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1 Jan 1936
  • Wilhelm Keitel was promoted to the rank of Generalleutnant. ww2dbase [Wilhelm Keitel | CPC]
4 Jan 1936

French Indochina
  • Emperor Bao Dai's oldest son, Crown Prince Bao Long, was born in the Palace of Kien-Trung within the Imperial City in Hue, Annam, French Indochina. ww2dbase [Bao Dai | Hue, Annam | CPC]
Russia
5 Jan 1936

Photo(s) dated 5 Jan 1936
Rudolf HeĂź speaking with disabled German Army veterans at the courtyard of his Wilhelmstrasse office, Berlin, Germany, 5 Jan 1936
6 Jan 1936
  • Admiral Graf Spee was commissioned into German service. ww2dbase [Admiral Graf Spee | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Jan 1936
Lansdorff addressed his crew aboard Admiral Graf Spee, possibly commissioning ceremony, 6 Jan 1936
7 Jan 1936

Photo(s) dated 7 Jan 1936
Top German officials visiting the Bavarian State Library, 7 Jan 1936; L to R: Karl Fiehler, Franz von Papen, Adolf Hitler, Ludwig Siebert, Georg Leidinger, Rudolf Buttmann, Franz von Epp
10 Jan 1936

Photo(s) dated 10 Jan 1936
Brigadier General Henry Arnold with base commander LtCol Clarence L Tinker in front of a Martin B-12 bomber, Hamilton Field, Novato (listed at the time as San Rafael), California, United States, 10 Jan 1936.
11 Jan 1936

China
  • Dong Zhao was named the commanding officer of the 28th Division. ww2dbase [Dong Zhao | CPC]
12 Jan 1936
  • Major Marine units of the US Marine Corps began their participation in Fleet Landing Exercise No . 2 at Culebra, Puerto Rico. ww2dbase [CPC]
13 Jan 1936
  • HMS Apollo was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Hobart | CPC]
18 Jan 1936

United States Photo(s) dated 18 Jan 1936
Hermann Göring speaking at a military gathering, 18 Jan 1936
20 Jan 1936

United Kingdom
  • British King George V passed away at Sandringham House, Norfolk, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Sandringham, England | AC]
24 Jan 1936

France
  • Pierre Laval stepped down as the Prime Minister of France. ww2dbase [Pierre Laval | CPC]
25 Jan 1936
  • Shark (Porpoise-class) was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Shark (Porpoise-class) | CPC]
  • Zhao Chengshou was promoted to the rank of lieutenant general. ww2dbase [Zhao Chengshou | CPC]
29 Jan 1936

Germany
  • The first German airborne battalion was established by the Luftwaffe. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 29 Jan 1936
Augusta in Dewey Drydock, Olongapo Naval Station, Philippines, 29 Jan 1936
30 Jan 1936

Germany
  • Josias was promoted to the rank of SS-ObergruppenfĂĽhrer. ww2dbase [Josias | CPC]
  • Horst Böhme was promoted to the rank of SS-HauptsturmfĂĽhrer. ww2dbase [Horst Böhme | CPC]
3 Feb 1936

China
  • Ding Zhipan was promoted to the rank of major general in the Nationalist Army. ww2dbase [Ding Zhipan | CPC]
6 Feb 1936

Photo(s) dated 6 Feb 1936
Chancellor Adolf Hitler at the opening ceremony of the IV Olympic Winter Games, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Bavaria, Germany, 6 Feb 1936Chancellor Adolf Hitler arriving at the opening ceremony of the IV Olympic Winter Games, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Bavaria, Germany, 6 Feb 1936, photo 1 of 2Chancellor Adolf Hitler arriving at the opening ceremony of the IV Olympic Winter Games, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Bavaria, Germany, 6 Feb 1936, photo 2 of 2Chancellor Hitler, Minister Frick, and Minister HeĂź at the balcony of Olympic House during opening ceremony of the IV Winter Olympic Games, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Bavaria, Germany, 6 Feb 1936
See all photos dated 6 Feb 1936
10 Feb 1936
  • The Gestapo was moved outside normal civil law, answering only to Adolf Hitler via Heinrich Himmler. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Ernst Udet was appointed the Inspector of Fighters and Dive Bombers of the German Luftwaffe. ww2dbase [AC]
12 Feb 1936

France
  • The final production example of GL-832 HY floatplane was completed. ww2dbase [GL-832 HY | CPC]
15 Feb 1936

Japan
  • Captain Kyuhachi Kudo was named the commanding officer of Tenryu. ww2dbase [Tenryu | CPC]
17 Feb 1936
  • Major Marine units of the US Marine Corps completed their participation in Fleet Landing Exercise No . 2 at Culebra, Puerto Rico. ww2dbase [CPC]
19 Feb 1936

Spain
  • In Spain the Popular Front won the general election. The Popular Front, a coalition of the left Republicans with the Socialists and Communists obtained 270 seats in the assembly against 200 seats won by the centre and right political parties. ww2dbase [AC]
22 Feb 1936

Spain
  • The Spanish government announced an amnesty for 35,000 left wing political prisoners. ww2dbase [AC]
24 Feb 1936

China
  • Lieutenant General Chen Qingyun was named the commandant of the Chinese Central Aviation Academy at Jianqio Airfield, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China, relieving Lieutenant General Zhou Zhirou. ww2dbase [Jianqiao Airfield | Hangzhou, Zhejiang | CPC]
Japan
  • Prince Hiroyasu's fifth child, Princess Atsuko, passed away. ww2dbase [Hiroyasu | CPC]
25 Feb 1936
  • Sun Chu arrived at the front lines in the conflict against the Chinese communists in Shaanxi, China. ww2dbase [Sun Chu | CPC]
Australia
  • Edmund Herring became a King's Counsel. ww2dbase [Edmund Herring | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The British Cabinet approved a report calling for the expansion of the Royal Navy and re-equipment (but not expansion) of the Army, together with the establishment of "shadow factories" paid for with public money but to be managed by industrial companies. ww2dbase [AC]
26 Feb 1936
  • February 26 Incident began in Japan, which was a failed coup attempt. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler opened the 1st Volkswagen plant in Germany. ww2dbase [CPC]
United States
27 Feb 1936

Germany
  • Fleet escort ship F2 was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [F2 | CPC]
1 Mar 1936
  • Rudolf Höss was promoted to the rank of SS-HauptscharfĂĽhrer. ww2dbase [Rudolf Höss | CPC]
  • In Colorado, United States, the "Six Company's" consortium formally handed the newly completed Hoover Dam over to the federal government, two years ahead of schedule. ww2dbase [AC]
United States
  • Henry Arnold was promoted to the permanent rank of colonel. ww2dbase [Henry Arnold | CPC]
2 Mar 1936

Germany
  • U-36 was launched. ww2dbase [U-36 | CPC]
  • Werner von Blomberg issued orders for the reoccupation of Rhineland in western Germany. ww2dbase [Re-militarization of Rhineland | CPC]
3 Mar 1936

Germany
4 Mar 1936

Germany
  • The German Zeppelin derigible, LZ 129 Hindenburg, made its maiden flight. Together with its sister airship, LZ130 Deutschland, these were (at 803.8 feet length) the largest rigid airships ever constructed. ww2dbase [AC]
5 Mar 1936
  • The Confessing Church in Germany issued a declaration rejecting National Socialist ambitions to be "the supreme and ultimate authority in all spheres of life". Banned by the Gestapo, 700 pastors were arrested after reading out the declaration. ww2dbase [AC]
United Kingdom
  • Supermarine prototype Type 300 aircraft took flight from Eastleigh airfield in England, United Kingdom; this aircraft would later be named Spitfire. ww2dbase [Spitfire | Eastleigh, England | AC]
  • Hawker's prototype fighter K5083 was delivered to Martelesham Heath airfield in Suffolk, England, United Kingdom for testing. ww2dbase [Hurricane | Martelesham Heath, England | CPC]
6 Mar 1936

China
  • General Jiro Minami stepped down as the Governor-General of Kwantung Leased Territory and the commanding officer of the Japanese Kwantung Army in northeastern China. ww2dbase [Jiro Minami | CPC]
  • Kenkichi Ueda was made the Governor-General of Kwantung Leased Territory and the commanding officer of the Japanese Kwantung Army. ww2dbase [Kenkichi Ueda | CPC]
7 Mar 1936
  • Werner Mölders flew missions over the Rhineland region of Germany. ww2dbase [Werner Mölders | CPC]
Germany
  • Upon the success of the Rhineland reoccupation in western Germany, Adolf Hitler dissolved the Reichstag and called for re-elections, which saw overwhelming approval for the action. ww2dbase [Re-militarization of Rhineland | TH]
  • Fleet escort ship F3 was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [F3 | CPC]
Japan
  • Hiroshi Nemoto was named the commanding officer of 27th Infantry Regiment. ww2dbase [Hiroshi Nemoto | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Mar 1936
German soldiers marched into Rhineland, 7 Mar 1936
8 Mar 1936

Photo(s) dated 8 Mar 1936
August von Mackensen, Adolf Hitler, Werner von Blomberg, Hermann Göring, Werner von Fritsch, and Erich Raeder at a memorial ceremony, Berlin, Germany, 8 Mar 1936Portrait of police chief SS-Gruppenführer Kurt Daluege, 8 Mar 1936
9 Mar 1936
  • Koki Hirota became the 32nd Prime Minister of Japan. ww2dbase [Koki Hirota | CPC]
Germany
  • Josias' son, Wittekind, was born at the castle of SchloĂź Arolsen, Arolsen, Germany. ww2dbase [Josias | Arolsen | CPC]
United States Photo(s) dated 9 Mar 1936
Prime Minister of Japan Koki Hirota with his cabinet, Tokyo, Japan, 9 Mar 1936
10 Mar 1936
  • Destroyer Afridi was ordered by the British Royal Navy. ww2dbase [AC]
  • The Fairey Battle Day bomber took its first flight. ww2dbase [Battle | AC]
11 Mar 1936

