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World War II Database

11 Jul 1890

United Kingdom
31 Jan 1913

United Kingdom
  • The keel of Valiant was laid down by Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Company in Govan, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Valiant | Govan, Scotland | CPC]
4 Nov 1914

United Kingdom
9 Jul 1917

United Kingdom
  • The Vickers-built Dreadnought HMS Vanguard was lost through an internal explosion at Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom with the loss of 804 crew. ww2dbase [Scapa Flow | Scapa Flow, Scotland | AC]
1 Dec 1930

United Kingdom
  • The keel of RMS Queen Mary was laid down by the John Brown and Company at Clydebank, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Queen Mary | Clydebank, Scotland | CPC]
22 Aug 1934

United Kingdom
  • The keel of Garland was laid down by the Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering in Govan, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Garland | Govan, Scotland | CPC]
26 Sep 1934

United Kingdom
  • RMS Queen Mary was launched at Clydebank, Scotland, United Kingdom. The Queen Mary would play a vital role in the war; transporting hundreds of thousands of Allied troops across the world's oceans. ww2dbase [Queen Mary | Clydebank, Scotland | AC]
24 Oct 1935

United Kingdom
12 May 1936

United Kingdom
4 Dec 1936

United Kingdom
  • The keel of RMS Queen Elizabeth was laid down by the John Brown and Company at Clydebank, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Queen Elizabeth | Clydebank, Scotland | CPC]
1 Jun 1937

United Kingdom
  • The keel of HMS Howe was laid down by the Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Company at Govan, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Howe | Govan, Scotland | CPC]
9 Sep 1937

United Kingdom
  • The 9,100-ton light cruiser, HMS Glasgow, built at Scotts (Greenock, Scotland, United Kingdom), was commissioned with Captain Francis N. Attwood in command. ww2dbase [Glasgow | Greenock, Scotland | AC]
2 Dec 1937

United Kingdom
10 Feb 1938

United Kingdom
  • J. W. Gillan, commander of No. 111 Squadron RAF, made a flight between RAF Northolt, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom and RAF Turnhouse (now Edinburgh Airport) in Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom in a Hurricane fighter only 48 minutes, assisted by a 80mph tailwind. ww2dbase [Hurricane | Edinburgh, Scotland | CPC]
27 Sep 1938

United Kingdom
14 Oct 1939

United Kingdom
  • German submarine U-47 penetrated defenses and entered Scapa Flow in Scotland, United Kingdom and sank British battleship HMS Royal Oak, killing 833 out of a crew of 1,257. ww2dbase [Scapa Flow | U-47 | Scapa Flow, Scotland | CPC]
16 Oct 1939

United Kingdom
  • British Royal Navy Commander R. F. Jolly, despite being seriously wounded by an air attack by a German Junkers Ju 88 bomber in the Firth of Forth, Scotland, United Kingdom, steadfastly refused medical treatment or requests that he left the bridge of HMS Mohawk until some eighty minutes later when he had finally brought his damaged destroyer into the safety at Rosyth. Taken ashore he lived on for another five hours before his death in hospital at South Queensferry, Scotland. For his heroism Commander Jolly was awarded, a week later, with a posthumous Empire Gallantry Medal (later replaced by a George Cross, a decoration only second in precedence to the Victoria Cross). ww2dbase [Rosyth, Scotland | AC]
  • HMS Edinburgh was slightly damaged by German aircraft while in the Firth of Forth, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Edinburgh | Firth of Forth, Scotland | CPC]
17 Oct 1939

United Kingdom
  • German aircraft attacked the British naval base at Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom, damaging the training ship HMS Iron Duke. ww2dbase [Scapa Flow | Scapa Flow, Scotland | CPC]
23 Oct 1939

United Kingdom
28 Oct 1939

Photo(s) dated 28 Oct 1939
German He 111 medium bomber after crash landing near Humbie, Scotland, United Kingdom, 28 Oct 1939. This bomber was on a reconnaissance mission when it was shot down by British fighters.
29 Oct 1939

United Kingdom
  • The first German aircraft to be shot down in Britain, a He 111 bomber, crashed near Haddington, East Lothian, Scotland, United Kingdom. The kill was claimed by No. 602 and No. 603 Squadrons RAF. Two members of the crew of four survived the crash and were captured. ww2dbase [Battle of Britain | Haddington, Scotland | CPC]
30 Oct 1939

United Kingdom
  • The 4,666-ton steam merchant Cairnmona was making her way to Newcastle, England, United Kingdom with a cargo of copper and grain and 3 miles off Rattray Head, Aberdeenshire, northeast Scotland, United Kingdom when she was torpedoed by German submarine U-13 (Kapitänleutnant Karl Daublebsky von Eichhain) at 2250 hours. The Cairnmona had been dispersed from convoy HX-5 and would be the only ship sunk from it. Three crew were killed in the explosion, the master, Fred Wilkinson Fairley and 41 crew members took to lifeboats and were later picked up by the British drifter HMS River Lossie. ww2dbase [Start of the Battle of the Atlantic | Scotland | HM]
  • U-56 fired three G7e (TII) torpedoes on HMS Rodney near the Orkney Islands, Scotland, United Kingdom; all three missed the target, but two of them hit HMS Nelson situated directly behind HMS Rodney. ww2dbase [Start of the Battle of the Atlantic | Rodney | U-56 | Nelson | Scotland | CPC]
31 Oct 1939

United Kingdom
  • The keel of Dianthus was laid down by Henry Robb, Limited of Leith, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Dianthus | Leith, Scotland | CPC]
13 Nov 1939

