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1 Jan 1949

Netherlands
  • Conrad Helfrich retired from the Dutch Navy. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Jan 1949
Actor John Wayne and Major General Graves Erskine during the filming of the movie Sands of Iwo Jima, 1 Jan 1949Actor Forrest Tucker, actor John Wayne, director Allan Dwan, Major General Graves Erskine, and others during the filming of the movie Sands of Iwo Jima, 1 Jan 1949
2 Jan 1949

China
  • Chen Changjie received a letter from the Chinese Communists urging his surrender of Tianjin, China; he would reject the request. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
5 Jan 1949

Taiwan
  • Chen Cheng was named the Chairman of Taiwan Province, Republic of China and the Chief of Police. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
7 Jan 1949
  • Israeli aircraft attacked and shot down four Spitfire Mk XVIII fighters (of No. 208 Squadron RAF) and a Hawker Tempest fighter which were conducting reconnaissance patrols over Israel. Two RAF pilots were killed. ww2dbase [AC]
8 Jan 1949

Japan
  • Yoshijiro Umezu passed away from rectal cancer while in imprisonment in Tokyo, Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
10 Jan 1949

China
  • Du Yuming was captured by communist forces at the Battle of Xubang (also known as the Huaihai Campaign) in Yongcheng, city of Shangqiu, Henan Province, China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
13 Jan 1949

China
  • Chen Changjie received an ultimatum from the Chinese Communists regarding the surrender of Tianjin, China; he again rejected the request. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
15 Jan 1949

China
  • Chen Changjie was captured by Chinese Communist forces in Tianjin, China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
21 Jan 1949

China
  • Chiang Kaishek stepped down as the President of the Republic of China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Acting President Li Zongren pardoned Wei Lihuang. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Fritz Knoechlein, formerly an officer in the German SS Toptenkopf, went to the gallows in Hamburg, Germany, having been found guilty of "committing a war crime in that in the vicinity of Paradis, Pas-de-Calais, France, on or about 27 May 1940, in violation of the laws and usages of war, was concerned in the killing of about ninety prisoners of war, members of the 2nd Battalion, the Royal Norfolk Regiment and other British units". ww2dbase [AC]
25 Jan 1949

Photo(s) dated 25 Jan 1949
Abandoned B-25J bomber of 822nd Bomb Squadron of 38th Bomb Group of US 5th Air Force, 25 Jan 1949
31 Jan 1949
  • Omar Bradley was promoted to the permanent rank of general. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
6 Feb 1949
7 Feb 1949

China
  • Li Mi met with Chiang Kaishek over a meal and reported to Chiang his Nov 1948 total defeat at the hand of the communists near Chenguan County, Henan Province, China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
14 Feb 1949
  • The Israeli parliament, the Knesset, convened for the first time. ww2dbase [AC]
15 Feb 1949

Photo(s) dated 15 Feb 1949
Dwight Eisenhower and James Forrestal at Andrews Air Force Base, Maryland, United States, 15 Feb 1949
16 Feb 1949

Japan
  • Shigeru Yoshida became the 49th Prime Minister of Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
24 Feb 1949
  • Israel signed an armistice with Egypt to de-escalate the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, also known as the Israeli Independence War. ww2dbase [CPC]
25 Feb 1949

Photo(s) dated 25 Feb 1949
Dutch soldier with a captured Japanese Type 88 75mm anti-aircraft gun, Waingapu, Dutch East Indies, 25 Feb 1949Abandoned Japanese Type 96 25mm anti-aircraft mounts at Waingapu, Dutch East Indies, 25 Feb 1949
28 Feb 1949
  • USS Bergall conculded a tour of the Far East. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
1 Mar 1949

United States
  • The military hospital at the Oak Ridge site of the Manhattan Project in Tennessee, United States was transferred to civilian control by the Roanne-Anderson Company, a subsidiary of the Turner Construction Company. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Mar 1949
South Korean officer Chung Il-kwon, 1 Mar 1949
5 Mar 1949
  • Nikolai Voznesensky was removed from his position as the Chairman of the State Planning Committee of the Soviet Union. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Maksim Saburov became the Chairman of State Planning Committee of the Soviet Union. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
6 Mar 1949
  • Milwaukee was decommissioned from service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
7 Mar 1949