China
  • The village of Tauran in Mongolia Area, China was subjected to clashes between Mongolian separatist troops (accompanied by Soviet advisors) and Japanese-Manchukuoan troops. The disputed village was secured by the Japanese-Manchukuoan side by the end of the day. ww2dbase [Tauran Incident | Tauran, Mongolia | CPC]
13 Mar 1936

Germany United Kingdom
  • Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin appointed Sir Thomas Inskip to coordinate the three defence services. Although he would have no department Inskip was only able to preside over meetings of the service Chiefs of Staffs and endorse their decisions. But by so doing he was able to obtain more money for the Navy and Air Force to purchase new equipment. ww2dbase [AC]
16 Mar 1936

Korea Photo(s) dated 16 Mar 1936
Captain Henry Kent Hewitt inspects Indianapolis
17 Mar 1936
  • The Armstrong Whitworth Whitley all-metal twin-engine monoplane bomber made its maiden flight. ww2dbase [A.W.38 Whitley | AC]
19 Mar 1936

Photo(s) dated 19 Mar 1936
Chancellor Adolf Hitler and Gauleiter of East Prussia Erich Koch at a rally in Königsberg, Germany, 19 Mar 1936
21 Mar 1936

United States Photo(s) dated 21 Mar 1936
Ernst Gall, Adolf Hitler, and Albert Speer at Munich, Germany, 21 Mar 1936
23 Mar 1936

China
  • Seishiro Itagaki was named the chief of staff of Kenkichi Ueda (Japanese Kwantung Army in northeastern China). ww2dbase [Seishiro Itagaki | CPC]
24 Mar 1936

France
25 Mar 1936

Kazakhstan
  • Bauyrzhan Momyshuly was conscripted into military service for a second time. ww2dbase [Bauyrzhan Momyshuly | CPC]
28 Mar 1936

China
  • Kenkichi Ueda was made the Japanese ambassador to the puppet nation of Manchukuo in northeastern China. ww2dbase [Kenkichi Ueda | CPC]
29 Mar 1936

Germany
  • The Reichstag elections recorded a record turnout of 98.8%, although the rules had been changed in respect of spoilt papers-in that all ballot papers left blank were counted as a vote for the National Socialists candidate, and only where the voter had specifically written "No" against a candidate's name were they counted as a vote against. ww2dbase [AC]
30 Mar 1936
  • Quintin Brand received the Order of Ismail from the Egyptian government. ww2dbase [Quintin Brand | CPC]
Taiwan
31 Mar 1936
  • Light carrier Hosho completed her repairs. ww2dbase [Hosho | CPC]
Germany Photo(s) dated 31 Mar 1936
Haile Selassie manning anti-aircraft gun at Battle of Maychew, 31 Mar 1936
1 Apr 1936
  • The Division of Aviation was established at Headquarters, US Marine Corps under the command of Colonel Road E . Rowell, the former head of the Marine Aviation Section. ww2dbase [CPC]
Germany Taiwan
  • Japan Air Transport's Fukuoka-Naha-Taihoku air route began, transporting passengers between southern Japan, Okinawa, and Taiwan. ww2dbase [Matsuyama Airfield | Taihoku | CPC]
2 Apr 1936
  • J2F Duck aircraft took its first flight; deliveries were made to the United States Navy later on the same day. ww2dbase [J2F Duck | CPC]
Germany
4 Apr 1936

Photo(s) dated 4 Apr 1936
Launching of carrier Yorktown, Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company, Newport News, Virginia, United States, 4 Apr 1936Eleanor Roosevelt at the launching ceremony of carrier Yorktown, Newport News, Virginia, United States, 4 Apr 1936
5 Apr 1936

Germany
  • Fleet escort ship F4 was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [F4 | CPC]
6 Apr 1936
  • Aubrey Fitch was made the commanding officer of USS Lexington. ww2dbase [Aubrey Fitch | DS]
Photo(s) dated 6 Apr 1936
Chinese Ambassador Xu Shiying preparing to present his credentials, Tokyo, Japan, 6 Apr 1936
8 Apr 1936

Photo(s) dated 8 Apr 1936
USS Ranger (foreground), USS Lexington (center), and USS Saratoga (background) at anchor off Honolulu, US Territory of Hawaii, 8 Apr 1936
10 Apr 1936
  • Quintin Brand was made a supernumerary member of the headquarters of the No. 6 (Auxiliary) Group RAF. ww2dbase [Quintin Brand | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Apr 1936
BF2C-1 Goshawk fighter (right) at a National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics hangar, United States, 10 Apr 1936; note NACA chief test pilot Melvin Gough in foreground
11 Apr 1936

Photo(s) dated 11 Apr 1936
Joseph Stalin with collective farmers Maria Demchenko and Praskovya Angelina at the 10th Congress of the Komsomol, Moscow, Russia, 11-21 Apr 1936
13 Apr 1936

Greece
14 Apr 1936

United States
  • A S-43 aircraft, piloted by Boris Sergievsky and carrying a 500-kilogram payload, set an altitude record for amphibious aircraft at 27,950 feet above Stamford, Connecticut, United States. ww2dbase [S-43 | Stamford, Connecticut | CPC]
16 Apr 1936

Photo(s) dated 16 Apr 1936
Submarine Pompano and destroyer Henley under construction at the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, United States, 16 Apr 1936
17 Apr 1936

France
  • The French Army issued requirements for a fully armored fuel and munitions supply vehicle that would help extend the operational range of tank units. ww2dbase [37L | CPC]
18 Apr 1936

China
  • Sun Du was promoted to the rank of lieutenant general. ww2dbase [Sun Du | CPC]
India
  • The Marquess of Linlithgow, Victor Hope, was made the Viceroy and Governor-General of India, succeeding the Earl of Willingdon, Freeman Freeman-Thomas. ww2dbase [CPC]
United States
20 Apr 1936
  • Werner Mölders was promoted to the rank of Oberleutnant, effective as of 1 Apr 1936. ww2dbase [Werner Mölders | CPC]
  • Werner von Blomberg was promoted to the rank of Generalfeldmarschall. ww2dbase [Werner von Blomberg | CPC]
  • Walther von Brauchitsch was promoted to the rank of General der Artillerie. ww2dbase [Walther von Brauchitsch | CPC]
  • Wolfgang Falck was promoted to the rank of Oberleutnant. ww2dbase [Wolfgang Falck | CPC]
France
  • The French Army issued the second order for AMR 35 light tanks. ww2dbase [AMR 35 | CPC]
Germany United States
  • Rear Admiral Harris L. Laning was named the commanding officer of New York Navy Yard in Brooklyn, New York, United States. ww2dbase [New York Navy Yard | Brooklyn, New York | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Apr 1936
Hitler reviewing a military parade held in celebration of his 47th birthday, 20 Apr 1936; Blomberg, Göring, Raeder, and Rundstedt behind him
21 Apr 1936

Japan
  • HMS Hermes began a tour of Japan. ww2dbase [Hermes | CPC]
22 Apr 1936

France
  • The first AMR 35 light tanks entered service with the French Army. ww2dbase [AMR 35 | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Apr 1936
Field Marshal Werner von Blomberg and Colonel General Hans von Seeckt being saluted by honor guards of German 67th Infantry Regiment, 22 Apr 1936; that day was Seeckt
23 Apr 1936

Germany
24 Apr 1936
  • In Germany the Ordensburgen Training Centres were formally established for the indoctrination of Nazi Party members. These establishments came under the responsibility of Reich Organization Leader Robert Ley, a loud-mouth fanatic with a reputation for drink and women and an obsession with creating physically perfect Germans. ww2dbase [AC]
25 Apr 1936

France
  • The French Potez 630 aircraft took its first flight. It would be ultimately be developed into a successful range of fighters, bomber and reconnaissance aircraft seeing much service in German, Vichy and Free French air arms. ww2dbase [Potez 630 | AC]
28 Apr 1936
  • Tetsuzo Iwamoto began receiving flight training by the Japanese Navy. ww2dbase [Tetsuzo Iwamoto | CPC]
1 May 1936
  • Cruiser Köln began two months of operations off Portugal. ww2dbase [Köln | CPC]
  • In Germany the NSDAP introduced ambitious new plans for controlling the population. Key among these were the dividing of the population into blocks of 40 to 60 households under local controllers (not necessarily a party member) responsible for the political outlook, education and morale of every inhabitant, member or not. ww2dbase [AC]
Germany
  • Fleet escort ship F5 was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [F5 | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 May 1936
Nazi Party gathering outside the museum at Lustgarten, Berlin, Germany, 1 May 1936, photo 1 of 7Nazi Party gathering outside the museum at Lustgarten, Berlin, Germany, 1 May 1936, photo 2 of 7Nazi Party gathering outside the museum at Lustgarten, Berlin, Germany, 1 May 1936, photo 3 of 7Nazi Party gathering outside the museum at Lustgarten, Berlin, Germany, 1 May 1936, photo 4 of 7
See all photos dated 1 May 1936
2 May 1936

French Somaliland
  • Exhausted and heartbroken the Emperor Haile Selassie of Abyssinia (now Ethiopia) travelled by train to Djibouti in French Somaliland where he boarded the British cruiser HMS Enterprise to sail into exile. ww2dbase [Invasion of Abyssinia | Haile Selassie | Djibouti | AC]
5 May 1936