United Kingdom
28 Dec 1939

United Kingdom
  • German submarine U-30 sank British submarine trawler HMS Barbara Robertson in the Outer Hebrides, Scotland, United Kingdom at 0400 hours, killing 1; the German submarine radioed Swedish merchant ship Hispania to pick up the survivors. Later on the same day, at 1545 hours, she spotted and damaged British battleship HMS Barham with one torpedo, killing 4; she was chased off by destroyers HMS Isis and HMS Nubian. ww2dbase [Scotland | CPC]
1 Jan 1940

United Kingdom
  • German aircraft bombed RAF Coastal Command at Sullom Voe in the Shetland Islands, Scotland, United Kingdom damaging light cruiser HMS Coventry and ground facilities with the loss of one Ju 88 bomber. ww2dbase [Battle of Britain | Shetland Islands, Scotland | CPC]
21 Jan 1940

United Kingdom
  • German submarine U-22 attacked British merchant vessel Cyprian Prince in the Moray Firth in Scotland, United Kingdom at 0538 hours but failed to hit her. At 0600 hours, she torpedoed and sank destroyer HMS Exmouth off Wick, killing 189, which was the entire crew. At 0711 hours, she torpedoed Danish ship Tekla, killing 4; 9 crew members survived, rescued by HMS Sikh and Norwegian ship Iris. ww2dbase [Scotland | CPC]
22 Jan 1940

United Kingdom
  • The Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Furious left the Clyde, Scotland, United Kingdom with two squadrons of Swordfish torpedo-bombers to seek German shipping off Norway. ww2dbase [Furious | Firth of Clyde, Scotland | AC]
1 Feb 1940

United Kingdom
  • The Swedish-owned 2,491-ton Fram, an old steam merchant launched in 1897, was lying at anchor at Rosehearty Buoy off Fraserburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom when, at 0043 hours, she was struck by a G7e torpedo fired from German submarine U-13 (Kapitänleutnant Max-Martin Schulte) and sunk. 9 of her crew were killed in the explosion, survivors were picked up by the K-class destroyer HMS Khartoum and the armed trawler HMS Viking Deeps. Svea Hannson, a 45-year-old stewardess was one of those killed when the neutral ship sank. ww2dbase [Fraserburgh, Scotland | HM]
2 Feb 1940

United Kingdom
  • British minesweepers Sphinx (J69; Commander John Robert Newton Taylor), Speedwell, and Skipjack were sweeping an area about 15 nautical miles north of Kinnaird's Head near Fraserburgh north-east Scotland, United Kingdom when attacked by German aircraft. A bomb pierced the fo'c'sle deck of 889-ton HMS Sphinx (John Robert Newton Taylor, RN) and exploding destroying the fore part of the ship. The commanding officer and forty of the men were killed in the explosion; survivors were taken to HMS Speedwell. Sphinx remained afloat and was taken in tow by minesweeper HMS Halcyon (J42) but steadily flooded. ww2dbase [Start of the Battle of the Atlantic | Scotland | HM]
3 Feb 1940

United Kingdom
  • British minesweeper HMS Sphinx (J69; Commander John Robert Newton Taylor), damaged by German aircraft in the previous morning and being towed by HMS Halcyon, flooded, capsized, and sank. The wreck was later washed ashore north of Lybster and was sold for scrap. The wreck was later washed ashore north of Lybster and was sold for scrap. ww2dbase [Scotland | CPC, HM]
9 Feb 1940

United Kingdom
  • British trawler HMS Fort Royal commanded by Lieutenant Commander Edgar King and trawler HMS Robert Bowen commanded by Skipper Lieutenant John Clark, RNR were sunk by German aircraft off Aberdeen, Scotland, United Kingdom. Clark was killed. ww2dbase [Start of the Battle of the Atlantic | Scotland | HM]
16 Feb 1940

United Kingdom
  • At the start of the day, 20 miles north of Kinnaird Head, Fraserburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom, German submarine U-14 (Oberleutnant zur See Herbert Wohlfarth) sank Danish ships Rhone (killing 9) and Sleipner (killing 13) shortly after midnight; 41 survivors were later picked up by Swedish trawler Standard and HMS Kipling. Toward the end of the day, at 2125 hours, 10 miles north of Kinnaird Head, U-14 struck again, sinking the 1,526-ton neutral Swedish coal ship Osmed, which sank by the bow 2 minutes after the torpedo struck, 10 of the crew were lost, the remaining 7 were picked up by the British trawler Loch Hope and taken to Scrabster, a small harbour in Thurso Bay Caithness, Scotland. 10 minutes later, at 2135 hours, U-14 sank the 1,646-ton neutral Swedish coal ship Liana carrying coal from Blyth to Halmstad, Sweden. She went down within a minute, 10 crew members managed to get off the vessel and these too were picked up by the trawler. Eight of these later boarded the Santos to return to Sweden but the ship was sunk on the 24 Feb 1940 and 6 of them were drowned. ww2dbase [Start of the Battle of the Atlantic | Scotland | CPC, HM]
18 Feb 1940

United Kingdom
  • British Royal Navy D-class destroyer HMS Daring (H16; Commander Sydney Alan Cooper), whilst escorting Allied convoy HN-12 from Norway, was attacked by German submarine U-23 (Kapitänleutnant Otto Kretschmer) at 0354 hours. Two torpedoes struck the 1,375-ton ship and she sank immediately about 40 miles east of the Pentland Firth, Orkney Islands, Scotland, United Kingdom. 147 officers and men were lost. 1 officer and 3 ratings were picked up from a float by HMS Ingleield (D02) and taken to Scapa Flow, Scotland and another rating was found amidst the debris and rescued by the submarine HMS Thistle (N24) assisted by HMS Ilex (D61) and taken to Rosyth, Scotland. ww2dbase [Start of the Battle of the Atlantic | Scotland | AC, HM]
24 Feb 1940

