at 0930 hours, killing 3 and seriously injuring 9. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
21 Mar 1945

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit the Packard factory in London, England, United Kingdom at 0939 hours, destroying it and damaging 13 factories and 662 houses; it killed 32, seriously injured 100, and lightly injured 460. Another rocket hit Primrose Hill in St Pancras (though officially listed as in Hampstead), London, damaging the reservoir and injuring 14 people. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
25 Mar 1945

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit Whitfield Street in St Pancras, London, England, United Kingdom in the late afternoon, killing 9 and seriously injuring 46. The Whitfield Memorial Chapel at Tottenham Court Road was badly damaged. In the evening, at 2300 hours, another rocket hit Broadfield Square in Enfield, London, killing 7 and seriously injuring 100. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
27 Mar 1945

United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit Ilford, London, England, United Kingdom. It was to be the last rocket to strike this suburban district of London. To date, 117 Ilford residents were killed by rockets, while 349 were seriously injured. A second V-2 rocket hit Hughes Mansions, Stepney, London, killing 134 and injuring 49. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
17 Apr 1945

United Kingdom
  • In an address to the House of Commons, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill paid tribute to the late US President Franklin Roosevelt concluding with "in Franklin Roosevelt there died the greatest American friend we have ever known, and the greatest champion of freedom who has ever brought help and comfort from the new world to the old." ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
2 May 1945

United Kingdom
  • British government announced that London, England, United Kingdom was now a "Go Home" area, ending the nearly six-year evacuation. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • In a report to the House of Commons the British Prime Minister Winston Churchill announced the unconditional surrender of the German land, sea and air forces, commanded by Colonel-General Heinrich von Wietinghof-Scheel, Commander-in Chief South-West Command and Commander-in Chief of Army Group C. The instrument of surrender signed at the Allied Forces Headquarters at Caserta on Sunday afternoon, 29 Apr 1945, by two German plenipotentiaries and Lieutenant-General W. D. Morgan, Chief of Staff at Allied Forces Headquarters would see the surrender of all German forces in Northern Italy to the Isonzo River, in the North-East, and the Austrian provinces of Salzburg, Vorarlberg, anf the Tyrol plus portions of Carinthia and Styria, Hostilities would end at 12 o'clock GMT on Wednesday, 2 May 1945. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | AC]
7 May 1945

United Kingdom
  • The Selfridges Department Store on Oxford Street, London, England, United Kingdom revealed that over the previous 2-3 weeks there had been a considerable public demand for Welcome Home Flags. ww2dbase [AC]
Photo(s) dated 7 May 1945
Chinese Army junior officer celebrating with British soldiers, London, England, United Kingdom, 7 May 1945
8 May 1945

Photo(s) dated 8 May 1945
The British Royal family and Prime Minister Winston Churchill responding to the cheering crowds on the surrender of Germany, Buckingham Palace balcony, London, England, United Kingdom, May 8, 1945.
11 May 1945

United Kingdom
  • Sergeant Jack Hinton of New Zealand 2nd Division received the Victoria Cross from King George VI at the Buckingham Palace in London, England, United Kingdom for bravery exhibited while fighting in Kalamata, Greece on 28 Apr 1941. ww2dbase [CPC]
13 May 1945

United Kingdom
  • The British Royal Family and Allied military leaders attended a thanks-giving service at St. Paul's Cathedral, London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [CPC]
23 May 1945

United Kingdom
  • In Westminster, London, England, United Kingdom, British Prime Minister Churchill resigned and formed a caretaker administration in which the Labour Party refused to serve. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
7 Jun 1945

Photo(s) dated 7 Jun 1945
Churchill with his Chiefs of Staff at a luncheon at 10 Downing Street, London, England, UK, 7 May 1945
26 Jul 1945

United Kingdom
  • The results of the 5 Jul 1945 election in the United Kingdom was revealed, yielding a Labour Party victory over Winston Churchill's Conservative Party, 394 seats to 188 seats. As Churchill prepared to be replaced by Clement Attlee, many of his war time ministers had also lost their seats, including Air Minister (and later Prime Minister) Harold Macmillan. Throughout the world, there was much sympathy for the great wartime leader. The New York Daily News called him "The greatest Englishman of his time and one of the greatest of all time". ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 26 Jul 1945
British Prime Minister Clement Attlee and King George VI of the United Kingdom, Buckingham Palace, London, England, United Kingdom, 26 Jul 1945
31 Jul 1945

United Kingdom
  • British King George VI approved the appointment of Field-Marshal Sir Harold Alexander as Governor-General of Canada. He will succeed the Earl of Athlone who has held the office since 1940. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
8 Aug 1945

United Kingdom
  • United States, Soviet Union, United Kingdom, and France signed the London Charter of the International Military Tribunal in London, England, United Kingdom. The chief prosecutors from these four nations met for the first time. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH, CPC]
20 Aug 1945

United Kingdom
  • British Foreign Minister Ernest Bevin announced to the Parliament that the treatment of Thailand would depend on Thailand's willingness to cooperate with Allied authorities and its willingness to rebuild the entire region's economy. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
29 Aug 1945