Abyssinia
  • Italian forces captured Addis Ababa, Abyssinia, bringing an end to Abyssinian resistance. During this campaign the Italian air force had used modern weapons, including poison gas, against natives armed with little more than primitive weapons. ww2dbase [Invasion of Abyssinia | Addis Ababa | AC]
7 May 1936
  • Italy officially announced the establishment of Italian East Africa, merging Italian-held territories of Italian Somaliland, Abyssinia, and Eritrea. ww2dbase [Invasion of Abyssinia | CPC]
8 May 1936

Photo(s) dated 8 May 1936
SS personnel at Dachau Concentration Camp during SS-ReichsfĂĽhrer Heinrich HimmlerSS-ReichsfĂĽhrer Heinrich Himmler and Rudolf HeĂź viewing a model of the Dachau Concentration Camp, Dachau, Germany, 8 May 1936SS-ReichsfĂĽhrer Heinrich Himmler visiting Dachau Concentration Camp, Dachau, Germany, 8 May 1936League of German Girls leaders visiting Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany, 8 May 1936
9 May 1936
  • Chiang Kaishek proclaimed that Japan was waging war in China without a declaration of war. ww2dbase [Chiang Kaishek | CPC]
  • Mussolini disbanded the Blackshirt legions in Italy. ww2dbase [CPC]
Abyssinia
  • Italy annexed Abyssinia and formed the colony of Italian East Africa by combining Abyssinia, Eritrea, and Italian Somaliland. ww2dbase [CPC]
11 May 1936

Germany
12 May 1936

Germany
  • The first prototype of the Messerschmitt Bf 110 made its maiden flight from Augsburg-Haunstetten, Germany, with test pilot Rudolf Opitz at the controls. ww2dbase [Bf 110 | Augsburg | AC]
United Kingdom
14 May 1936

United States
20 May 1936

Pacific Ocean
  • USS Portland crossed the equator while on maneuvers with the rest of the Pacific Fleet, prompting Crossing the Line ceremonies on at least 102 ships. ww2dbase [Line Crossing Ceremony | Portland | DS]
25 May 1936

Germany
  • Fleet escort ship F6 was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [F6 | CPC]
  • Fleet escort ship F7 was launched at the Blohm und Voss yard in Hamburg, Germany. ww2dbase [Blohm und Voss | F7 | Hamburg | CPC]
27 May 1936

United Kingdom
  • The transatlantic ocean liner RMS Queen Mary made her maiden voyage, departing from Southampton, England, United Kingdom. Converted into a troopship in World War II she would carry thousands of American troops across to Europe. ww2dbase [Queen Mary | Southampton, England | AC]
30 May 1936

Photo(s) dated 30 May 1936
Monks in a bombing drill, Senso Temple, Asakusaa, Tokyo, Japan, 30 May 1936
1 Jun 1936

United Kingdom
  • The British Air Ministry released Production Scheme F, which called for the production of 1,000 new fighters. ww2dbase [CPC]
2 Jun 1936

United States Photo(s) dated 2 Jun 1936
Rear Admiral Ernest King arrived aboard carrier Lexington via SOC-1 Seagull aircraft, 2 Jun 1936
3 Jun 1936
  • The British Air Ministry placed an order for 310 Spitfire fighters at ÂŁ4,500 each. ww2dbase [Spitfire | CPC]
  • Ira Eaker took off from New York, United States on an attempt of the blind flight across North America. ww2dbase [Ira Eaker | CPC]
Germany
  • In Germany, General Walther Wever, Chief of Staff of the Luftwaffe, was killed when the Heinkel He 70 in which he was flying to Berlin crashed shortly after taking off from Dresden. ww2dbase [Dresden, Sachsen | AC]
4 Jun 1936

United Kingdom
  • The British Air Ministry issued Contract No. 527112/36 to Hawker Aviation for 600 units of the soon-to-be-named Hurricane fighter design. ww2dbase [Hurricane | CPC]
5 Jun 1936
  • The United States Social Security Board decided to issue nine-digit identification numbers to Americans which would later be known as Social Security Numbers, and to establish 89 district offices and 469 branch offices. ww2dbase [CPC]
Germany
6 Jun 1936

Germany
  • Ernst Vogelsang was awarded the Spanish Cross in Bronze with Swords. ww2dbase [Ernst Vogelsang | CPC]
7 Jun 1936
  • Cruiser Köln began operations off Spain. ww2dbase [Köln | CPC]
  • Ira Eaker completed the first blind flight from New York to Los Angeles, making this the first North American transcontinental flight using only instruments. ww2dbase [Ira Eaker | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Jun 1936
Former British Prime Minister David Lloyd George and German leader Adolf Hitler at Obersalzberg, Berchtesgaden, Bavaria, Germany, 7 Jun 1936; note Ribbentrop in background center
8 Jun 1936

United Kingdom
  • Hawker Aviation issued fuselage manufacturing drawings of the soon-to-be-named Hurricane design to its production shops. ww2dbase [Hurricane | CPC]
9 Jun 1936
  • Destroyer Afridi was laid down at Vickers-Armstrong’s High Walker Yard on the Tyne in England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Quincy was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Quincy (New Orleans-class) | CPC]
  • Ernst Udet was appointed Director of the Technical Department of the German Reichsluftfahrtministerium (RLM) with responsibility for all new Luftwaffe aircraft. His department grew to a complex 26 departments and was riven with petty jealousies and inter-department rivalries. Udet failed to provide a firm leadership and his organisation soon collapsed into chaos, whilst Udet, with no effective deputy and a poor staff seemed more happier when he was out of reach visiting aircraft factories and airfields (usually at the controls of his own bright red Siebel tourer complete with its well stocked bar). ww2dbase [AC]
11 Jun 1936

Germany
14 Jun 1936
  • A contract for 'New Construction G' was issued by the German Navy to the Kriegsmarine Werft in Wilhelmshaven, Germany. ww2dbase [Tirpitz | CPC]
15 Jun 1936
  • HMAS Perth was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Perth | CPC]
  • The Westland Lycander Army co-operation aircraft, originally ordered under British Air Ministry Specification A.39/34, took its first flight. ww2dbase [Lysander | AC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Jun 1936
Wellington bomber in flight, date unknown
16 Jun 1936
  • Adolf Hitler departed Venice, Italy, returning to Germany. ww2dbase [Adolf Hitler | CPC]
  • Heinrich Himmler was named the head of the first German national police force. Prior to this, police forces had always been under the jurisdiction of local states and not the national government. ww2dbase [Heinrich Himmler | CPC]
18 Jun 1936

Japan
  • Pinghai completed the fitting of weapons at Aioi, Japan. ww2dbase [Pinghai | Aioi, Hyogo | CPC]
21 Jun 1936
  • Handley Page Hampden medium bomber took flight for the first time. ww2dbase [Hampden | AC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Jun 1936
Reich Chancellor Adolf Hitler leading officials of the International Olympic Committee into the Berlin Olympic Stadium, Germany, 21 Jun 1936, photo 2 of 2A street corner on Unter den Linden in Berlin, Germany during the 1936 Summer Olympic Games, 21 Jun 1936Reich Chancellor Adolf Hitler leading officials of the International Olympic Committee into the Berlin Olympic Stadium, Germany, 21 Jun 1936, photo 1 of 2
22 Jun 1936

Latvia
  • Three Latvian Seal aircraft under the command of Colonel Janis Indans took off from Liepaja, Latvia for Britain. ww2dbase [Seal | Liepaja | CPC]
23 Jun 1936
  • Franklin Roosevelt was nominated for second term as US President at the Democratic National Convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. ww2dbase [Franklin Roosevelt | CPC]
24 Jun 1936
  • German Field Marshal Werner von Blomberg drew up Case Green as a hypothetical campaign against Czechoslovakia. ww2dbase [Werner von Blomberg | CPC]
Germany
26 Jun 1936 Germany
  • Piloted by Ewald Rohlfs, the Focke-Wulf Fw 61 V1 twin-rotor helicopter made its first flight of about half a minute duration. The Fw 61 was the world's first completely successful helicopter design. ww2dbase [AC]
Russia
  • The Soviet Council on Labor and Defense presented a ten-year plan to the Politburo for a 1,360,000-ton navy. ww2dbase [Moscow | CPC]
27 Jun 1936

United Kingdom
  • The Hurricane fighter design officially received its "Hurricane" designation. ww2dbase [Hurricane | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Jun 1936
Chiang Kaishek and General Long Yun of Yunnan Provincial Government in Nanjing, China, 27 Jun 1936
29 Jun 1936
  • Cruiser Köln completed operations off Spain. ww2dbase [Köln | CPC]
  • The US Congress passed the Merchant Marine Act (1936) which set in place the necessary legislation to create series-production facilities for mercantile hulls. This legislation would ultimately have important consequences for the wartime Battle of the Atlantic. ww2dbase [AC]
Japan
30 Jun 1936
  • The active duty strength of the US Marine Corps was reported to be 1,208 officers and 16,040 enlisted men for a total of 17,248. ww2dbase [CPC]
United States
  • American author Margaret Mitchell's novel, Gone with the Wind, was published. The book would win the Pulitzer Prize and be turned into a famous movie. ww2dbase [AC]
1 Jul 1936

Aden
  • Air Commodore Wilfred McClaughry was made the commanding officer of British Forces Aden, succeeding Leslie Gossage. ww2dbase [CPC]
Germany United States
  • The US 2nd Marine Brigade was formed at San Diego, California, United States for deployment to China. ww2dbase [San Diego, California | AC]
2 Jul 1936