Photo(s) dated 7 Mar 1949
USS Finback underway off New London, Connecticut, United States, 7 Mar 1949
9 Mar 1949
  • Mikhail Rodionov stepped down as the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Russian SFSR. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
12 Mar 1949

China
  • He Yingqin was named the third head of the Executive Yuan of the Republic of China and the chairman of the US aid committee. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
13 Mar 1949
18 Mar 1949

United States
  • Edward Brooks was promoted to the rank of lieutenant general and was named the Assistant Chief of Staff for Personnel of the US Army. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
19 Mar 1949
  • James Somerville passed away. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The residential and commercial sections of Oak Ridge, Tennessee, United States were opened to public access for the first time. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
23 Mar 1949
  • Israel signed an armistice with Lebanon to de-escalate the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, also known as the Israeli Independence War. ww2dbase [CPC]
24 Mar 1949
  • Iowa was decommissioned from service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
31 Mar 1949

Newfoundland
  • Newfoundland became a province of Canada. ww2dbase [AC]
1 Apr 1949
  • General Alexander Vandegrift, Commandant of the US Marine Corps, retired after over 40 years of service. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
3 Apr 1949
  • Israel signed an armistice with Jordan to de-escalate the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, also known as the Israeli Independence War. ww2dbase [CPC]
4 Apr 1949
  • The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was formed. ww2dbase [CPC]
5 Apr 1949

United Kingdom
  • Noor Inayat Khan was posthumously awarded the George Cross. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
6 Apr 1949

Photo(s) dated 6 Apr 1949
General Omar Bradley, Secretary of Defense Louis Johnson, US President Harry Truman, and another official reviewing an Army Day parade, 6 Apr 1949
7 Apr 1949
  • Ma Bufang and Ma Hongkui announced that they would continue to fight against the Communists despite the string of victories that the Communists had been achieving in the Chinese Civil War. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
11 Apr 1949

Photo(s) dated 11 Apr 1949
USS Capitaine, 11 Apr 1949
18 Apr 1949
  • Ireland (Eire) gained full independence from the United Kingdom, forming the new Republic of Ireland. It also terminated its Commonwealth membership. ww2dbase [AC]
United States
  • The keel of the new 60,000-ton aircraft carrier, USS United States, was laid down at Newport News, Virginia, United States ten days after the purchase of 39 giant six-engine B-36 bombers was announced. The US Air Force was well aware that the purchase price of 234 milion dollars would be challenged by Congress and compared unfavourably with the estimated cost for the carrier of only 189 million dollars. The Air Force went so far as to claim that the Navy was lying about the price, for it knew that the real cost would be close to 500 million dollars. ww2dbase [AC]
22 Apr 1949

China
  • He Yingqin was named the acting Minister of Defense. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Apr 1949
USS Essex undergoing modernization at drydock no. 5 of Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Washington, United States, 22 Apr 1949; seen in US Navy Naval Aviation News Aug 1949
23 Apr 1949

China
  • Chinese communist forces captured Nanjing, China and announced the end of the Nationalist Party government. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Apr 1949
British-Malayan policemen talking to a civilian, Malaya, 23 Apr 1949; note Sten gun
24 Apr 1949
  • Sun Chu was captured by Chinese communist forces at Taiyuan, Shanxi, China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
6 May 1949

United Kingdom
  • HMS Mauritius was recommissioned into service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
7 May 1949

United States
  • US Public Law 58-81 changed Henry Arnold's rank of General of the Army to General of the Air Force, making him the only man to hold five-star rank in two separate US military branches. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
11 May 1949
  • Siam was renamed to Thailand for the second time. ww2dbase [CPC]
12 May 1949