United Kingdom
  • The 2,266-ton British cargo steamer Royal Archer (built in 1928) hit a mine laid by German submarine U-21 off Kirkaldy, Scotland, United Kingdom and sank. The 27 crew and a gunner were saved. The ship was on route from London for Leith carrying a cargo of 630 tons general cargo including gum, paste, etc. ww2dbase [Start of the Battle of the Atlantic | Scotland | HM]
26 Feb 1940

United Kingdom
  • Newly-constructed British large passenger liner Queen Elizabeth left Clydeside, Glasgow, Scotland on the spring tide. To prevent German attack, false intelligence regarding her destination being Southampton in southern England was generated, but her actual destination was New York in the United States. She would reach New York for her final fitting. ww2dbase [Queen Elizabeth | Clydeside, Scotland | CPC]
29 Feb 1940

United Kingdom
  • RMS Queen Elizabeth set sail from Scotland, United Kingdom for New York, United States. ww2dbase [Queen Elizabeth | Scotland | CPC]
1 Mar 1940

United Kingdom
  • The 1,388-ton Norwegian steamship Vestfoss was bombed by a German aircraft 12 miles southeast of Auskerry, one of the Orkney islands, on a voyage from Partington, Manchester, England, United Kingdom to Oslo, Norway with coal. The pilot of the bomber first allowed the crew to escape; all 19 went to the boats and would survive the attack. The Vestfoss was found later on fire and was taken on tow, but foundered two hours later. ww2dbase [Start of the Battle of the Atlantic | Scotland | HM]
10 Mar 1940

United Kingdom
  • HMS York disembarked 39 German sailors captured from merchant ship Arucas on 3 Mar at Kirkwall, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [York | Kirkwall, Scotland | HM]
12 Mar 1940

United Kingdom
  • 20,000 British troops embarked on transport ships at Rosyth, Scotland and waited for the order to sail to Norway, through which country they would march into Finland to aid in the war against Soviet Union as well as to secure iron mines in Sweden. ww2dbase [Rosyth, Scotland | TH]
16 Mar 1940

United Kingdom
  • 32 German Ju 88 dive bombers bombed the Royal Navy Home Fleet base at Scapa Flow in the Orkney Islands. HMS Norfolk was hit with one bomb, blowing a hole below the water line and killing 6. James Isbister became the first British civilian to be killed by a German bomb when his house in the nearby village of Bridge of Waithe. ww2dbase [Scapa Flow | Scapa Flow, Scotland | TH]
17 Mar 1940

United Kingdom
  • In the wake of a German raid on Scapa Flow, the British Admiralty admitted that the Home Fleet base was vulnerable to air attacks. The fleet was ordered to depart Scapa Flow between 19 and 26 Mar. In anticipation of this move, German submarines U-57, U-19, U-21, and U-22 began to move toward Scapa Flow in an attempt to attack the departing warships. ww2dbase [Scapa Flow | Scapa Flow, Scotland | CPC]
  • German submarine U-38 torpedoed and sank Danish merchant vessel Argentina east of the Shetland Islands, Scotland, United Kingdom at 2325 hours, killing the entire crew of 33. ww2dbase [Unst, Scotland | CPC]
5 Apr 1940

United Kingdom
  • The United Kingdom informed Norway and Sweden of its intent to mine Norwegian waters; British warships departed Scapa Flow at 1830 hours for this operation. Force WB consisting of two minelaying destroyers sailed for the Norwegian coast between the towns of Bud and Kristiansund. Force WS, consisting of minelayer Teviot Bank and destroyers Inglefield, Ilex, Imogen and Isis sailed for waters off Stadtlandet, but this force would be recalled before laying any mines. Force WV consisting of minelaying destroyers Esk, Icarius, Impulsive and Ivanhoe, escorted by the 2nd Destroyer Flotilla of 4 destroyers, set sail for waters near Bodö. The operation had a covering force under Vice-Admiral William Whitworth on battlecruiser Renown and destroyers Hyperion, Hero, Greyhound and Glowworm. Glowworm turned back in heavy weather to recover a rating that was washed overboard. ww2dbase [Invasion of Denmark and Norway | Scapa Flow | Scapa Flow, Scotland | TH, HM]
9 Apr 1940

United Kingdom
  • HMS Howe was launched at Govan, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Howe | Govan, Scotland | CPC]
12 Apr 1940

United Kingdom
  • German submarine U-37 sank British ship Stancliffe with one torpedo 45 miles northeast of the Shetland Islands, Scotland, United Kingdom at 0942 hours, killing 21. 16 survivors in one lifeboat would later make a landing at nearby Unst Island. ww2dbase [Shetland Islands, Scotland | CPC]
17 Apr 1940

United Kingdom
  • German submarine U-13 torpedoed and sank British steamer Swainby 25 miles north of the Shetland Islands, Scotland, United Kingdom at 1733 hours. 38 survivors reached Norwick Bay in the Shetland Islands on lifeboats. ww2dbase [Shetland Islands, Scotland | CPC]
27 Apr 1940

United Kingdom
  • The British submarine HMS Clyde (N 12), under command of Lieutenant Commander D. C. Ingram, RN departed Rosyth in Scotland, United Kingdom for her 8th war patrol. She was to carry out Operation Knife, the supplying of Norwegian forces in the Sondefjord north of Bergen with arms and ammunition. ww2dbase [Rosyth, Scotland | HM]
3 May 1940

United Kingdom
  • British and French troops evacuated from Åndalsnes, Norway arrived safely at Scapa Flow, Scotland. The French troops were transferred onto French passenger ships bound for Brest. ww2dbase [Scapa Flow | Scapa Flow, Scotland | CPC]
4 May 1940