Germany
  • Heinrich Himmler celebrated the 1,000th anniversary of the passing of King Heinrich I at the Quedlinburg Dom (also known as the Collegiate Church of St. Servatius) at Quedlinburg, Germany. ww2dbase [Heinrich Himmler | Quedlinburg, Magdeburg-Anhalt | CPC]
5 Jul 1936

Latvia
  • Three Latvian Seal aircraft under the command of Colonel Janis Indans returned to Latvia, completing a 6,000-kilometer round trip journey between Latvia and Britain. ww2dbase [Seal | CPC]
6 Jul 1936
  • The British RAF Fighter Command was established. ww2dbase [CPC]
9 Jul 1936

France
  • The French Army started its first evaluation of the Lorraine 37L armored tracked carrier. ww2dbase [37L | CPC]
Germany
  • The keel of of M1 was laid down by StĂĽlcken at the H. C. StĂĽlcken Sohn shipyard in Hamburg, Germany. ww2dbase [H. C. StĂĽlcken Sohn | M1 | Hamburg | CPC]
10 Jul 1936
  • The US Navy's Bureau of Aeronautics changed the specification of Grumman's new F4F prototype from a biplane to a monoplane configuration. The aircraft would emerge as the successful Wildcat fighter. ww2dbase [F4F Wildcat | AC]
11 Jul 1936
  • Quintin Brand was appointed the Director of Repair and Maintenance of the RAF. ww2dbase [Quintin Brand | CPC]
  • Germany and Austria signed an agreement in which Germany promised to respect Austria's sovereignty and Austria agrees to be considered a state of the German people. In a secret clause of this agreement, Austria was to permit the Nazi Party. ww2dbase [Annexation of Austria | CPC]
12 Jul 1936

Spain
  • In Spain, CalvĂ© Sotelo, a well-known monarchist, was murdered by Republican storm troopers, and passions were roused to even greater fury when, at the funeral, police opened fire, killing four of the mourners. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
14 Jul 1936
  • Hugh Dowding was appointed the first commander-in-chief of the British RAF Fighter Command. In this role, he was also in charge of the Anti-Aircraft Command, the Balloon Command, and the Observer Corps. ww2dbase [Hugh Dowding | CPC]
  • The H6K flying boat took its first flight. ww2dbase [H6K | AC]
United Kingdom
  • RAF Fighter Command's Headquarters moved from RAF Uxbridge to Bentley Priory in England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [England | AC]
  • The British Royal Air Force was reorganised to reflect the demands of expansion. The RAF would now consist of four distinctive commands (Bomber, Fighter, Coastal and Air Training) each with their own service responsibilities. ww2dbase [AC]
15 Jul 1936

Spain
  • Fal CondĂ©, leader of the ardent Catholic Carlist movement in Spain, agreed to call out his 8,400 strong RequetĂ©s Militia to support the Nationalist cause. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
United States
16 Jul 1936
  • Arturo Riccardi was made Commander of the Colonial Order of the Star of Italy. ww2dbase [Arturo Riccardi | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • An attempt was made to assassinate British King Edward VIII in London, England, United Kingdom. An Irish malcontent, Jerome Brannigan (otherwise known as George Andrew McMahon), produced a loaded revolver as the King rode on horseback at Constitution Hill, near Buckingham Palace. Police spotted the gun and pounced on him; he was quickly arrested. At Brannigan's trial, he alleged that "a foreign power" had approached him to kill Edward, that he had informed MI5 of the plan, and that he was merely seeing the plan through to help MI5 catch the real culprits. The court rejected the claims and sent him to jail for a year. ww2dbase [London, England | AC]
18 Jul 1936
  • Throughout Spain and Spanish Morocco military garrisons (aided in place by the Guardia Civil and the Falange) rose in revolt against the Republican Government. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
19 Jul 1936
  • General Francisco Franco flew from Tenerife, Canary Islands to Tetuan, Spanish Morocco to take over command of the Spanish Army of Africa. Meanwhile, he also appealed to Germany and Italy for volunteer fighters. ww2dbase [Francisco Franco | AC]
  • The insurgent Spanish Nationalists succeeded in seizing power in Morocco, Navarre, Galicia, Old Castile, and Seville, but were thwarted in the key cities off Barcelona and Madrid. Santiago Casares Quiroga of the Left Republican Party resigned from the post of Prime Minister of the Republic; President Manuel Azana asked Diego Martinez Barrio, a member of the Republican Union Party, to form a moderate government which could negotiate with the rebels; when Barrio was unable to form a government which enjoyed and real support he resigned. Professor Jose Giral of the Republican Party would replace him and ordered that arms be distributed to the workers. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
United States
  • Bob Feller made his Major League Baseball debut. ww2dbase [Robert Feller | CPC]
20 Jul 1936
  • When it became apparent that the rising in Madrid, Spain had failed, the Nationalist supporters in Toledo (40 miles to the south-west of the capital) occupied the Military Academy in the Alcazar fortress. The garrison was mainly drawn from the local Guardia Civil and Falange, and was commanded by the Commandant of the Academy, Colonel Jose Moscardo. For two months the defenders held out against the Republican Militia units besieging them, and were finally relieved when troops from the Army of Africa, led by Colonel Jose Varela, stormed into Toledo. The relieve of the Alcazar Academy did much to enhance General Franco’s reputation, but the diversion of Varela’s troops from the advance on Madrid gave the capital’s defenders further time to prepare their defences. On this same date, in Madrid, Spanish Prime Minister Giral appealed to the French Socialist Government (whose Prime Minister was Leon Blum) for arms supplies as the Nationalists appealed to Germany and Italy. Finally, the nominal leader of the rising, General Jose Sanjurjo, was killed when the aircraft bringing him from Portugal to Burgos, Spain crashed on take-off. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
21 Jul 1936
  • El Ferrol, the main naval base in the north-west of Spain, surrendered to the Nationalists. As a result the Nationalists acquired battleship Espana, cruiser Republica, cruiser Admirante Cervera, destroyer Valesco, and two under-construction cruisers Baleares and Canarias. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
22 Jul 1936
  • A German businessman from Spanish Morocco met Adolf Hitler in Bayreuth, Germany and handed the German leader a letter from Francisco Franco requesting German resistance in the Spanish Civil War. Meanwhile, Franco's Nationalist forces captured Alto de Leon to the north-west of Madrid, Spain. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
  • Omar Bradley was promoted to the rank of lieutenant colonel. ww2dbase [Omar Bradley | CPC]
United States
23 Jul 1936
  • The Committee of National Defence, the Spanish Nationalist Government, met for the first time in Burgos. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Tucker was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Tucker | CPC]
  • ShCh-313 was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [ShCh-401 | CPC]
25 Jul 1936
  • The COMINTERN agreed to send volunteers and funds to aid the Spanish Republic. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
27 Jul 1936
  • The airlift, which was to carry the Army of Africa from Spanish Morocco to Spain, began when German and Italian transport aircraft arrived in Spain’s North African territories. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
Germany
  • Fleet escort ship F8 was launched at the Blohm und Voss yard in Hamburg, Germany. ww2dbase [Blohm und Voss | F8 | Hamburg | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Jul 1936
Captured Spanish Nationalist officer, Madrid, Spain, 27 Jul 1936
29 Jul 1936

Germany
  • The order for the construction of U-40 was issued. ww2dbase [U-40 | CPC]
30 Jul 1936
  • Cruiser Köln began operations off Spain. ww2dbase [Köln | CPC]
Italy United States Photo(s) dated 30 Jul 1936
Crown Prince Paul of Greece with the first Olympic marathon winner Spiridon Louis at Tempelhof Airport, Berlin, Germany during the 1936 Summer Olympic Games, 30 Jul 1936
1 Aug 1936
  • Georg von Bismarck was promoted to the rank of Oberstleutnant. ww2dbase [Georg von Bismarck | CPC]
China
  • Lieutenant General Huang Guangrui was named the commandant of the Chinese Central Aviation Academy at Jianqio Airfield, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China, relieving Lieutenant General Chen Qingyun. ww2dbase [Jianqiao Airfield | Hangzhou, Zhejiang | CPC]
Germany Japan
  • Korechika Anami was made the head of the Military Affairs Bureau of the Army Ministry. ww2dbase [Korechika Anami | CPC]
Taiwan
  • Shunroku Hata was named the commanding officer of the Taiwan Army. ww2dbase [Shunroku Hata | CPC]
4 Aug 1936

France
  • The French Army completed its first evaluation of the Lorraine 37L armored tracked carrier; it was rejected due to an inadequate powerplant. ww2dbase [37L | CPC]
Greece
  • General Ioannis Metaxas, the Greek Royalist Dictator, declared the 4th of August Regime; he took on the title of Arkhigos. With the authority of the recently restored King George II, he issued a decree putting an end to party politics. His rule was enforced by the police and secret police of his loyal supporter, Constantinos Maniadakis, Minister of National Security. ww2dbase [Ioannis Metaxas | Athens | CPC, AC]
5 Aug 1936