Germany
  • In Germany, the Berlin Blockade was lifted. ww2dbase [CPC]
13 May 1949
  • The English Electric Canberra, Britain's first Jet bomber, took its first flight. ww2dbase [AC]
China
  • He Yingqin resigned his government postings and would soon depart China for Hong Kong and later Taiwan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
16 May 1949

United States
  • USS Segundo entered Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States for overhaul. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
19 May 1949

Taiwan
  • Chen Cheng announced martial law in the Republic of China, which was effectively the islands of Taiwan, Penghu, and other surrounding islands under Chinese control. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
20 May 1949
23 May 1949
  • Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany, the constitution of West Germany, came into effect. ww2dbase [CPC]
27 May 1949
  • The Central Intelligence Agency Act was passed by the US Congress. ww2dbase [AC]
28 May 1949

Photo(s) dated 28 May 1949
Emperor Showa (Hirohito) visiting Kurume, Fukuoka, Japan, 28 May 1949
6 Jun 1949

China
  • He Yingqin stepped down from his position as the head of the Executive Yuan of the Republic of China and as the chairman of the US aid committee. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
9 Jun 1949
  • Edmund Herring was made a Knight Commander of the Order of Saint Michael and Saint George. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
12 Jun 1949

China
  • He Yingqin stepped down as the acting Minister of Defense. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
13 Jun 1949

French Indochina
  • Bao Dai was made the Chief of State of Vietnam. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
20 Jun 1949
  • Beaufighter and Mosquito aircraft of the Dominican Republic attacked the remaining elements of a failed Guatemalan invasion force, strafing a PBY Catalina aircraft, with fifteen soldiers aboard, which had been forced down offshore during the previous days fighting. ww2dbase [AC]
Russia
  • Filipp Golikov was awarded the Order of the Red Banner for the fourth time. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Aleksandr Vasilevsky was awarded the Order of Red Banner for the second time. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Georgy Zhukov was awarded the Order of the Red Banner for the third time. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
26 Jun 1949
  • Captain Henry Richter was named the commanding officer of USS Saint Paul. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Hiroshi Nemoto departed Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Korea
  • Kim Gu was assassinated by Ahn Doo-hee in Seoul, South Korea. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
30 Jun 1949

Japan
  • Prince Morihiro's son Hidehiko was born. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
5 Jul 1949

Photo(s) dated 5 Jul 1949
Kim Gu
6 Jul 1949
  • USS Charr arrived at Portland, Oregon, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
10 Jul 1949

Taiwan
  • Hiroshi Nemoto arrived at Keelung, Taiwan, Republic of China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
14 Jul 1949
  • The Soviet Union successfully detonated an atomic bomb. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 14 Jul 1949
A flag previously raised on Iwo Jima, Japan was presented to Major General Graves Erskine for use in the filming of the movie Sands of Iwo Jima, 14 Jul 1949
20 Jul 1949
  • Israel signed an armistice with Syria to de-escalate the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, also known as the Israeli Independence War. ww2dbase [CPC]
29 Jul 1949

Photo(s) dated 29 Jul 1949
The Boat Dock and pier extending into Waimanalo Bay at Bellows Air Force Base, Oahu, Hawaii, Jul 29, 1949.  The entire structure was removed in the late 1950s.
1 Aug 1949

Taiwan
  • Hiroshi Nemoto arrived at a hot springs resort at Beitou, Taiwan, Republic of China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
2 Aug 1949
  • USS Manta was recommissioned into service with Lieutenant E. H. Edwards, Jr. in command. Her designation changed from SS-299 to ESS-299. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
8 Aug 1949

Photo(s) dated 8 Aug 1949
USS Segundo off Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States, 8 Aug 1949
11 Aug 1949
  • Omar Bradley was appointed the first Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
12 Aug 1949
  • USS Baya was redesignated AGSS-318. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
13 Aug 1949

Hawaii
  • USS Bugara departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
15 Aug 1949
  • McDougal was decommissioned from service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Aug 1949

China
  • Hiroshi Nemoto arrived at Xiamen (Postal Map: Amoy), Fujian Province, China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
20 Aug 1949