United Kingdom
  • The 5,995-ton British steam tanker San Tiburcio owned by the Eagle Oil & Shipping Co Limited of London was carrying 2,193 tons on fuel and a dozen Sunderland aircraft floats when she struck a mine at 2010 hours; the mine had been laid on 10 Feb 1940 by German submarine U-9. This occurred four miles from Tarbett Ness in the Moray Firth in northern Scotland, United Kingdom. A tug and a destroyer, HMS Codrington (65) were sent out to give assistance, but the tanker broke in half after 45 minutes. The Master, Walter Fredrick Flynn and 39 of the crew were picked up by her escort HMS Leicester City (FY 223) and the anti-submarine trawler took them to Invergordon, in the Cromarty Firth north of Inverness, Scotland. Walter Flynn would lose his life on 31 Jan 1942 when his new command, the San Arcado was torpedoed and sunk by U-107 north of Burmuda. ww2dbase [Start of the Battle of the Atlantic | Scotland | HM]
25 Jun 1940

United Kingdom
  • British steam merchant Port Hobart landed the survivors of Norwegian steam merchant ship Randsfjord, torpedoed by German submarine U-30 three days prior, at Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom. Three of the survivors were admitted to hospital. ww2dbase [Glasgow, Scotland | HM]
5 Jul 1940

United Kingdom
  • Operation Fish: British battleship HMS Revenge, cruiser HMS Bonaventure, destroyer HMS Garth, and troop transports Monarch of Bermuda, Sobieski, and Batory departed Greenock, Scotland at 0545 hours. The cargo of US$1,750,000,000 worth of gold and securities from the Bank of England was destined for the Bank of Canada's vault in Ottawa. They would arrive at Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada safely on 12 Jul. ww2dbase [Greenock, Scotland | CPC]
9 Jul 1940

United Kingdom
16 Jul 1940

United Kingdom
  • British destroyer HMS Imogen collided with cruiser HMS Glasgow in heavy fog off Pentland Firth and Duncansby Head, in northern Scotland, United Kingdom. She caught fire and was later abandoned, drifting 20 miles before sinking; 17 were killed and 133 were rescued. HMS Glasgow saw 2 killed and suffered a 6-foot hole above the waterline; she would be under repair at Liverpool, England, United Kingdom until 4 Sep. ww2dbase [Glasgow | Pentland Firth, Scotland | TH]
27 Jul 1940

United Kingdom
  • The 11,938-ton whale factory ship Salvestria was mined and sunk three miles from Inchkeith Lighthouse at the entrance to the river Water of Leith, Scotland, United Kingdom. Ten men were killed. ww2dbase [First Happy Time | Edinburgh, Scotland | HM]
1 Sep 1940

United Kingdom
  • The survivors of Dutch steam passenger ship Volendam were disembarked by Norwegian fruit freighter Olaf Fostenes at Greenock, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [First Happy Time | Greenock, Scotland | HM]
6 Sep 1940

United Kingdom
  • British submarine HMS Tribune discovered German submarine U-56 about 28 kilometers northeast of St Kilda, Outer Hebrides, Scotland, United Kingdom and fired several torpedoes at the German boat. All torpedoes missed. The Germans were unaware that they were under attack. ww2dbase [First Happy Time | U-56 | St Kilda, Scotland | CPC]
13 Sep 1940

United Kingdom
10 Oct 1940

Photo(s) dated 10 Oct 1940
British Morris Quad vehicle towing an Ordnance QF 4.5 inch Howitzer of 51st Highland Division on the Huntly-Turniff road in Banffshire, Scotland, United Kingdom, 10 Oct 1940
24 Oct 1940

United Kingdom
  • British destroyer HMS Mendip suffered an accidental depth charge detonation in Scapa Flow, Scotland at 1135 hours, ripping off her stern. She would survive the explosion and would be undergoing repairs for the next four months. ww2dbase [Scapa Flow | Scapa Flow, Scotland | CPC]
12 Dec 1940

United Kingdom
25 Dec 1940

United Kingdom
  • Two FAA Martlet I fighters of No. 804 Squadron RAF, on patrol over Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom, intercepted and destroyed a prowling Junkers Ju 88 aircraft, the first victory for a US-built aircraft in British service. ww2dbase [F4F Wildcat | Scapa Flow | Scapa Flow, Scotland | AC]
31 Dec 1940

United Kingdom
4 Jan 1941

United Kingdom
  • Amy Johnson was ordered to fly an Airspeed AS.10 Oxford aircraft from Prestwick, Scotland, United Kingdom to RAF Kidlington, Oxfordshire, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Amy Johnson | Prestwick, Scotland | CPC]
6 Jan 1941

United Kingdom
  • British destroyers HMS Mashona and HMS Sikh collided in the naval base at Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Scapa Flow | Scapa Flow, Scotland | CPC]
17 Jan 1941

United Kingdom
  • Harry Hopkins, while at a private dinner party with Scottish officials at the North British Railway Hotel in Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom, pledged American support for Britain. ww2dbase [M5 | Glasgow, Scotland | AC]
25 Jan 1941

United Kingdom
  • British Admiral Sir John Tovey departed Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom with a fleet to intercept German pocket battleships Scharnhorst and Gneisenau believed to be in the Iceland-Faroes passage. ww2dbase [Operation Berlin | Scapa Flow | Scapa Flow, Scotland | CPC]
6 Feb 1941

United Kingdom
20 Mar 1941

Photo(s) dated 20 Mar 1941
C8 prime mover with limber and 25-pdr field gun, Scotland, United Kingdom, 20 Mar 1941
3 Apr 1941