Photo(s) dated 5 Aug 1936
Chancellor Hitler, General Witzleben of German III Corps, and SS-ObergruppenfĂĽhrer Dietrich leaving the 300m freestyle swimming event of the 1936 Summer Olympic Games, Berlin, Germany, 5 Aug 1936
9 Aug 1936
  • A Spanish Republican expeditionary force of Catalan and Valencian troops, commanded by Air Force Captain Alberto Bayo and Guardia Civil Captain Manuel Uribarri, landed on the iland of Ibiza, Spain in the Mediterranean Sea. With the help of local people the expeditionary force quickly overcame the Nationalist garrison, and the island returned to Republican rule. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
Germany
  • During the Summer Olympic Games in Berlin, Germany, Jesse Owens won his fourth gold medal, becoming the first American to win four medals in one Olympiad. Owens commented that Adolf Hitler, although biased against people of African descent, rose and waved at him as he paraded with other medal winners before the German leader; Franklin Roosevelt, however, "didn't even send me a telegram." ww2dbase [Berlin | CPC]
10 Aug 1936
  • Cruiser Köln completed operations off Spain. ww2dbase [Köln | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Aug 1936
Valery Chkalov, Joseph Stalin, Belyakov, Kliment Voroshilov, and Lazar Kaganovich, 10 Aug 1936
11 Aug 1936
  • The Spanish Nationalist gunboat Eduardo Dato was sunk at Algeciras, Spain by the Republican battleship Jaime I. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
12 Aug 1936

Germany
  • U-27 was commissioned into service with Korvettenkapitän Hans Ibbeken in command; the submarine was assigned to 2nd Flotilla. ww2dbase [U-27 | CPC]
13 Aug 1936
  • The Spanish Republican battleship Jaime I was damaged by a Nationalist air attack off the coast of Malaga, Spain. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
14 Aug 1936
  • Spanish Nationalist forces, drawn from the Army of Africa and led by Colonel Juan Yague, captured Badajoz, Spain. The two parts of Nationalist Spain were now linked. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
United States
16 Aug 1936
  • Spanish Republican Catalan troops led by Captain Bayo landed on Majorca, Spain and by the evening had advanced eight miles inland from their landing place at Porto Cristo. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
  • Filipp Golikov was awarded the Order of the Red Star for the first time. ww2dbase [Filipp Golikov | CPC]
  • The first five CV 35 tanks arrived at Vigo harbour, Spain, as the first step in the Italian involvement in the Spanish Civil War. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
Russia
  • Georgy Zhukov was awarded the Order of Lenin for the first time. ww2dbase [Georgy Zhukov | CPC]
17 Aug 1936

United Kingdom
  • The Hurricane prototype fighter took another test flight at Brooklands near Weybridge, Surrey, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Hurricane | Weybridge, England | CPC]
24 Aug 1936
  • Philippine President Manuel Quezon granted Douglas MacArthur the title of field marshal in the Philippine Army. ww2dbase [Douglas MacArthur | CPC]
  • The new Soviet Ambassador, Marcel Rosenberg, arrived in Republican Spain. He was accompanied by a large number of Soviet "advisers". ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
United States
  • The Cunard White Star liner RMS Queen Mary, arrived in New York, United States having made the Atlantic crossing in 4 days 27 minutes and taking the Blue Riband from the French liner Normandie. ww2dbase [Queen Mary | New York | AC]
27 Aug 1936
  • Porter was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Porter | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Aug 1936
German Colonel Manhnke shaking hands with Hanna Reitsch, the only female competitor at the glider competition in the Rhön mountains region of Germany, 27 Aug 1936
28 Aug 1936
31 Aug 1936
  • The United States passed a neutrality bill according to popular isolationist sentiment. The slogan "schools, not battleships" was used by supporters of this bill. ww2dbase [CPC]
1 Sep 1936
  • Drayton was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Drayton | CPC]
China
  • Arthur Chin was promoted to first lieutenant and was assigned the flight leader of the Chinese 6th Squadron. ww2dbase [Arthur Chin | CPC]
  • Gao Youxin enrolled in the Central Aviation Academy of China. ww2dbase [Gao Youxin | CPC]
3 Sep 1936
  • Spanish Republican Catalan troops on Majorca, Spain, faced by a much stronger Spanish Nationalist Garrison (than that on Ibiza) under the command of Colonel Garcia Ruiz, were thrown back by a counter-attack supported by Italian fighters aircraft and bombers. The Republican force rapidly withdrew to the beaches and, covered by the guns of the battleship Jaime I, re-embark aboard the ships which had brought them. Meanwhile, on the mainland, Nationalist forces captured Talavera de la Reina. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
United States
4 Sep 1936
  • Francisco Largo Caballero (the leader of the Socialists) became Spain's Prime Minister. His Government was a coalition of Socialists, Communists and Left Republicans. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
5 Sep 1936
  • The Spanish Nationalists closed the border between the Basque Provinces in Spain and France when Irun was captured by troops led by Colonel Alfonso Beorlegui. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
China
  • Zang Xilan arrived at the Army Military Academy in Nanjing, China for physical examination as preparation for flight training. ww2dbase [Zang Xilan | Nanjing | CPC]
6 Sep 1936
  • Italian aircraft arrived in Majorca, Balearic Islands, Spain and set up bases from which to bomb Spanish Republican positions. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
7 Sep 1936
  • The first autonomous Basque Government, led by Jose Antonio Aguirre, was formed in Spain. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Pierre Barjot was promoted to the rank of lieutenant commander. ww2dbase [Pierre Barjot | CPC]
Japan
8 Sep 1936

France
  • French Army tested AMR 33 light tanks with upgraded suspension systems. ww2dbase [AMR 33 | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 8 Sep 1936
Nazi Party rally at Zeppelinfeld, Nuremberg, Germany, 8 Sep 1936; the structure was designed by Albert Speer
9 Sep 1936
  • At the annual party rally Hitler announced a four year plan for economic and military revival under the supervision of Hermann Göring. Hjalmar Schlat, the Reich Minister of Economics, insultingly was not notified of the plan until it was publicly announced. ww2dbase [Hermann Göring | AC]
United Kingdom
  • The Non-Intervention Committee met for the first time in London, England, United Kingdom. It was created to prevent personnel and matĂ©riel reaching the warring parties of the Spanish Civil War. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | London, England | AC]
10 Sep 1936
  • Do 18 flying boat "Zephir" piloted by Lufthansa Flugkapitän Blankenburg was launched from the German seaplane tender Schwabenland by catapult in the Azores. Do 18 flying boat "Aeolus" was similarly launched. ww2dbase [Do 18 | CPC]
11 Sep 1936
  • Do 18 flying boat "Aeolus" arrived at Hamilton, Bermuda from the Azores after a 18-hour 15-minute flight. Several hours later, Do 18 flying boat "Zephir" arrived at New York, New York, United States from the Azores after a 22-hour 12-minute flight. ww2dbase [Do 18 | CPC]
Russia
  • A TB-3-4AM-34FRN aircraft, piloted by A. B. Yumashev, broke the payload-to-altitude record by carrying a 5,000-kilogram load to the altitude of 8,116 meters. ww2dbase [TB-3 | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 11 Sep 1936
Adolf Hitler, Robert Ley, and Rudolf HeĂź at a Nazi rally at NĂĽrnberg, Germany, 11 Sep 1936
12 Sep 1936
  • The AT-2/Ki-34 aircraft took its first flight. ww2dbase [Ki-34 | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 Sep 1936
Spanish Nationalist soldier throwing a grenade toward Republican lines, Burgos, Spain, 12 Sep 1936
13 Sep 1936
  • Rudolf Höss was promoted to the rank of SS-UntersturmfĂĽhrer. ww2dbase [Rudolf Höss | CPC]
  • The Spanish Nationalists captured San Sebastian, Spain. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
Germany
  • Karl Burk was promoted to the rank of SS-HauptsturmfĂĽhrer. ww2dbase [Karl Burk | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 13 Sep 1936
Field Marshal von Blomberg, Colonel General von Fritsch, and Admiral Raeder at the main market area of NĂĽrnberg, Germany during a Nazi rally, 13 Sep 1936
14 Sep 1936

Photo(s) dated 14 Sep 1936
US Navy Destroyer Squadron 20 maneuvering off San Diego, California, United States, 14 Sep 1936; note destroyers Dewey, Hull, and Macdonough, with PBY-1, P2Y, and PM-1 aircraft aboveDewey and Hull maneuvering off San Diego, California, United States during an demonstration with US Navy Destroyer Squadron 20, 14 Sep 1936US Navy Destroyer Squadron 20 laying a smoke screen off San Diego, California, United States, 14 Sep 1936; note destroyers Farragut, Dewey, Hull, Macdonough, Worden, Dale, Monaghan, and AylwinDestroyer Dale leading destroyer Monaghan through a turn during an exhibition off San Diego, California, United States by US Navy Destroyer Squadron 20 for Movietone News, 14 Sep 1936
See all photos dated 14 Sep 1936
15 Sep 1936
  • Franklin Roosevelt ordered the United States Post Office, employers, and labor unions to assist the United States Social Security Administration to distribution SS-4 employer and SS-5 employee application forms for establishing Social Security Numbers. ww2dbase [Franklin Roosevelt | CPC]
  • Submarine Pollack was launched, sponsored by Miss Anne Carter Lauman. ww2dbase [Pollack | CPC]
16 Sep 1936 French Morocco
  • Charles Hippolyte Noguès was made the Resident-General of French Morocco, replacing Marcel Peyrouton. ww2dbase [CPC]
Russia
  • A TB-3-4AM-34FRN aircraft, piloted by A. B. Yumashev, broke the payload-to-altitude record by carrying a 10,000-kilogram load to the altitude of 6,605 meters. ww2dbase [TB-3 | CPC]
17 Sep 1936

