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World War II Database

19 Mar 1945
  • USS Sea Robin departed Subic Bay, Philippine Islands, continuing her second war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Seventh Army captured Worms, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • Hitler issued the Nero Decree, which was a scorched Earth policy to prevent any industry, utility, or transportation from being used by the advancing Allied and Soviet armies. Albert Speer, the Armaments Minister, recognized the need for this infrastructure after the war and undermined efforts to carry out the decree. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • General of Panzer Troops Walther Nehring replaced Gotthard Heinrici as the commander of the German 1.Panzerarmee. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler ordered Gotthard Heinrici to replace Heinrich Himmler as the commander of Group Vistula as suggested by Heinz Guderian. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • France signed an economic pact with the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg. ww2dbase [CPC]
Burma
  • Anglo-Indian troops attempted to cross the moat of Fort Dufferin in Mandalay, Burma in failure, suffering heavy casualties. A commando raid was put together to penetrate the fortress, but it would not be carried out due to the unexpected Japanese surrender on the next day. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Danzig
  • Soviet troops captured the heights over Zoppot, Germany (formerly of Danzig; now Sopot, Poland) near the city of Danzig. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • Dwight Eisenhower, Walter Bedell Smith, and Kay Summersby arrived at Cannes, France to take a short break from the war. He spent much of the next three days sleeping and simply doing nothing. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • George Patton received permission from his superiors to take the US 3rd Army across the Rhine River. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS S-35 was decommissioned from service at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Parche departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her fifth war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan
  • Light carrier Hosho was attacked by 7 US aircraft off Kure, Japan at 0532 hours, receiving three hits, which caused minor damage and killed six. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Yorktown (Essex-class) continued air operations against the three southernmost islands of Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | DS]
  • Light carrier Ryuho was damaged by three bombs and two rockets delivered by US aircraft at Kure, Japan between 0720 and 0905 hours. 20 were killed and 30 were wounded. Her flight deck and boiler room were damaged, and a gash on the port side caused her to settle in six feet of water on the aft side. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • In Japan, aircraft of US Navy TF 58 attacked targets on Kyushu and Honshu (Kure, Osaka, and Kobe), destroying submarine I-205 (still under construction) and damaging many warships. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Franklin was struck by a 250-kilogram bomb by a Japanese D4Y3 or D3A aircraft, which broke through the fir planks and detonated in the hangar deck; the 22 aircraft in the hangar deck, which were in the process of arming and refueling, burst in blames. A second bomb, ignition of gasoline vapors, or ignition of ammunition destroyed a further 31 aircraft. Damage control teams were able to save the ship. 724 were killed and 265 were wounded. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Bluefish damaged a Japanese boat south of Japan with her deck gun. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Kete was ordered to depart Ryukyu Islands area for refueling at Midway, then to sail on to Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Iowa departed San Francisco, California, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Mar 1945
Kaiyo (center) under attack by SB2C Helldiver bombers from USS Essex, Kure, Japan, 19 Mar 1945; the carrier at bottom was either Amagi or KatsuragiYamato under air attack in the Inland Sea, 19 Mar 1945A B-24M-1-FO Liberator bomber of the 15th Air Force released its bombs on the railyards at Muhldorf, Germany, 19 Mar 1945Franklin listing and afire after being hit by two bombs, off Japan, 19 Mar 1945; photograph taken from cruiser Santa Fe
See all photos dated 19 Mar 1945

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

19 Mar 1945 Interactive Map




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Famous WW2 Quote
"No bastard ever won a war by dying for his country. You win the war by making the other poor dumb bastard die for his country!"

George Patton, 31 May 1944