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11 Oct 1886

Dutch East Indies
1 Jul 1911

Dutch East Indies
22 Jan 1942

Photo(s) dated 22 Jan 1942
Archibald Wavell and Hein ter Poorten at Batavia, Java, Dutch East Indies (now Jakarta, Indonesia), 22 Jan 1942
25 Jan 1942

Dutch East Indies
  • 13 P-40E fighters of US 17th Pursuit Squadron (Provisional) arrived at Soerabaja, Java, Dutch East Indies. ww2dbase [P-40 Warhawk | Soerabaja, Java | CPC]
4 Feb 1942

Photo(s) dated 4 Feb 1942
Wounded sailors being taken off of USS Marblehead, Tjilatjap, Java, Dutch East Indies, 4 Feb 1942; seen in Jul 1963 issue of US Navy publication All Hands
6 Feb 1942

Dutch East Indies
  • USS Permit disembarked Admiral Thomas Hart's staff at Surabaya, Java, Dutch East Indies, ending her third war patrol. ww2dbase [Permit | Surabaya, Java | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Feb 1942
USS Houston at Tjilajap, Java, Dutch East Indies, 6 Feb 1942, seen from USS MarbleheadUSS Marblehead at Tjilatjap, Java, Dutch East Indies, Feb 1942; note bomb damage
18 Feb 1942

Dutch East Indies
22 Feb 1942

Dutch East Indies
  • US 5th Air Force bombers attacked de Pasar airfield, Bali, Dutch East Indies, destroying a number of Japanese aircraft. On the same day, Japanese bombers attacked Allied airfields on Java, destroying 4 US B-17 bombers on the ground at Pasirian airfield and 1 Liberator bomber at Jogjakarta airfield. ww2dbase [Dutch East Indies Campaign, Java | Java | CPC]
  • USS Permit departed Surabaya, Java, Dutch East Indies, starting her fourth war patrol. ww2dbase [Permit | Surabaya, Java | CPC]
23 Feb 1942

Dutch East Indies
  • George Brett departed Java, Dutch East Indies for Australia. ww2dbase [George Brett | Java | CPC]
24 Feb 1942

Dutch East Indies
  • At Java, Dutch East Indies, the headquarters of the Allied ABDA Command was relocated with intention of dissolution. On the same day, Japanese aircraft attacked Allied airfields on Java, destroying 3 US B-17 bombers on the ground; the remaining US 5th Air Force aircraft were evacuated to Australia. ww2dbase [Dutch East Indies Campaign, Java | Java | CPC]
26 Feb 1942

Dutch East Indies
28 Feb 1942

Dutch East Indies
  • British cruiser HMS Exeter departed Surabaya, Java, Dutch East Indies for Ceylon. ww2dbase [Exeter | Surabaya, Java | CPC]
1 Mar 1942

Dutch East Indies
  • The 209-ton HMT Rahman, a British Royal Navy Whaler requisitioned in 1940 and used as a minesweeper, was sunk by gunfire at Batavia, Dutch East Indies. In the same action the 5,518-ton British cargo steamer War Sirdar ran aground on a reef northwest of Batavia and was abandoned; she was later salvaged by the Japanese and became the Konan Maru, and ultimately torpedoed by USS Bluegill on 29 Mar 1945. ww2dbase [Batavia, Java | HM]
2 Mar 1942

Dutch East Indies
  • Japanese troops advancing toward Batavia, Java, Dutch East Indies were halted by Australian troops at Leuwiliang. At Soebang, 250 Dutch troops with 20 tanks attacked Kalidjati airfield, but the attack was repulsed. East of Batavia, Japanese troops captured the oilfields at Tjepoe (now Cepu). As the Japanese troops approached, the Dutch colonial government relocated to Bandoeng, US personnel began evacuation by aircraft, and the Dutch Navy continued to scuttle destroyers, submarines, minesweepers, and other warships at Surabaya to prevent capture. ww2dbase [Dutch East Indies Campaign, Java | Java | CPC]
  • Naka patrolled off Kragan, Java, Dutch East Indies. ww2dbase [Naka | Kragan, Java | CPC]
  • Conrad Helfrich escaped Java, Dutch East Indies by Catalina aircraft. ww2dbase [Conrad Helfrich | Java | CPC]
3 Mar 1942