United Kingdom
  • Of the ten Norwegian Kvarstad ships that had escaped captivity from Gothenburg, Sweden two days prior, only two of them successfully reached Leith, Scotland, United Kingdom. They were B. P. Newton and Lind. B. P. Newton had carried on board 71 people. ww2dbase [Leith, Scotland | HM]
7 Apr 1941

United Kingdom
  • Norwegians John Moe and Tor Glad, who had been recruited by the German Abwehr to conduct acts of sabotage in Great Britain, landed at Crovie on Scotland’s Moray Firth. They immediately approached the local authorities and were interrogated by MI5 and MI6. Both men (codenamed Mutt and Jeff) were turned under the MI5 double-cross programme as double agents. They would conduct staged acts of sabotage on worthless targets and fed false information by radio to the Abwehr before the Allied invasion of North Africa, prompting Germany to keep thousands of troops in Scandinavia. ww2dbase [Crovie, Scotland | AC]
13 Apr 1941

United Kingdom
  • British battleship HMS King George V, light cruiser HMS Nigeria, and destroyers HMS Mashona, HMS Electra, and HMS Escapade departed Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom at 0107 hours in poor weather. ww2dbase [Scapa Flow | King George V | Scapa Flow, Scotland | CPC]
15 Apr 1941

United Kingdom
  • HMS Edinburgh completed escort duties with Allied convoy SL.69 and arrived at Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Scapa Flow | Edinburgh | Scapa Flow, Scotland | CPC]
  • British destroyer HMS Achates departed Greenock, Scotland, United Kingdom at 0840 hours for Scapa Flow to the north, but was rerouted to Loch Alsh at 1400 hours. ww2dbase [Greenock, Scotland | CPC]
16 Apr 1941

United Kingdom
  • British destroyer HMS Achates departed Loch Alsh, Scotland, United Kingdom and arrived at Scapa Flow at 2100 hours. ww2dbase [Scapa Flow | Scapa Flow, Scotland | CPC]
20 Apr 1941

United Kingdom
  • British anti-submarine trawler HMT Topaze was accidentally rammed by British battleship HMS Rodney and sank in the Clyde Estuary, Scotland, United Kingdom, killing 18. ww2dbase [Rodney | Scotland | CPC]
22 Apr 1941

United Kingdom
  • Light cruiser HMS Birmingham arrived at Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom at 0602 hours after completing escort duties which began on 8 Feb. ww2dbase [Scapa Flow | Birmingham | Scapa Flow, Scotland | CPC]
26 Apr 1941

United Kingdom
  • British freighters Clan Chattan, Clan Campbell, Clan Lamont, Empire Song, and New Zealand Star, carrying 295 tanks for Egypt, departed from the Clyde in Scotland, United Kingdom in Operation Tiger. They were escorted by battleship HMS Rodney, cruiser HMS Naiad, destroyer HMS Havelock, destroyer HMS Hesperus, and destroyer Harvester. ww2dbase [Rodney | Scotland | CPC]
5 May 1941

United Kingdom
  • British Royal Navy's 18th Cruiser Squadron (HMS Edinburgh, Manchester and Birmingham with five destroyers) sailed from Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom and headed north. The operation (codenamed EB) had been mounted by the Admiralty with the specific aim of intercepting and capturing the German weather ship München. Using surprise and speed, Admiral Lancelot Holland intended to capture and board the enemy vessel and, all being well, secure a set of coding tables which would enable the German naval cipher system, Enigma, to be read immediately for the first time. ww2dbase [Enigma Code Broken | Scapa Flow | Scapa Flow, Scotland | AC]
27 Jun 1941

Photo(s) dated 27 Jun 1941
Norwegian Brigade 2-inch mortar team in training, Dumfries, Scotland, United Kingdom, 27 Jun 1941
8 Jul 1941

United Kingdom
13 Jul 1941

United Kingdom
  • The Norwegian merchant steamer Inga I arrived at Oban, Scotland, United Kingdom for repairs. ww2dbase [Oban, Scotland | HM]
21 Jul 1941

United Kingdom
  • The Norwegian merchant steamer Inga I departed Oban, Scotland, United Kingdom upon completion of repairs. She sailed with Convoy OG 69 for Gibraltar with a cargo of 1,670 tons of coal and coke. ww2dbase [Oban, Scotland | HM]
8 Aug 1941

Photo(s) dated 8 Aug 1941
British cruiser Dorsetshire at Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom, 8 Aug 1941
12 Aug 1941

United Kingdom
  • No. 489 (NZ) Squadron RAF was formed at RAF Leuchars, Fife, Scotland, United Kingdom from New Zealand personnel under the command of Wing Commander J. A. S. Brown. The squadron would see extensive service on anti-shipping strikes in the North Sea and protection of the North Cape convoys. ww2dbase [Leuchars, Scotland | AC]
22 Sep 1941

United Kingdom
  • British cruiser HMS London departed Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom with Lord Beaverbrook and Averell Harriman aboard for Archangel, Russia for Lend-Lease discussions. She was escorted by Soviet and British destroyers. ww2dbase [Scapa Flow | London | Scapa Flow, Scotland | CPC]
2 Oct 1941

United Kingdom
  • The keel of Britain's last battleship, HMS Vanguard, was laid down at Clydebank, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Clydebank, Scotland | AC]
4 Oct 1941

United Kingdom
  • British motor torpedo boat MTB56 and Norwegian destroyer Draug arrived at the Shetland Islands, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Shetland Islands, Scotland | CPC]
9 Oct 1941

United Kingdom
10 Oct 1941

United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy QP-1, which was consisted of 14 British and Soviet merchant ships escorted by British cruiser HMS London and four minesweepers, from Arkhangelsk, Russia arrived at Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | Scapa Flow | Scapa Flow, Scotland | CPC]
26 Oct 1941

