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World War II Database

24 Aug 1942
  • USS Guardfish sank Japanese passenger-cargo ship Seikai Maru off Sendai, Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet Volkhov Front launched an offensive near Leningrad in northern Russia. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • US Marine Corps Major John L. Smith's VMF-223 Squadron based on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands accompanied by five USAAF P-39 fighters intercepted twenty-seven Japanese aircraft, shooting down ten bombers and fighters. Captain Marion E. Carl, who was to become the first USMC ace of the war, scored three of the kills. His Commanding Officer Major Smith would become the third Wildcat pilot to be awarded the Medal of Honour. Three Wildcat fighters were lost in the engagement. On the same day, 11 US Navy dive bombers arrived at Henderson Field as reinforcements. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • The US Army assumed command of the Amphibious Corps of the Atlantic Fleet, which was previously under the command of the US Marine Corps. The previous commanding officer, USMC Major General Holland Smith, was named the chief of the Amphibious Training Staff of the Fleet Marine Force and was relocated to Quantico, Virginia, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • 809 Japanese Special Naval Landing Force troops departed Rabaul, New Britain at 0700 hours aboard transports Nankai Maru and Kinai Maru, sailing for Milne Bay, Australian Papua. At about the same time, 450 Japanese Army troops departed Buna, Australian Papua aboard 7 barges, sailing for Goodenough Bay to support the Milne Bay invasion. The latter convoy was attacked by 12 Australian Kittyhawk fighters while stopped at Goodenough Island and all barges were destroyed. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-162 sank Dutch ship Moena 100 miles east of Barbados at 1113 hours; 4 were killed, 83 survived. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-601 sank Soviet ship Kujbyshev in the Kara Sea 55 miles west of Dikson Island in northern Russia at 1409 hours; at 1442 hours, U-601 struck again, sinking tug Medvezhonok; all aboard both ships were killed. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Soviet torpedo boat Burya and minesweeper T-204 struck mines and sank in the Gulf of Finland while attempting to sweep a German minefield. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Lucien Lippert was awarded the Iron Cross 1st Class medal. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea British Western Pacific Territories
  • Shokaku suffered light damage from bomb fragments during the Battle of the Eastern Solomons. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Mutsu escorted carriers during the Battle of the Eastern Solomons. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • A Japanese force centered around carriers Shokaku and Zuikaku sailed down into the Solomon Islands with light carrier Ryujo near the spearhead as bait to draw out US carriers known to be in the general area. In the ensuing Battle of the Eastern Solomons, Ryujo was promptly discovered and fatally damaged by several 1,000-pound bombs, but this in turn allowed aircraft from Shokaku and Zuikaku to locate USS Saratoga and USS Enterprise. Enterprise would suffer heavy damage by three bomb hits (70 were killed, 70 were injured). Japanese warships attempted to engage the US fleet after dark, but the force failed to locate the American fleet, and discontinued the search at 2330 hours. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Caroline Islands Germany
  • 226 British bombers (104 Wellington, 61 Lancaster, 53 Stirling, and 8 Halifax) attacked Frankfurt, Germany; most bombs missed their targets and fell on the villages of Schwalbach and Eschborn; 16 bombers were lost on this mission. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Libya
  • Hans-Joachim Marseille met South African prisoner of war Corporal Mathew Letulu, whom the Germans called Mathias. Letulu would soon grow close to Marseille as his servant and friend. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Marshal Georgy Zhukov was sent to Stalingrad, Russia to take over the defense. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Tuscaloosa, USS Rodman, USS Emmons, and HMS Onslaught departed Murmansk, Russia. HMS Marne, HMS Martin, HMS Middleton, and HMS Blankney departed Arkhangelsk, Russia. Both groups of Allied warships were sailing for Iceland; some of them carried Soviet diplomats and survivors of various sunken or damaged merchant ships. At 2002 hours, German minelayer Ulm, which had departed Narvik, Norway at 0400 hours earlier on the same day, was attacked by HMS Onslaught, HMS Marne, and HMS Martin; Marne was hit twice in the engagement (4 were killed), but the British ships were able to sink Ulm at 2235 hours; 132 were killed, 54 survived (30 to 40 of whom were captured by the British). ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The keel of destroyer Luce was laid down at Bethlehem Mariners Harbor, Staten Island, New York, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The keel of submarine Cero was laid down by the Electric Boat Company in Groton, Connecticut, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Aug 1942
Bomb dropped by Japanese pilot Kazumi Horie exploding on the flight deck of USS Enterprise during Battle of the Eastern Solomons, 24 Aug 1942Aerial view of Ryujo during the Battle of the Eastern Solomons, 24 Aug 1942Akimoto Tamotsu and Koitabashi Hiroshi flying their D3A carrier dive bomber (foreground) returning to carrier Shokaku after attacking USS Enterprise during Battle of the Eastern Solomons, 24 Aug 1942Japanese D3A dive bomber being shot down over USS Enterprise during the Battle of the Eastern Solomons, 24 Aug 1942

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

24 Aug 1942 Interactive Map




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Winston Churchill, on the RAF