Dutch East Indies
  • Australian troops continued to hold against Japanese attacks at Leuwiliang west of Batavia, Java, Dutch East Indies. In eastern Java, Japanese captured Bojonegoro. ww2dbase [Dutch East Indies Campaign, Java | Java | CPC]
4 Mar 1942

Dutch East Indies
  • All Dutch troops evacuated Batavia and Leuwiliang, Java, Dutch East Indies after sundown for Bandoeng 70 miles to the southeast. ww2dbase [Dutch East Indies Campaign, Java | Java | CPC]
5 Mar 1942

Dutch East Indies
6 Mar 1942

Dutch East Indies
  • Japanese aircraft attacked Surabaya, Java, Dutch East Indies, damaging Dutch minesweeper Jan van Amstel, killing 23. Dutch sailors scuttled minesweepers C and Pieter de Bitter, also at Surabaya, to prevent capture. ww2dbase [Dutch East Indies Campaign, Java | Surabaya, Java | CPC]
7 Mar 1942

Dutch East Indies
  • Japanese troops reached Tjilatjap, Java, Dutch East Indies during the day and captured Lembang in the evening, which overlooked Bandoeng. Dutch sailors scuttled minelayer Gouden Leeuw at Surabaya, Java to prevent capture. ww2dbase [Dutch East Indies Campaign, Java | Java | CPC]
8 Mar 1942

Dutch East Indies
  • Dutch troops at Bandoeng, Java, Dutch East Indies surrendered at the Isola Hotel in Lembang at 1000 hours between Dutch General Jacob J. Pesman and Japanese Colonel Toshishige Shoji. In the afternoon, Dutch Governor Tjarda Van Starkenborgh Stachouwer, General Hein Ter Poorten, and Major General Jacob Pesman surrendered all Dutch forces on Java to Japanese General Hitoshi Imamura. ww2dbase [Dutch East Indies Campaign, Java | Java | CPC]
  • Naka departed Kragan, Java, Dutch East Indies. ww2dbase [Naka | Kragan, Java | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 8 Mar 1942
Hein ter Poorten surrendering to the Japanese, Kalidjati, Java, Dutch East Indies, 8 Mar 1942Lieutenant General Hitoshi Imamura, Lieutenant General Hein ter Poorten, and other officers shortly after ter Poorten surrendered to the Japanese, Kalidjati, Java, Dutch East Indies, 8 Mar 1942
12 Mar 1942

Dutch East Indies
  • British General Sitwell, Australian Brigadier Blackburn, and US Colonel Searle formally surrendered to Japanese General Maruyama at Bandung, Java, Dutch East Indies at 0730 hours. ww2dbase [Dutch East Indies Campaign, Java | Bandung, Java | CPC]
29 Mar 1942

Dutch East Indies
  • Naka departed Bantam Bay, Java, Dutch East Indies. ww2dbase [Naka | Java | CPC]
1 Apr 1942

Dutch East Indies
  • Japanese cruiser Naka was hit by a torpedo from US submarine USS Seawolf (of three fired) off Christmas Island, causing serious damage. She would be towed to Bantam Bay, Java, Dutch East Indies for repairs. ww2dbase [Naka | Java | CPC]
2 Apr 1942

Dutch East Indies
  • Natori towed Naka toward Bantam Bay, Java, Dutch East Indies. ww2dbase [Naka | Java | CPC]
3 Apr 1942

Dutch East Indies
  • Naka arrived at Bantam Bay, Java, Dutch East Indies under tow by Natori. ww2dbase [Naka | Java | CPC]
6 Apr 1942

Dutch East Indies
  • Naka completed her temporary repairs at Bantam Bay, Java, Dutch East Indies and departed for Singapore. ww2dbase [Naka | Java | CPC]
19 Jul 1942