United Kingdom
28 Oct 1941

Photo(s) dated 28 Oct 1941
HMS Edinburgh off Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom, 28 Oct 1941
13 Dec 1941

United Kingdom
  • British battleship HMS Duke Of York departed the Clyde, Scotland, United Kingdom with Winston Churchill on board, sailing for the United States. The battleship was escorted by destroyers HMS Faulknor, HMS Foresight, and HMS Matabele. ww2dbase [First Washington Conference | Duke of York | Scotland | CPC]
10 Jan 1942

Photo(s) dated 10 Jan 1942
HMS Ameer at anchor on the Clyde in Greenock, Scotland, United Kingdom, 10 Jan 1942.
7 Feb 1942

United Kingdom
14 Feb 1942

United Kingdom
12 Mar 1942

United Kingdom
  • The 2,291-ton British passenger vessel St. Briac, built in 1924 by William Denny & Brothers, Dumbarton, for the Southern Railway Co, London and taken into Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm service in Jun 1941 as a target ship, struck a mine and sank off Aberdeen on the east coast of Scotland, United Kingdom. Four crewmen on board were lost. ww2dbase [Second Happy Time | Aberdeen, Scotland | HM]
26 Mar 1942

United Kingdom
28 Mar 1942

United Kingdom
4 Apr 1942

Photo(s) dated 4 Apr 1942
USS Wasp and USS Washington at Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom, 4 Apr 1942
5 Apr 1942

Photo(s) dated 5 Apr 1942
United States Navy Rear Admiral Robert Giffen (left) and Royal Navy Vice-Admiral Alban Curteis aboard HMS Duke of York at Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom, 5 Apr 1942. Note carrier USS Wasp (Wasp-class).
6 Apr 1942

United Kingdom Photo(s) dated 6 Apr 1942
American aircraft carrier USS Wasp (Wasp-class) at anchor in Scapa Flow, Orkney Islands, Scotland, United Kingdom, 6 Apr 1942. Cruiser USS Wichita is seen at right and battleship USS Washington in the center.
13 Apr 1942

United Kingdom
  • USS Wasp took on British Spitfire fighters at Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom in preparation for an aircraft ferrying mission to Malta. ww2dbase [Wasp (Wasp-class) | Glasgow, Scotland | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 13 Apr 1942
Spitfire Mk. Vc-Tropical variant from No. 603 Squadron RAF being hauled aboard USS Wasp (Wasp-class) by a crane, Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom, 13 Apr 1942, photo 2 of 3Spitfire Mk. Vc-Tropical variant from No. 603 Squadron RAF being hauled aboard USS Wasp (Wasp-class) by a crane, Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom, 13 Apr 1942, photo 3 of 3Spitfire Mk. Vc-Tropical variant from No. 603 Squadron RAF being hauled aboard USS Wasp (Wasp-class) by a crane, Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom, 13 Apr 1942, photo 1 of 3
29 Apr 1942

United Kingdom
3 May 1942

United Kingdom
  • USS Wasp departed Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom with 47 Spitfire fighters aboard, embarking on Operation Bowery aiming to resupply Malta. ww2dbase [Wasp (Wasp-class) | Glasgow, Scotland | CPC, DS]
4 May 1942

United Kingdom
7 Jun 1942

Photo(s) dated 7 Jun 1942
King George VI inspecting battleship USS Washington at Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom, 7 Jun 1942; note OS2U Kingfisher float plane on catapult
8 Jun 1942

Photo(s) dated 8 Jun 1942
King George VI of the United Kingdom inspecting trawler men & naval personnel at Lyness, Scapa Flow, Orkney Islands, Scotland, United Kingdom, 8 Jun 1942
28 Jun 1942

United Kingdom
  • The British Royal Navy Home Fleet (carrier HMS Victorious, battleship HMS Duke of York, with cruisers and destroyers), reinforced by US battleship USS Washington, departed from Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom to provide distant cover for Allied convoy PQ-17 sailing from Iceland to Arkhangelsk, Russia. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | Scapa Flow | Scapa Flow, Scotland | CPC]
1 Jul 1942

United Kingdom
  • HMS King George V arrived at Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Scapa Flow | King George V | Scapa Flow, Scotland | CPC]
  • B-17E Flying Fortress bomber "Jarring Jenny" landed at Prestwick, Scotland, United Kingdom having flown the 3,000 miles from Maine, United States via Greenland and Iceland. It was the first of hundreds of sister aircraft to be flown to Great Britain to form the US Eighth Air Force. ww2dbase [B-17 Flying Fortress | Prestwick, Scotland | AC]
13 Aug 1942

United Kingdom
  • USS Tuscaloosa, USS Rodman, USS Emmons, and HMS Onslaught departed Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom with ammunition, aircraft parts, and other war goods for the Soviet Union. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | Glasgow, Scotland | CPC]
27 Aug 1942

Photo(s) dated 27 Aug 1942
2-inch mortar team of UK Royal Scots Fusiliers, Scotland, United Kingdom, 27 Aug 1942
2 Sep 1942

United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy PQ-18 departed Loch Ewe, Scotland, United Kingdom; it was supported by two tankers and one rescue ship and was escorted by two anti-aircraft vessels, three destroyers, four corvettes, and four trawlers. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | Loch Ewe, Scotland | CPC]
21 Sep 1942

United Kingdom
  • British rescue tug HMS St. Olaves ran around off Duncansby Head, Scotland, United Kingdom and was declared a total loss. ww2dbase [Scotland | CPC]
  • Garland completed her permanent repairs at Troon, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Garland | Troon, Scotland | CPC]
26 Sep 1942

United Kingdom
7 Oct 1942

United Kingdom
  • The British submarine HMS Unique departed Holy Loch, Argyll and Bute, Scotland, United Kingdom for a patrol in the Bay of Biscay. ww2dbase [Cowal, Scotland | HM]
11 Oct 1942