Photo(s) dated 17 Sep 1936
Lexington off Long Beach, California, 17 Sep 1936, with crewmembers spelling out
18 Sep 1936
  • Mahan was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Mahan | CPC]
19 Sep 1936
  • The Spanish Republican submarine B6 was sunk by Nationalist naval forces, led by the destroyer Velasco, off Cape Penas near Santander, Spain. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
20 Sep 1936

Russia
  • A TB-3-4AM-34FRN aircraft, piloted by A. B. Yumashev, broke the payload-to-altitude record by carrying a 12,000-kilogram load to the altitude of 2,700 meters. ww2dbase [TB-3 | CPC]
21 Sep 1936

Photo(s) dated 21 Sep 1936
Smith and Preston at the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, United States, 21 Sep 1936
22 Sep 1936
  • Do 18 flying boat "Aeolus" arrived at Horta, Azores from Hamilton, Bermuda after a 17-hour 50-minute flight. ww2dbase [Do 18 | CPC]
France
  • The French Army started its second evaluation of the Lorraine 37L armored tracked carrier. ww2dbase [37L | CPC]
24 Sep 1936

Photo(s) dated 24 Sep 1936
Hazel Ying Lee at an air show in Shanghai, China, 24 Sep 1936; note Shanghai mayor Wu Tiecheng behind Lee
27 Sep 1936
  • Jules Marcel de Coppet was named the Governor-General of French West Africa. ww2dbase [CPC]
28 Sep 1936
  • Arturo Riccardi was made Grand Officer of the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus. ww2dbase [Arturo Riccardi | CPC]
29 Sep 1936
  • The Spanish Republican destroyer Almirante Juan Fernandez was sunk by the Nationalist cruiser Canarias during a naval battle off the coast near Gibraltar. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
Russia
  • ShCh-317 was commissioned into service with Captain V. A. Yegorov in command. ww2dbase [ShCh-317 | CPC]
30 Sep 1936

Japan
1 Oct 1936
  • At Burgos, Spain, Francisco Franco was publicly proclaimed as the Head of State and the GeneralĂ­simo of the military. ww2dbase [Francisco Franco | CPC]
  • The Spanish Republican Government approved the statute giving autonomy to the Basque Provinces. ww2dbase [AC]
  • The US 1st Marine Brigade began a three-month amphibious and field landing exercise in and near Potomac, Maryland, United States. ww2dbase [CPC]
Germany
  • Maximilian von Weichs was promoted to the rank of General der Kavallerie. ww2dbase [Maximilian von Weichs | CPC]
2 Oct 1936
  • Werner Mölders received the Dienstauszeichnung 4th Class award. ww2dbase [Werner Mölders | CPC]
  • Kurt Fricke was awarded the Wehrmacht Long Service Award 1st with 4th Class. ww2dbase [Kurt Frike | CPC]
Germany
  • Georg von KĂĽchler was made the deputy president of the military court system. ww2dbase [Georg von KĂĽchler | CPC]
3 Oct 1936

Photo(s) dated 3 Oct 1936
Hitler, Blomberg, and Raeder at Scharnhorst
4 Oct 1936

United Kingdom
  • Battle of Cable Street: In Britain, Sir Oswald Ernald, 6th Baronet, Mosley, led around 2,000 BUF members in uniform in a march through the East End (an area of London known to have a high proportion of Jewish residents and much poverty) in an attempt designed to intimidate local Jews and rally fascist sympathisers. This was a fatal mistake, for waiting for him in Cable Street were around 100,000 counter-demonstrators who had overturned a lorry and piled up bricks as a barricade. The police seeing what was about to happen ordered Moseley and his men to turn away. They did. The police then turned on the anti-fascist demonstrators and in the ensuing fracas more than a hundred people were injured and eighty arrested. This confrontation was just as disastrous to the BUF as the Olympia rally had been. Moderates deserted in droves. ww2dbase [Oswald Mosley | London, England | AC]
Photo(s) dated 4 Oct 1936
View of submarine Permit with fore poppet, Groton, Connecticut, United States, 4 Oct 1936View of submarine Permit
5 Oct 1936

United States Photo(s) dated 5 Oct 1936
Launching of submarine Permit, Groton, Connecticut, United States, 1215 hours on 5 Oct 1936
6 Oct 1936
  • Francisco Franco decided that the time was ripe for an attack on Madrid, Spain and entrusted the task to JosĂ© Enrique Varela, the most dynamic Nationalist commander, who was fresh from his Toledo triumph. His force of 10,000 men was to be divided into four columns; two of which under Juan YaguĂ© (now recovered from his "collapse with exhaustion") would advance along the Toledo-Madrid road, while Varela would take the other two columns along the MĂ©rida-Madrid road. A subsidiary force of 5,000 men under General Valdes Cabanillas was ordered to make a diversionary attack from the west across the Sierra Guadarrama. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
Germany
  • Oswald Mosley married Diana Mitford in secret at the home of Joseph Goebbels in Berlin, Germany. Their guests included Adolf Hitler. ww2dbase [Oswald Mosley | Berlin | CPC]
7 Oct 1936

Germany
9 Oct 1936

France
  • The French Army issued the third and final order of AMR 35 light tanks. ww2dbase [AMR 35 | CPC]
10 Oct 1936
  • The Spanish Republican Government announced the creation of the Popular Army. This was to incorporate both the Army units which had remained loyal to the Government and the Party Militias. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
Germany
11 Oct 1936

Photo(s) dated 11 Oct 1936
Harry Hopkins speaking to a radio audience, Washington, United States, 11 Oct 1936
12 Oct 1936
  • The first Soviet aid to the Spanish Republicans arrived. Meanwhile, the Republican submarine B5 was sunk by Nationalist aircraft off the coast near Malaga, Spain. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
China
  • Liu Zhesheng graduated from the Central Aviation Academy of China. ww2dbase [Liu Zhesheng | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 Oct 1936
Official signing ceremony of the Charter of Zamboanga City, Mindanao island, Philippine Islands, 12 Oct 1936
14 Oct 1936
  • The United States Social Security Administration's first field office opened in Austin, Texas, United States. ww2dbase [CPC]
15 Oct 1936
  • The Spanish Republican Popular Army established a system of Commissars (Political Officers) in each unit. ww2dbase [AC]
Japan
  • Japanese cruiser Kumano launched at Kawasaki's shipyard, Kobe. Prince Fushimi Hiroyasu, a second cousin to the Emperor, represents the Imperial family. ww2dbase [Kumano | Kobe, Hyogo | DS]
Spain
  • 50 Soviet T-26 Model 1933 light tanks arrived in Spain to aid the Republic forces in the Spanish Civil War. ww2dbase [T-26 | CPC]
18 Oct 1936
  • The second Four-Year plan was passed into law, which gave Göring the authority to remove any political or institutional obstacle to achieving the plan (e.g. to ride roughshod over any objections to rearmament). ww2dbase [Hermann Göring | AC]
19 Oct 1936

Photo(s) dated 19 Oct 1936
German military recruit reporting to a sergeant, Berlin, Germany, 19 Oct 1936German cadet with two recruits, Berlin, Germany, 19 Oct 1936
20 Oct 1936

China
22 Oct 1936

China
  • Ding Delong was promoted to the rank of major general. ww2dbase [Ding Delong | CPC]
25 Oct 1936
  • The Rome-Berlin Axis treaty was signed. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • A large part of Spain’s gold reserves (which remained in Republican controlled Spain after the rising) was transferred to Russia to pay for Soviet aid. ww2dbase [AC]
26 Oct 1936
  • Germany set up a the Reich Central Office for Combating Abortion and Homosexuality to specifically deal with homosexuality and abortion, both of which, in their thinking, decreases the German birth rate. ww2dbase [CPC]
27 Oct 1936
  • Preston (Mahan-class) was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Preston (Mahan-class) | CPC]
  • Mrs. Wallis Simpson, mistress of King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom, was awarded a decree nisi in her divorce proceedings against her second husband. ww2dbase [AC]
28 Oct 1936
  • The first 25 I-15 fighters, accompanied by 15 Soviet pilots, arrived in Cartagena, Spain. ww2dbase [I-15 | CPC]
Russia
  • A TB-3-4AM-34FRN aircraft, piloted by A. B. Yumashev, broke the payload-to-altitude record by carrying a 5,000-kilogram load to the altitude of 8,900 meters. ww2dbase [TB-3 | CPC]
29 Oct 1936
  • Soviet tanks and aircraft appeared in the front-line for the first time in the Spanish Civil War. Meanwhile, German and Italian bombers began a series of raids on Madrid, Spain in the hope of destroying civilian resistance. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
  • In Germany, Josef Wagner, the Gauleiter of Silesia, was appointed Price Commissar to ensure that inflation did not undermine the Four Year Plan announced by Hitler in Sep 1936. ww2dbase [AC]
France
  • The French Army completed its second evaluation of the Lorraine 37L armored tracked carrier; it was accepted. ww2dbase [37L | CPC]
Spain
  • T-26 tanks saw their first combat action in Spain. ww2dbase [T-26 | CPC]
30 Oct 1936

United Kingdom
  • The Crystal Palace, which was built in Hyde Park, London, England, United Kingdom for the Great Exhibition in 1851, was destroyed by fire. ww2dbase [London, England | AC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Oct 1936
Joseph Goebbels and Adolf Hitler at a party, Berlin, Germany, 30 Oct 1936; note Josef Dietrich in backgroundChiang Kaishek speaking with a civilian at the Xi
31 Oct 1936