Dutch East Indies
22 Jul 1942

Dutch East Indies
26 Feb 1943

Dutch East Indies
7 May 1943

Dutch East Indies
3 Oct 1943

Dutch East Indies
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Surabaya, Java. Upon arrival, she was damaged by a mine. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | Surabaya, Java | CPC]
10 Oct 1943

Dutch East Indies
11 Oct 1943

Dutch East Indies
13 Oct 1943

Dutch East Indies
17 Oct 1943

Dutch East Indies
22 Oct 1943

Dutch East Indies
  • Kamoi departed Surabaya, Java, Dutch East Indies with Rio de Janeiro Maru, escorted by minesweeper W-8. ww2dbase [Kamoi | Surabaya, Java | CPC]
13 May 1944

Dutch East Indies
17 May 1944

Dutch East Indies Photo(s) dated 17 May 1944
Surabaya under attack, Java, Dutch East Indies, 17 May 1944, photo 1 of 2Surabaya under attack, Java, Dutch East Indies, 17 May 1944, photo 2 of 2Surabaya under attack, Java, Dutch East Indies, 17 May 1944, photo 3 of 3
20 Sep 1944

Dutch East Indies
26 Feb 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • Kamoi arrived at Batavia, Java, Dutch East Indies. ww2dbase [Kamoi | Batavia, Java | CPC]
29 May 1945