Photo(s) dated 11 Oct 1942
Winston Churchill with Stafford Cripps and Admiral John Tovey aboard HMS King George V, Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom, 11 Oct 1942
12 Oct 1942

United Kingdom
19 Oct 1942

United Kingdom
30 Nov 1942

United Kingdom
3 Dec 1942

United Kingdom
7 Dec 1942

Photo(s) dated 7 Dec 1942
Two submarines of US Navy Submarine Squadron 50 at Rosneath, Scotland, United Kingdom, circa 7 Dec 1942; sub possibilities were USS Barb, USS Blackfish, USS Herring, USS Shad, USS Gunnel, and USS Gurnard
11 Jan 1943

United Kingdom
8 Feb 1943

Photo(s) dated 8 Feb 1943
Firebrand IV aircraft aboard HMS Illustrious on the Clyde, Scotland, United Kingdom, 8-9 Feb 1943, photo 4 of 10Firebrand IV aircraft aboard HMS Illustrious on the Clyde, Scotland, United Kingdom, 8-9 Feb 1943, photo 7 of 10Firebrand IV aircraft aboard HMS Illustrious on the Clyde, Scotland, United Kingdom, 8-9 Feb 1943, photo 8 of 10Firebrand IV aircraft aboard HMS Illustrious on the Clyde, Scotland, United Kingdom, 8-9 Feb 1943, photo 3 of 10
See all photos dated 8 Feb 1943
9 Feb 1943

United Kingdom
14 Mar 1943

United Kingdom
18 Mar 1943

Photo(s) dated 18 Mar 1943
King George VI of the United Kingdom aboard HMS Glasgow at Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom, 18-21 Mar 1943
22 Apr 1943

Photo(s) dated 22 Apr 1943
Wife of Vice Admiral V. H. Godfrey launching a newly constructed sloop for the Indian Navy, HMIS Kistna, at Yarrows Yard, Clydebank, Scotland, United Kingdom, 22 Apr 1943Launching ceremony of a newly constructed sloop for the Royal Indian Navy, HMIS Kistna, at Yarrows Yard, Clydebank, Scotland, United Kingdom, 22 Apr 1943
28 Apr 1943

Photo(s) dated 28 Apr 1943
RAF Flight Lt Charles Cholmondeley (pronounced Chumley) and RNVR LtCdr Ewen Montagu driving “Major Martin” from London to Holy Loch, Scotland as part of Operation Mincemeat, 28 Apr 1943.
19 May 1943

United Kingdom
15 Jun 1943

United Kingdom
17 Jun 1943

United Kingdom
  • The Royal Navy battleships HMS Nelson (flying the flag of Vice-Admiral Algernon Willis) and HMS Rodney plus a large squadron sailed from Scapa Flow to join the largest invasion fleet yet mustered in World War II - 280 warships, 320 merchantmen, 2,125 landing craft and smaller vessels - for Operation Husky, the Sicilian landings. ww2dbase [Invasion of Sicily and Italy's Surrender | Scapa Flow | Rodney | Scapa Flow, Scotland | AC]
26 Jun 1943

Photo(s) dated 26 Jun 1943
Commander of United States Naval Forces in the Atlantic Admiral Harold Stark aboard the battleship USS South Dakota at Scapa Flow, Orkney Islands, Scotland, United Kingdom, 26 Jun 1943.
1 Aug 1943

United Kingdom
15 Aug 1943

Photo(s) dated 15 Aug 1943
Rear Admiral Robert Burnett greeting King George VI of the United Kingdom aboard HMS Belfast, Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom, 15 Aug 1943
16 Aug 1943

Photo(s) dated 16 Aug 1943
British admirals Irvine Glennie, Louis Hamilton, Robert Burnett (shaking hand), and Henry Moore with King George VI and Admiral Bruce Fraser of the United Kingdom aboard HMS Duke of York, Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom, 16 Aug 1943King George VI of the United Kingdom aboard HMS London at Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom, 16 Aug 1943
8 Oct 1943

United Kingdom
  • British merchant ship Ocean Strength arrived at Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom with a supply of iron ore and captured German Tiger I heavy tank "131". ww2dbase [PzKpfw VI Ausf. E 'Tiger I' | Glasgow, Scotland | CPC]
14 Nov 1943

United Kingdom
9 Dec 1943

United Kingdom
1 Jan 1944

United Kingdom
2 Jan 1944

Photo(s) dated 2 Jan 1944
Survivors of sunken German battleship Scharnhorst disembarking a British warship at Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom, 2 Jan 1944
4 Jan 1944

Photo(s) dated 4 Jan 1944
Missing port rail of Norwegian destroyer HNoMS Stord, damaged in heavy seas during the Battle of the North Cape, Rosyth, Scotland, United Kingdom, 4 Jan 1944. Note depth charge launchers.Norwegian destroyer HNoMS Stord at Rosyth, Scotland, United Kingdom, 4 Jan 1944 after the Battle of the North Cape. Note churning water from Stord’s reversed port screw.Norwegian destroyer HNoMS Stord’s commanding officer LtCdr Skule Storheill (left) and his first lieutenant Lt T. Holthe aboard the Stord in Rosyth harbor, Scotland, United Kingdom, 4 Jan 1944
8 Jan 1944

United Kingdom
15 Jan 1944

United Kingdom
  • Dwight Eisenhower arrived at the airport at Prestwick, Scotland, United States, where he was met by his new British military aide Lieutenant Colonel James Gault, a member of the Scots Guards regiment. ww2dbase [Dwight Eisenhower | Scotland | CPC]
11 Feb 1944