United States
  • USS Sea Robin arrived at New London, Connecticut, United States and joined Submarine Squadron 8. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
24 Aug 1949

United States
  • USS Segundo completed her overhaul at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
27 Aug 1949

China
  • Li Mi was ordered to move Chinese 8th Corps to Yunnan Province, China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
28 Aug 1949

Photo(s) dated 28 Aug 1949
Chiang Ching-kuo and Ma Bufang, Chongqing, China, 28 Aug 1949
1 Sep 1949
  • USS Manta's designation changed from ESS-299 to AGSS-299. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
2 Sep 1949
  • The prototype of de Havilland Venom jet fighter took its first flight. ww2dbase [AC]
6 Sep 1949

China
  • Lu Han hosted Chiang Kaishek for lunch at his home in Kunming, Yunnan Province, China; Chiang met with several high ranking officials at Lu's home before departing for Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Sep 1949
London de-ammunitioning and de-fuelling at Sheerness, 6 Sep 1949
19 Sep 1949
  • The Fairey Gannet aircraft, built to a Royal Navy requirement for a carrier-borne aircraft that could both hunt and kill submarines, took its first flight. ww2dbase [AC]
21 Sep 1949

China
  • He Yingqin was named the chairman of the military committee of the Office of the President of the Republic of China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
23 Sep 1949
  • US President Harry S. Truman announced to the world that there was positive evidence that the Soviet Union had detonated an atomic bomb; this highlighted the fact that the US monopoly of nuclear weapons had ended and marked the beginning of East-West confrontation known as the Cold War. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
30 Sep 1949
  • USS Sea Cat was redesignated AGSS-399. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
1 Oct 1949

China
  • Chinese communists declared victory in the Chinese civil war, renaming Beiping ("Northern Peace") to Beijing ("Northern Capital") to serve as their capital city; the Republic of China government withdrew to the island of Taiwan, where it still remains. ww2dbase [CPC]
5 Oct 1949

Photo(s) dated 5 Oct 1949
Émile Bertin at Toulon, France, 5 Oct 1949
6 Oct 1949

Germany
  • The last sortie of the Berlin Airlift was made when an RAF Hastings aircraft, captained by Flight Lieutenant H. D. Harper, delivered a cargo of coal from RAF Schleswigland in northern Germany to RAF Gatow in Berlin, Germany. ww2dbase [AC]
United States
  • Iva Toguri D'Aquino was sentenced to 10 years in prison and a fine of US$10,000 for taking part in Japanese propaganda efforts during the war. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
7 Oct 1949

Photo(s) dated 7 Oct 1949
Vasily Chuikov, Otto Grotewohl, and Johannes Dieckmann at the founding of East Germany, Berlin, 7 Oct 1949General Vasily Chuikov and Ambassador Vladmir Semyonov at the founding of East Germany, Berlin, 7 Oct 1949, photo 1 of 5General Vasily Chuikov at the founding of East Germany, Berlin, 7 Oct 1949Otto Grotewhol, Luitpold Steidle, and Vasily Chuikov at the founding of East Germany, Berlin, 7 Oct 1949
See all photos dated 7 Oct 1949
14 Oct 1949
16 Oct 1949
  • Greek National Army defeated the communists, marking the end of the Greek Civil War. ww2dbase [CPC]
17 Oct 1949

Photo(s) dated 17 Oct 1949
Prime Minister Ben Chifley, Governor-General William McKell, and Minister for Works and Housing Nelson Lemmon at the official launch of the Snowy Mountains Hydro project at Adaminaby, Australia, 17 Oct 1949
21 Oct 1949

Switzerland
  • The United States paid 62,176,433.06 Swiss francs (not including US$4,000,000 already paid by Oct 1944) to Switzerland for accidental damage done by American bombers during the war. ww2dbase [CPC]
2 Nov 1949
  • Konstantin Rokossovsky was promoted to the rank of Marshal of Poland. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
7 Nov 1949

United States
  • USS Sea Cat arrived at the Philadelphia Navy Yard, Pennsylvania, United States for upgrades. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
11 Nov 1949