Dutch East Indies
2 Jun 1945

Dutch East Indies
5 Jun 1945

Dutch East Indies
7 Jun 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • Kamikaze began an escort assignment for cruiser Ashigara out of Batavia, Java, Dutch East Indies. ww2dbase [Kamikaze | Batavia, Java | CPC]
14 Aug 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta arrived in Batavia (now Jakarta), Dutch East Indies and learned of the Japanese surrender. ww2dbase [Batavia, Java | CPC]
16 Aug 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • Pemuda, the youth wing of the Communist Party of Indonesia, kidnapped Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta and brought them to Rengasdengklok east of Batavia, Dutch East Indies. Japanese Admiral Tadashi Maeda intervened immediately, meeting both sides and successfully negotiating the release of Sukarno and Hatta. ww2dbase [Rengasdengklok, Java | CPC]
17 Aug 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • At the home of Admiral Tadashi Maeda in Batavia (Jarkata), Dutch East Indies, a draft of the Indonesian independence proclamation was completed by Sukarno, Mohammad Hatta, Admiral Maeda, representatives from the Japanese Army, and representatives from the communist Pemuda Rakyat youth group. Hours later, at 1000 hours, Sukarno read the draft in front of Maeda's home, followed by a flag raising ceremony. The flag was sewn by Sukarno's wife Fatmawati the prior evening. ww2dbase [Batavia, Java | AC, CPC]
5 Sep 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogyakarta in central Java declared support for the newly declared Republic of Indonesia. ww2dbase [Yogyakarta, Java | CPC]
6 Sep 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • Previously interned Europeans began to reappear in Surabaya, Java, Indonesia. ww2dbase [Surabaya, Java | CPC]
8 Sep 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • A British reconnaissance force parachuted into Jakarta, Indonesia, with the primary mission of locating and aiding Allied personnel who had recently been in Japanese captivity. ww2dbase [Jakarta, Java | CPC]
11 Sep 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • A large pro-independence rally was held in the city of Surabaya in eastern Java, Dutch East Indies. ww2dbase [Surabaya, Java | CPC]
15 Sep 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • A British naval squadron arrived in waters off of the port of Tanjung Priok near Jakarta, Indonesia, carrying British personnel tasked with the rescue of prisoners of war and Dutch personnel tasked with the restoration of the colonial administration. Local Japanese commanders, including Admiral Todashi Maeda, immediately surrendered themselves. ww2dbase [Japan's Surrender | Tanjung Priok, Java | CPC]
17 Sep 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • The second large pro-independence rally was held in the city of Surabaya in eastern Java, Dutch East Indies. ww2dbase [Surabaya, Java | CPC]
18 Sep 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • British personnel were parachuted over Magelang, Java and over Sumatra in Indonesia; they were tasked with locating and rescuing prisoners of war. ww2dbase [Magelang, Java | CPC]
19 Sep 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • Radical Indonesian nationalists, unhappy with the slow progress of the newly founded republic and with the continuing presence of Japanese peacekeepers in Jakarta, organized a large demonstration in the city. Just as tension was about to reach the level of violence, President Sukarno, speaking to the crowd, was able to calm the mood and disperse the crowd. ww2dbase [Jakarta, Java | CPC]
  • A group of recently freed Dutch internees raised a Dutch flag over the Hotel Oranje (now Hotel Majapahit) in Surabaya, Indonesia. The hotel building was the headquarters of the Recovery of Allied Pirsoner of War and Internees organization as well as the headquarters of the Japanese troops charged with keeping order in the city. This flag raising triggered violence from local nationalists, resulting in the death of the leader of the Dutch group. Indonesians lowered the Dutch flag, tore off the blue third of the flag, and re-raised it as an Indonesian flag. ww2dbase [Hotel Yamato | Surabaya, Java | CPC]
30 Sep 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • British troops entered Jakarta, Java, Dutch East Indies. They were mostly consisted of men of Gurkha and Indian ethnicity, and were tasked to maintain peace, largely against pro-Indonesia rioters. ww2dbase [Jakarta, Java | CPC]
2 Oct 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • A Dutch naval captain, who was the acting senior officer of Japanese troops in the Surabaya, Java, Indonesia, ordered troops under his command to surrender their weapons to local Indonesian forces. At this time, the city awaited a formal Allied surrender ceremony. ww2dbase [Surabaya, Java | CPC]
7 Oct 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • Japanese forces in Yogyakarta, Indonesia surrendered their weapons to local Indonesian authorities. ww2dbase [Yogyakarta, Java | CPC]
10 Oct 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • Indonesian forces took control of much of Bandung, Java, Indonesia. Nearby Japanese forces, not having officially surrendered yet, counterattacked and took back the city, preventing the nationalist groups from capturing a weapon factory. ww2dbase [Bandung, Java | CPC]
13 Oct 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • Renegade Communist youth leader Sutomo ("Bung Tomo") established a radio station in Surabaya, Java, Indonesia, urging people to kill Europeans. ww2dbase [Surabaya, Java | CPC]
14 Oct 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • Angered by Japanese troops' refusal to surrender their weapons to the local Indonesian nationalist youth organization, Indonesians massacred several hundred Japanese civilians in Semarang, Java, Indonesia. Japanese troops soon began to retaliate against Indonesian fighters. ww2dbase [Semarang, Java | CPC]