United Kingdom
3 Mar 1944

Photo(s) dated 3 Mar 1944
Commander of Chariot manned torpedo wearing Sladen suit and oxygen apparatus, Rothesay, Scotland, United Kingdom, 3 Mar 1944, photo 2 of 2Chariot manned torpedo with crew, Rothesay, Scotland, United Kingdom, 3 Mar 1944, photo 1 of 3Commander of Chariot manned torpedo wearing Sladen suit and oxygen apparatus, Rothesay, Scotland, United Kingdom, 3 Mar 1944, photo 1 of 2Chariot manned torpedo, Rothesay, Scotland, United Kingdom, 3 Mar 1944
See all photos dated 3 Mar 1944
10 Mar 1944

United Kingdom
13 Mar 1944

Photo(s) dated 13 Mar 1944
General Bernard Montgomery addressing Polish Armored and Parachute troops in Lanark, Scotland, United Kingdom 13 Mar 1944 during his tour of D-Day invasion forces in Britain.
14 Apr 1944

United Kingdom
6 May 1944

United Kingdom
28 Jun 1944

United Kingdom
20 Jul 1944

United Kingdom
  • British destroyer HMS Crescent was launched at Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Glasgow, Scotland | CPC]
5 Sep 1944

United Kingdom
5 Oct 1944

United Kingdom
28 Oct 1944

United Kingdom
9 Nov 1944

United Kingdom
17 Nov 1944

United Kingdom
29 Nov 1944

United Kingdom
30 Nov 1944

United Kingdom
  • At a cost of £9,000,000 (excluding the cost of her guns and their mountings), Britain's last Battleship, HMS Vanguard, was launched at Clydebank, Scotland, United Kingdom. Too late to see service in World War II, Vanguard would eventually be completed in Apr 1946. ww2dbase [Clydebank, Scotland | AC]
19 Dec 1944

United Kingdom
30 Dec 1944

United Kingdom
21 Jan 1945

United Kingdom
3 Feb 1945

United Kingdom
28 Feb 1945

United Kingdom
11 Mar 1945

United Kingdom
12 Mar 1945

United Kingdom
1 Apr 1945

United Kingdom
14 Apr 1945

United Kingdom
  • German submarine U-1206, built in 1944 at Schichau Yard in Danzig, was lost in the North Sea just off the coast of Ellon, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, United Kingdom following an accident. At 70 feet below the surface, Kapitänleutnant Karl-Adolf Schlitt had decided to use the toilet without consulting a rating trained in its complicated operation. Something went wrong, and when the specialist arrived he misunderstood the situation and opened the wrong valve, which resulted in large quantities of seawater entering the boat. The water reached the batteries directly under the toilet and caused production of chlorine gas. As a consequence, the U-1206 was forced to surface immediately. However, when the submarine surfaced, she was discovered and bombed by British patrols. Schlitt ordered the crew to destroy secret equipment and papers, scuttle the submarine and abandon ship. Three men drowned in the heavy seas and 46 were taken prison by the British. The name "shitwreck" was coined shortly after the news reached the British. ww2dbase [Ellon, Scotland | HM]
16 Apr 1945

United Kingdom
8 May 1945

United Kingdom
12 May 1945

United Kingdom
30 May 1945

United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy RA-67, the last returning Allied arctic convoy, arrived at Clyde, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | Clyde, Scotland | CPC]
8 Aug 1945

United Kingdom
20 Oct 1945

United Kingdom
  • HMS Activity was decommissioned from service upon arriving at the Clyde, Scotland, United Kingdom with former prisoners of war from Singapore. ww2dbase [Activity | Clyde, Scotland | CPC]
28 Dec 1945

United Kingdom
  • U-1233 was towed into the Atlantic Ocean from Loch Ryan, Scotland, United Kingdom by HMS Freedom. ww2dbase [U-1233 | Loch Ryan, Scotland | CPC]
30 Dec 1946

United Kingdom
  • Fleet escort ship F2 was sunk during a storm at Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [F2 | Scapa Flow, Scotland | CPC]
26 Mar 1948

United Kingdom
  • Rodney began to be scrapped at Inverkeithing, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Rodney | Scotland | CPC]
27 May 1958

United Kingdom
  • HMS Howe was towed to Inverkeithing, Scotland, United Kingdom to be broken up by the firm T. W. Ward and Company. ww2dbase [Howe | Inverkeithing, Scotland | CPC]
3 Mar 1961

United Kingdom
  • USS Proteus arrived at the US Navy base named Fleet Ballistic Missile Refit Site One at Holy Loch, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Proteus | Holy Loch, Scotland | CPC]
22 Mar 1962

United Kingdom
30 Mar 1962

United Kingdom
2 Jan 1964

United Kingdom
  • USS Proteus arrived at the US Navy base named Fleet Ballistic Missile Refit Site One at Holy Loch, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Proteus | Holy Loch, Scotland | CPC]
3 Mar 1964

United Kingdom
  • Richard O'Connor was made Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland. ww2dbase [Richard O'Connor | Scotland | CPC]
12 Apr 1964

United Kingdom
  • USS Proteus arrived at the US Navy base named Fleet Ballistic Missile Refit Site One at Holy Loch, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Proteus | Holy Loch, Scotland | CPC]
27 Mar 1965

United Kingdom
  • HMS Mauritius arrived at Inverkeithing, Scotland, United Kingdom to be scrapped by the firm T. W. Ward Limited. ww2dbase [Mauritius | Inverkeithing, Scotland | CPC]
5 Sep 1986

United Kingdom
  • USS Iowa fired her primary guns on Cape Wrath, Scotland, United Kingdom during an amphibious assault exercise; the firing lasted until the following day. ww2dbase [Iowa | Durness, Scotland | CPC]

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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