Photo(s) dated 11 Nov 1949
Vasily Chuikov and Alexander Kotikov, Berlin, East Germany, 11 Nov 1949, photo 1 of 2Vasily Chuikov and Alexander Kotikov, Berlin, East Germany, 11 Nov 1949, photo 2 of 2Vasily Chuikov, Hermann Kastner, and Otoo Grotewohl in Berlin, East Germany, 11 Nov 1949
18 Nov 1949

United Kingdom
  • A Douglas C-47 Globemaster I aircraft of the USAF's MATS landed at RAF Marham, Norfolk, England, United Kingdom after a non-stop flight from the US. It carried a total of 103 passengers and crew, then the largest number of people carried across the North Atlantic in a single flight. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Nov 1949
Bess Truman, US President Harry Truman, and Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi in the United States, 18 Nov 1949
21 Nov 1949

Libya
  • The United Nations passed the resolution for Libya's full independence. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Nov 1949
Li Zongren and his family in Guilin, Guangxi, China, 21 Nov 1949; they were departing for the United States via Hong Kong
22 Nov 1949

Photo(s) dated 22 Nov 1949
Synopsis of the criminal trial of Iva Ikuko Toguri DOmar Bradley, Hoyt Vandenberg, Lawton Collins, and Forrest Sherman at a US Joint Chiefs of Staff meeting at the Pentagon building, Arlington, Virginia, United States, 22 Nov 1949
29 Nov 1949

China
  • Chiang Kaishek departed Chongqing, China aboard C-54 transport "Zhongmei" piloted by Yi Fuen; Communist troops captured the airfield within hours of Chiang's departure. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
5 Dec 1949

China
  • Dong Zhao departed Hanzhong, Shaanxi Province, China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
6 Dec 1949

Photo(s) dated 6 Dec 1949
Mao Zedong, Nikolai Bulganin, Joseph Stalin, Wailter Ulbricht, and Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal celebrating Stalin
8 Dec 1949

China
  • Dong Zhao retired from the Chinese Army at Chongqing, China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
9 Dec 1949

China
  • Dong Zhao, his wife, and his three children departed Chongqing, China for Taiwan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lu Han defected Yunnan Province, China to the Chinese communists. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
10 Dec 1949

China
  • Chiang Kaishek departed Fenghuangshan Airfield, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China at 1400 hours for Taiwan aboard C-54 transport "Zhongmei" piloted by Yi Fuen. Communist general Ye Jianying in Guangdong Province in southern China requested permission to intercept the C-54 aircraft, but he would never launch his fighters as his superiors failed to respond to his request. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Libya
  • Adrian Pelt of the Netherlands was appointed the United Nations Commissioner of Libya. ww2dbase [CPC]
14 Dec 1949

Photo(s) dated 14 Dec 1949
Actor John Wayne, Major General Graves Erskine, and others at the premier of the film Sands of Iwo Jima, 14 Dec 1949
17 Dec 1949
  • Indonesia was granted independence by the Dutch government. ww2dbase [CPC]
21 Dec 1949

Taiwan
  • Chen Cheng stepped down from his position as the Chairman of Taiwan Province, Republic of China and the Chief of Police. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
24 Dec 1949

China
  • Deng Xihou received an invitation via telegraph from the communists. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
25 Dec 1949
  • Khabarovsk War Crime Trials against 12 members of the Japanese Kwantung Army began. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Dec 1949
Li Zongren in the United States, 25 Dec 1949
29 Dec 1949
  • Khabarovsk War Crime Trials concluded with all 12 accused members of the Japanese Kwantung Army found guilty and given prison sentences. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
30 Dec 1949
  • The NKVD of the Soviet Union provided Joseph Stalin a secret dossier that contained a biography of Adolf Hitler. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Deng Xihou defected to the Chinese communists, allowing communist forces to occupy Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China without opposition. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Famous WW2 Quote
"With Germany arming at breakneck speed, England lost in a pacifist dream, France corrupt and torn by dissension, America remote and indifferent... do you not tremble for your children?"

Winston Churchill, 1935