15 Oct 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • Indonesian nationalist fighters clubbed and hacked 50 Europeans and Eurasians to death as they marched toward Kalisosok Prison in Surabaya, Java, Indonesia. After getting into the prison, with some of the guards turning their backs to allow the fighters to do whatever they wished, 200 Europeans being held there for protect were killed. ww2dbase [Surabaya, Java | CPC]
18 Oct 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • Japanese forces in Bandung, Java, Dutch East Indies surrendered to British forces. ww2dbase [Bandung, Java | CPC]
20 Oct 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • British troops arrived in Semarang, Java, Indonesia, forcing the end of a week-long conflict between Japanese troops and Indonesian nationalists which resulted in thousands of deaths, including many civilians, Japanese and local. ww2dbase [Semarang, Java | CPC]
  • A detachment of Gurkha troops of the British Army took control of Ambarawa and Magelang in central Java. Local forces immediately clashed with the few Dutch personnel attached to the force. ww2dbase [Ambarawa, Java | CPC]
22 Oct 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • The Nahdlatul Ulama, Indonesia's largest Islamic association, declared a judicial decision (fatwa), ordering all Muslim men within one day's journey (94 kilometers) from Surabaya, Java, Indonesia to travel to the city to join the fight against British and Dutch colonialism. The fight was described as a holy crusade (jihad fi sabilillah). ww2dbase [Surabaya, Java | CPC]
26 Oct 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • British Indian Army Brigadier General A. W. S. Mallaby, tasked with the protection of British interests in Surabaya, Java, Indonesia as well as the safety of European former prisoners of war in the city, negotiated with nationalist fighters. He offered that he would not force the fighters to disarm, and he would limit Indian troops under his command to a 800-meter perimeter of the harbor. ww2dbase [Surabaya, Java | CPC]
27 Oct 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • British Indian Army Major General H. C. Hawthorn ordered leaflets to be dropped over the city of Surabaya, Java, Indonesia, announcing that the nationalist forces would soon be disarmed. This announcement contradicted with the friendlier terms offered by Brigadier General A. W. S. Mallaby on the previous day, and the Indonesian nationalists viewed this as a clue that the British could not be trusted. In response to the demands, 120,000 young Communist members attacked the 4,000 Indian troops stationed around the city. The former European prisoners of war that the Indian troops were escorting were also attacked. ww2dbase [Surabaya, Java | CPC]
28 Oct 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • Sukrano arrived in Surabaya, Java, Indonesia one day after Communist youths attacked Indian troops and European former prisoners of war, attempting to de-escalate the situation. ww2dbase [Surabaya, Java | CPC]
29 Oct 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • After a day of relative peace, Communist youths resumed attacks on Indian troops in Surabaya, Java, Indonesian. Indonesian leaders Sukarno, Mohammad Hatta, and Sjarrafudin arrived in the city to begin negotiations between the Indonesian Communists and the British. ww2dbase [Surabaya, Java | CPC]
30 Oct 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • Indonesian leaders Sukarno, Mohammad Hatta, and Sjarrafudin brokered a ceasefire between Indonesian Communists and the British in Surabaya, Indonesia, but violence would resume within hours. British Indian Army Brigadier General A. W. S. Mallaby was killed in the action, and the survivors of his 49th Brigade fell back to the harbor area. ww2dbase [Surabaya, Java | CPC]
  • Indonesian Communist fighters in Semarang, Java, Indonesia attacked European troops. To the south, Gurkha troops in the city of Magelang were surrounded, but were saved by British aircraft strafing. ww2dbase [Semarang, Java | CPC]
1 Nov 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • President Sukarno of Indonesia arrived at Semarang, Java, Indonesia and traveled through Magelang and Yogyakarta, successful in brokering a temporary ceasefire between Communist fighters and European forces. ww2dbase [Yogyakarta, Java | CPC]
4 Nov 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • Indian 5th Division and 23rd Division began to arrive in Surabaya, Java, Indonesian, adding 30,000 men and 24 tanks to the British garrison in the city. ww2dbase [Surabaya, Java | CPC]
7 Nov 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • The Islamic Masjumi political party was found in Yogyakarta, Indonesia four days after Vice President Mohammad Hatta allowed the formation of opposition parties. ww2dbase [Yogyakarta, Java | CPC]
9 Nov 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • General Robert Mansergh of Indian 5th Division demanded Indonesian Communist fighters to surrender and called for all women and children to leave Surabaya; the message was delivered via airdropped leaflets. ww2dbase [Surabaya, Java | CPC]
10 Nov 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • British Indian troops, supported by tanks, aircraft, and naval guns, assaulted Surabaya, Java, Indonesia against Communist fighters. The campaign would last three weeks, granting the British control of the city but at a high cost in lives. ww2dbase [Surabaya, Java | CPC]
26 Nov 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • British Indian troops reached the southern side of Surabaya, Java, Indonesia, thus largely securing the city. During this campaign against Communist fighters, thousands were killed, and 90 percent of the city's residents fled to the surrounding countryside. ww2dbase [Surabaya, Java | CPC]
1 Dec 1948

Photo(s) dated 1 Dec 1948
Canadian Ford CMP truck in post-war service as an ambulance in Poerworedjo, Java (now Purworejo), 1 Dec 1948.

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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