United Kingdom
  • The Four Power Commission of Prosecutors in London, England, United Kingdom presented the first list of German war criminals to be tried at Nürnberg, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
7 Sep 1945

United Kingdom
  • A Monetary Agreement was signed by the governments of the United Kingdom and the Netherlands in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [CPC]
14 Sep 1945

Photo(s) dated 14 Sep 1945
German He-162 Volksjäger on public display after the war in Hyde Park, London, England, United Kingdom, 14 Sep 1945
4 Oct 1945

Photo(s) dated 4 Oct 1945
King George VI and Queen Elizabeth visit the site of the last V2 to fall on London on Mar 27, 1945 at Vallance Road, Stepney, in the East End, London and 134 people were killed, mostly Jewish refugees, Oct 4, 1945
19 Dec 1945

United Kingdom
  • The traitor Jon Amery, founder of Heinrich Himmler's British Free Corps, convicted of High Treason, was executed at Wandsworth Prison, London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [AC]
27 Apr 1946

United Kingdom
  • Bruce Fraser was made the First and Principal naval Aide-de-Camp to the King. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
8 Sep 1946

United Kingdom
  • About a thousand people converged on Kensington High Street in London, England, United Kingdom intent on taking over empty properties for desperately needed accommodation. In a typically British response the Women's Voluntary Service provided hot drinks to the demonstrators while even the police supplied tea and coffee from Kensington Barracks. The Press were sympathetic too as were much of the public, some of whom actively assisted the squatters by passing food and drink through windows. The police picked up and distributed food parcels and blankets, money, food, chocolate and cigarettes were collected for the families. Student from London University marched throughout the streets in support. After Prime Minister Clement Attlee refused to meet with a delegation a frightened government threaten to employ force to evict the squatters, but the protest eventually ended when it was announced that squatters could lose their rights to a place on the Council Housing queue if they persisted in occupation. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
8 May 1947

United Kingdom
  • Harry Gordon Selfridge died at the age of 83 from bronchial pneumonia in the district of Putney in London, England, United Kingdom. The American founder of the London luxury department store was pennyless, but he created an idea that revolutionised shopping forever. Selfridge believed the customer was always right and provided restaurants and attentive salespeople to keep customers in his shop for longer. But the Depression and his lavish spending and gambling habits meant he owed a quarter of a million pounds by 1940. ww2dbase [AC]
14 Nov 1948

United Kingdom
  • Prince Charles (later Prince of Wales) was born at Buckingham Palace, London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [AC]
3 May 1951

United Kingdom
  • The Festival of Britain opened in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [AC]
15 Jun 1952

United Kingdom
  • Christine Granville was killed by Dennis Muldowney in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | JR]
26 May 1953

United Kingdom
  • Edmund Herring personally led Australian troops in guarding Queen Elizabeth II at the Buckingham Palace in London, England, United Kingdom during the queen's coronation ceremonies. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
23 Jun 1953

United Kingdom
  • Winston Churchill suffered a stroke in the evening at 10 Downing Street, London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
10 Jul 1953

United Kingdom
  • Edmund Herring was made a Knight of the Order of Saint John at Buckingham Palace in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
14 Oct 1954

United Kingdom
  • Emperor Haile Selassie I of Abyssinia was made a Stranger Knight of the British Order of the Garter. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
1 Mar 1955

United Kingdom
  • Winston Churchill made "The Deterrent - Nuclear Warfare" speech before the House of Commons of the British Parliament. It was to be his last major speech at the House of Commons. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
4 Apr 1955

United Kingdom
  • Winston Churchill held what was to become his last formal dinner at 10 Downing Street, London, England, United Kingdom. His guests included Queen Elizabeth II, her consort Prince Philip, and many high government officials. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 4 Apr 1955
Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Clementine Churchill greeting Queen Elizabeth II as she arrives for dinner at 10 Downing Street, London, England, United Kingdom, April 4, 1955. Churchill resigned the following day
10 Nov 1958

United Kingdom
  • Wanda Gertz passed away from cancer in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
27 Jul 1964

United Kingdom
  • Winston Churchill visited the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom for the last time. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
15 Jan 1965

United Kingdom
  • Winston Churchill suffered a stroke, which caused a severe cerebral thrombosis. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
24 Jan 1965

United Kingdom
  • Winston Churchill passed away at his home in London, England, United Kingdom shortly after 0800 hours. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
14 Dec 1970

United Kingdom
  • William Slim passed away in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
12 Feb 1981

United Kingdom
  • Bruce Fraser passed away in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
17 Jun 1981

United Kingdom
  • Richard O'Connor passed away in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
8 Nov 2012

United Kingdom
  • The Princess Royal of Britain unveiled a bronze bust of Noor Inayat Khan at Gordon Square Gardens, London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
24 Dec 2013

United Kingdom
  • Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom issued an unprecedented Royal Pardon expunging Alan Turing's 1952 indecency conviction. ww2dbase [Main Article | DS]

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Famous WW2 Quote
"No bastard ever won a war by dying for his country. You win the war by making the other poor dumb bastard die for his country!"

George Patton, 31 May 1944