Russia
  • Submarine ShCh-324 was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [ShCh-324 | Gorkiy | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The Jarrow Marchers arrived in London, England, United Kingdom. This protest was the best remembered of the hunger marches of the depression years. Led by their Labour Party Member of Parliament Ellen Wilkinson (1891-1947), 200 shipyard workers marched to London from Jarrow as a demonstration against the massive unemployment in northeastern England. ww2dbase [London, England | AC]
Photo(s) dated 31 Oct 1936
Chiang Kaishek at a celebration for his birthday, Si Wei Tang, Luoyang, Henan Province, China, 31 Oct 1936; L to R: Xu Yongchang, Zhang Xueliang, Song Meiling, Chiang Kaishek, Yan XishanChiang Kaishek and Song Meiling at the Guanlin Temple in Luoyang, Henan Province, China, 31 Oct 1936Song Meiling cutting a birthday cake for Chiang Kaishek, Luoyang, Henan Province, China, 31 Oct 1936
1 Nov 1936
  • Tetsuzo Iwamoto promoted to the rating of mechanic 1st class. ww2dbase [Tetsuzo Iwamoto | CPC]
2 Nov 1936
  • The Spanish Nationalists captured Brunete near Madrid, Spain. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
  • Commander Kanae Kozaka was made the commanding officer of Kamoi. ww2dbase [Kamoi | CPC]
3 Nov 1936
4 Nov 1936
  • The Spanish Nationalists captured Getafe near Madrid, Spain. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
  • U-36 was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [U-36 | CPC]
  • I-15 fighters first saw action in Spain, with pilots flying these aircraft shooting down two Ju 52 and two CR.32 aircraft over Madrid, Spain without any losses. ww2dbase [I-15 | CPC]
5 Nov 1936
  • Adolf Hitler told his top lieutenants that the German aim in the Spanish Civil War was not entirely to aid the Spanish Nationalists, but rather, to prolong the conflict to occupy the attention of the United Kingdom and France, and to continue to widen the chasm between the United Kingdom and Italy. ww2dbase [Adolf Hitler | CPC]
Germany
6 Nov 1936
  • Expecting Madrid to fall at any moment, the Spanish Republican Government moved to Valencia, Spain. A defence Junta under the leadership of General Jose Miaja was organised for the last-ditch defence of the capital. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
Italy
  • Submarine Iride was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Iride | CPC]
8 Nov 1936
  • The Spanish Nationalists were now poised to make an all-out attack on Madrid in the hope of capturing the Spanish capital and thus ending the war. General Emilio Mola ordered Colonel JosĂ© Varela to attack the north-west flank of the Spanish Republican defences. Most of the Nationalist troops involved being drawn from the Army of Africa. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
10 Nov 1936

Japan
  • Captain Kanji Ugaki was named the commanding officer of Tenryu. ww2dbase [Tenryu | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Nov 1936
Rydz-Smigly receiving the title of Marshal of Poland from Ignacy Moscicki, Warsaw, Poland, 10 Nov 1936
11 Nov 1936

Russia
  • Viktor Abakumov was assigned to the Department of Guards of Camps and Places of Imprisonment of the GULAG of the Soviet NKVD. ww2dbase [Viktor Abakumov | CPC]
12 Nov 1936
  • Lieutenant Commander Haruo Ota was named the commanding officer of destroyer Yuzuki. ww2dbase [Yuzuki | CPC]
  • Chen Changjie was awarded the 4th grade of the Order of the Cloud and Banner. ww2dbase [Chen Changjie | CPC]
  • Dong Zhao was awarded the Order of Resplendent Banner 4th Class. ww2dbase [Dong Zhao | CPC]
Germany United Kingdom
  • During a debate in the House of Commons, Winston Churchill attacked the British government for its slow progress on rearmament. ww2dbase [Winston Churchill | London, England | AC]
United States
  • Tatsuta Maru became the first merchant ship to pass under the Bay Bridge between San Francisco and Oakland In California, United States. ww2dbase [Tatsuta Maru | San Francisco, California | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 Nov 1936
Tennessee-class battleship entering San Francisco Bay under the nearly completed Golden Gate Bridge on her way to attend the opening of the Oakland Bay Bridge, California, United States, 12 Nov 1936
14 Nov 1936

United States
  • The US 2nd Marine Brigade began a three-day training exercise with US Navy warships at San Clemente Island, California, United States. ww2dbase [San Clemente Island, California | CPC]
15 Nov 1936
  • The German Condor Legion went into action for the first time, supporting further Nationalist operations to capture Madrid. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | CPC]
16 Nov 1936
  • Spanish Nationalist Colonel JosĂ© Varela's troops had forced a bridgehead over the River Manzanares en route to Madrid, Spain. They would capture almost three quarters of the University City in the coming week before being stopped by Spanish Republican militias. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
  • John Winant began his second term as the Chairman of the United States Social Security Board. ww2dbase [John Winant | CPC]
  • Soviet pilot Pavel Rychagov was shot down in Spain in an I-15 fighter; he survived the crash. ww2dbase [I-15 | CPC]
Japan
  • Captain Ryozo Fukuda was named the commanding officer of Nachi. ww2dbase [Nachi | CPC]
United States
  • The US 2nd Marine Brigade completed a three-day training exercise with US Navy warships at San Clemente Island, California, United States. ww2dbase [San Clemente Island, California | CPC]
17 Nov 1936
  • Submarine ShCh-205 was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [ShCh-205 | CPC]
18 Nov 1936
  • Italy and Germany officially recognized General Franco's government in Spain. On the same day, Benito Mussolini authorized an Italian expeditionary corps to be sent to Spain. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC, CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Nov 1936
Roosevelt waved farewell aboard Indianapolis, Charleston, South Carolina, 18 Nov 1936Indianapolis leaving Charleston, South Carolina with President Roosevelt for the
19 Nov 1936 Photo(s) dated 19 Nov 1936
Indianapolis
20 Nov 1936
  • Buenaventura Durruti, a leading figure in the Spanish Anarchist movement, died after sustaining battle wounds during the Spanish Civil War on the previous day. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Jose Antonio Prima de Rivera (the leader of the Falange), who had been stranded in Republican Spain at the time of the rising, was executed in Alicante. ww2dbase [AC]
  • A German decree ordered all households to save all kitchen scraps and peelings. A commissar for recycled material was appointed to encourage the public to "make-do and mend". ww2dbase [AC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Nov 1936
Roosevelt pleaded his case, Equator crossing ceremony aboard Indianapolis, Nov 1936James Roosevelt punished by Shellbacks, Equator crossing ceremony aboard Indianapolis, Nov 1936
23 Nov 1936
  • The Spanish Nationalist attack toward Madrid had stalled, but the Spanish Republican forces were exhausted as well. Althought Nationalist Colonel JosĂ© Varela had failed in his primary mission of capturing Madrid, the Nationalists now held areas in the northwest of the city, and it was becoming increasingly obvious that further frontal attacks upon Madrid would be both costly and likely to fail. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
China
  • Near Bailingmiao, Suiyuan Province, China, Chinese forces began marching toward Mongolian positions at midnight. At 1300 hours, Chinese forces of the Shanxi-Suiyuan Army began firing at Mongolian forward posts and took high ground. ww2dbase [Battle of Suiyuan | Bailingmiao, Suiyuan | CPC]
24 Nov 1936
  • The United States Social Security Administration began distributing SS-5 application forms for the future issuing of Social Security Numbers. ww2dbase [CPC]
China
  • Chinese and Mongolian troops engaged in heavy combat near Bailingmiao, Suiyuan Province, China starting at 0100 hours through dawn, pushing back Mongolian forces back repeatedly. Chinese generals Sun Changsheng and Sun Lanfeng chose to make a major push despite sunrise, which meant Japanese air support might arrive at any time. Spearheaded by armored cars, Chinese troops pushed into the town of Bailingmiao, taking it by 0930 hours. 600 to 700 Monglians were killed, 200 were captured; the Chinese suffered 300 killed and wounded. Chinese troops captured 10 field guns, 10 machine guns, 600 rifles, several radios, 500 barrels of gasoline, a food storage dump, an ammunition dump, and many horses. ww2dbase [Battle of Suiyuan | Bailingmiao, Suiyuan | CPC]
25 Nov 1936 Russia
  • In a major speech announcing the new Soviet Constitution, Joseph Stalin critically accused democracy in the capitalist countries as being "democracy for only the propertied classes", and further stated that the Soviet Union only needed to be a one-party state as "there was no longer any division between capitalists and workers, landlords and peasants". ww2dbase [Joseph Stalin | AC]
United States Photo(s) dated 25 Nov 1936
Joachim von Ribbentrop signing the Anti-Comintern Pact, Berlin, Germany, 25 Nov 1936; Japanese ambassador to Berlin Kintomo Mushakoji watching
26 Nov 1936

Taiwan
  • The consturction of the Taihoku City Hall in Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan was completed. It had cost 980,000 yen to build. ww2dbase [Taihoku | CPC]
27 Nov 1936

Photo(s) dated 27 Nov 1936
Indianapolis tied up to a wharf at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, with US President Franklin D. Roosevelt onboard, 27 Nov 1936; note SOC floatplane on catapult
28 Nov 1936

China
  • 3,000 Mongolian and Chinese irregulars loyal to the Japanese-sponsored puppet state Mengjiang launched an offensive toward Bailingmiao, Suiyuan Province, China. ww2dbase [Battle of Suiyuan | Bailingmiao, Suiyuan | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 28 Nov 1936
Harry Hopkins speaking at the dedication ceremony of LSU Stadium, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States, 28 Nov 1936
29 Nov 1936

Russia
  • ShCh-320 was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [ShCh-320 | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 29 Nov 1936
Roosevelt received salute of the Argentine Navy aboard Indianapolis, 29 Nov 1936Indianapolis bearing the Presidential emblem, late Nov 1936, photo 1 of 2Indianapolis bearing the Presidential emblem, late Nov 1936, photo 2 of 2
30 Nov 1936

Photo(s) dated 30 Nov 1936
Indianapolis at Buenos Aires, Argentina, with Roosevelt on board, 30 Nov 1936Field gun crew of Shanxi-Suiyuan Army loyal to the Nationalist Chinese, Bailingmiao, Suiyuan Province, China, late Nov 1936
1 Dec 1936
  • Mitsumasa Yonai was named the commander-in-chief of the Japanese Navy Combined Fleet. ww2dbase [Mitsumasa Yonai | CPC]
  • Hiroaki Abe became the commanding officer of cruiser Jintsu. ww2dbase [Hiroaki Abe | CPC]
  • In Germany a law against economic sabotage made it a capital offence for any German citizen to "inflict serious harm on the German economy." In addition, black-marketeering, smuggling, currency fraud and even unauthorised price increases were covered by the new law and could result in long prison sentences on conviction. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Mutsu was assigned to Japanese Navy Battleship Division 1. ww2dbase [Mutsu | CPC]
  • Thomas Holcomb was promoted to the rank of major general and was appointed the 17th Commandant of the United States Marine Corps, relieving Major General John H. Russell, Jr. who had reached the statutory retirement age. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of battleship Jean Bart was laid down. ww2dbase [Jean Bart | AC]
  • Chuichi Nagumo was named the commanding officer of the 8th Cruiser Division. ww2dbase [Chuichi Nagumo | CPC]
  • Kanae Kozaka was promoted to the rank of captain and remained the commanding officer of Kamoi. ww2dbase [Kamoi | CPC]
China
  • Vice Admiral Masaichi Maeda succeeded Admiral Hideho Wada as the commanding officer of the Ryojun Military Port (previously known as Port Arthur; now Lushunkou, Liaoning Province, China), Kwantung Leased Territory in northeastern China. ww2dbase [Ryojun Guard District | Lushunkou, Liaoning | CPC]
Germany
  • In Germany a new law made it compulsory for all eligible ethnic German juveniles to become a member of the Hitler Youth or League of German Girls organisations. ww2dbase [AC]
Japan
  • Captain Koso Abe was named the commanding officer of Naka. ww2dbase [Naka | CPC]
  • Captain Naomasa Sakonjo was named the commanding officer of Settsu. ww2dbase [Settsu | CPC]
  • Minoru Ota was made the executive officer of battleship Yamashiro. ww2dbase [Minoru Ota | CPC]
Korea
  • Lieutenant General Seiichi Kuno was named the chief of staff of the Japanese Chosen Army in occupied Korea. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Vice Admiral Keitaro Hara was named the commanding officer of Chinkai Guard District in southern Korea; Rear Admiral Junichi Mizuno was named the chief of staff. ww2dbase [Chinkai Guard District | Chinkai, Gyeongsangnam | CPC]
Taiwan
3 Dec 1936

China
  • Mongolian and Chinese irregulars loyal to the Japanese-sponsored puppet state Mengjiang launched a failed attack against Chinese positions at Bailingmiao, Suiyuan Province, China. ww2dbase [Battle of Suiyuan | Bailingmiao, Suiyuan | CPC]
4 Dec 1936

China
  • Mongolian and Chinese irregulars loyal to the Japanese-sponsored puppet state Mengjiang called off their offensive toward Bailingmiao, Suiyuan Province, China. ww2dbase [Battle of Suiyuan | Bailingmiao, Suiyuan | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The keel of RMS Queen Elizabeth was laid down by the John Brown and Company at Clydebank, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Queen Elizabeth | Clydebank, Scotland | CPC]
5 Dec 1936

Azerbaijan
  • The Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic became an independent state in the Soviet Union. ww2dbase [CPC]
Kazakhstan
  • The Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic was created as a republic of the Soviet Union. ww2dbase [CPC]
Kirghizia
  • Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic was established. ww2dbase [CPC]
6 Dec 1936
9 Dec 1936

United States Photo(s) dated 9 Dec 1936
Civilians in a subway platform air raid shelter, Madrid, Spain, 9 Dec 1936
11 Dec 1936
  • King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom abdicated in favour of his brother, Prince Albert, who would soon become King George VI. ww2dbase [George VI | AC]
12 Dec 1936
  • Xi'an Incident: Chinese generals kidnapped Chiang Kaishek in an attempt to force the Nationalist and Communist forces to form an unified front against the Japanese. ww2dbase [Xi'an Incident | CPC]
China
  • Jiang Dingwen was interned during the Xi'an Incident. ww2dbase [Jiang Dingwen | Xi'an | CPC]
France
13 Dec 1936
  • With the frontal attack on Madrid, Spain having failed, the Spanish Nationalist forces attempted to tighten their siege by cutting off the capital from the rest of Republican Spain. JosĂ© Varela launched an offensive to cut the Corunna Road which ran for 25 miles north of Madrid. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
China
  • Kong Xiangxi was made the acting head of the Executive Yuan. ww2dbase [Kong Xiangxi | CPC]
14 Dec 1936

Russia
  • The keel of submarine S-7 was laid down at Krasnoye Sormovo Factory No. 112 in Gorky, Russia. ww2dbase [S-7 | Gorky | CPC]
United States
  • The US Army set up an experimental radar set which accurately detected at up to 7-mile range aircraft flying in and out of New York City, New York, United States. ww2dbase [New York | AC]
Photo(s) dated 14 Dec 1936
German Navy Lieutenant Captain Klaus Ewerth and his sailors boarding U-36, Kiel, Germany, 14 Dec 1936
15 Dec 1936

Photo(s) dated 15 Dec 1936
German submarine U-36 at sea, late 1936, photo 1 of 3German submarine U-36 at sea, late 1936, photo 2 of 3German submarine U-36 at sea, late 1936, photo 3 of 3
16 Dec 1936
  • U-36 was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [U-36 | CPC]
Poland
  • The 4TP light tank design was completed by Edward Habich of the Polish firm Panstwowe Zaklady Inzynieryjne (PZInz). ww2dbase [4TP | CPC]
17 Dec 1936
  • Communist Party of China sent a delegation to Xi'an under the urging of Joseph Stalin. ww2dbase [Xi'an Incident | CPC]
  • In Spain, the POUM (Partido Obrero de Unification Marxist [Revolutionary (i.e. anti-Stalanist) Communists]) was ousted from the Generalitat (Catalan Government) by the Communists. ww2dbase [AC]
  • In a secret meeting, Hermann Göring told leading German industrialists that the war to which Germany was preparing for was on the horizon. ww2dbase [Hermann Göring | CPC]
20 Dec 1936

Russia
  • Viktor Abakumov was promoted to the rank of State Security Junior Lieutenant. ww2dbase [Viktor Abakumov | CPC]
21 Dec 1936
  • The Spanish Republican submarine C3 was sunk by an Italian submarine off the coast of Malaga, Spain. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
22 Dec 1936
  • Song Meiling and Song Ziwen arrived at Xi'an for negotiations to free kidnapped Chiang Kaishek. ww2dbase [Xi'an Incident | CPC]
  • The first 3,000 Italian Blackshirts arrived in Spain as volunteer fighters. They were originally organized in battalion-sized units, but would later be re-organized as three divisions after the arrival of more men and equipment. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | CPC]
23 Dec 1936
  • McDougal was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [McDougal | CPC]
Spain
  • In Spain, the Council of Aragon, which was dominated by the CNT (Confederacion Nacional de Trabajo [the Anarcho-Syndicalist Trades Union]), was recognised by the Republican Government. ww2dbase [AC]
24 Dec 1936

China
  • General Zhang Xueliang succeeded in achieving an uneasy alliance between the Nationalist and Communist forces against the common foe, Japan. ww2dbase [Xi'an Incident | Xi'an, Shaanxi | CPC]
26 Dec 1936
  • Tetsuzo Iwamoto graduated from flight training and was promoted to the rating of airman 1st class. ww2dbase [Tetsuzo Iwamoto | CPC]
China
  • Chiang Kiashek traveled from Xi'an to Nanjing in China. ww2dbase [Chiang Kaishek | Nanjing | CPC]
  • He Yingqin welcomed Chiang Kaishek's arrival after the conclusion of the Xi'an Incident at the airport of Nanjing, China. ww2dbase [He Yingqin | Nanjing | CPC]
27 Dec 1936

China
  • Jiang Dingwen was released from captivity in Xi'an, China by Zhang Xueliang. ww2dbase [Jiang Dingwen | Xi'an | CPC]
  • He Yingqin addressed a crowd of 200,000 people in a rally in Nanjing, China on behalf of Chiang Kaishek; the rally was held to celebrate Chiang's safe return after the Xi'an Incident. ww2dbase [He Yingqin | Nanjing | CPC]
28 Dec 1936

Germany
30 Dec 1936
  • The keel of HMS Edinburgh was laid down. ww2dbase [Edinburgh | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Dec 1936
Spanish Nationalist fighters, northern Spain, 30 Dec 1936
31 Dec 1936
  • Mineichi Koga was promoted to the rank of vice admiral. ww2dbase [Mineichi Koga | CPC]
  • The US 1st Marine Brigade completed its three-month amphibious and field landing exercise in and near Potomac, Maryland, United States. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 31 Dec 1936
FN.305 aircraft at le potentiel aérien mondial, 31 Dec 1936

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Famous WW2 Quote
"The raising of that flag on Suribachi means a Marine Corps for the next 500 years."

James Forrestal, Secretary of the Navy, 23 Feb 1945